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Authors and Editors in General Surgery

Authors and Editors in General Surgery

Editors-in-Chief

Raphael E Pollock, MD
Editor-in-Chief — General Surgery
Section Editor — Soft Tissue Sarcoma
Professor of Surgery
The Ohio State University
David I Soybel, MD
Editor-in-Chief — General Surgery
Section Editor — Upper GI Surgery
Professor of Surgery
Geisel School of Medicine at Dartmouth

Deputy Editors

Wenliang Chen, MD, PhD
Senior Deputy Editor — General Surgery
Kathryn A Collins, MD, PhD, FACS
Senior Deputy Editor — General Surgery

Section Editors

Stanley W Ashley, MD
Section Editor — Pancreatic and Hepatobiliary Surgery
Brigham and Women’s Hospital
Frank Sawyer Professor of Surgery
Harvard Medical School
Russell S Berman, MD
Section Editor — Skin and Soft Tissue Surgery
Vice Chair for Education and Faculty Affairs
Chief, Division of Surgical Oncology
Director, Surgical Residency Training Program
Professor of Surgery
New York University Grossman School of Medicine
Eileen M Bulger, MD, FACS
Section Editor — Trauma Surgery
Professor of Surgery
University of Washington
Sally E Carty, MD, FACS
Section Editor — Endocrine Surgery
Professor, Chief, Division of Endocrine Surgery
University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine
Anees B Chagpar, MD, MSc, MA, MPH, MBA, FACS, FRCS(C)
Section Editor — Breast Surgery
Professor, Department of Surgery
Yale University School of Medicine
Amalia Cochran, MD, FACS, FCCM
Section Editor — Basic surgical principles
Professor of Surgery
University of Florida
Amy S Colwell, MD
Section Editor — Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
Professor of Surgery
Harvard Medical School
Mark A Creager, MD, FAHA, FACC, MSVM
Section Editor — Vascular Medicine
Heart and Vascular Center
Dartmouth-Hitchcock Medical Center
Professor of Medicine
Geisel School of Medicine at Dartmouth
Ingemar Davidson, MD, PhD, FACS
Section Editor — Arterial and Venous Access
Adjunct Professor of Surgery
Tulane University
Ellen D Dillavou, MD
Section Editor — Arterial and Venous Access
Division Chief of Vascular Surgery for Wake Med Hospitals
Raleigh, North Carolina
John F Eidt, MD
Section Editor — Vascular and Endovascular Surgery
Professor of Surgery, Texas A&M Health Science Center
Vice Chair of Vascular Surgical Services, Baylor Heart and Vascular Hospital at Dallas
Marvin P Fried, MD, FACS
Section Editor — Head and Neck Surgery
Professor and University Chairman, Emeritus
Montefiore Medical Center
Albert Einstein College of Medicine
Marc G Jeschke, MD, PhD
Section Editor — Burn Surgery
Vice President Research, Hamilton Health Sciences
Medical Director Burn Program, Hamilton Health Sciences
Professor of Surgery, McMaster University
Daniel Jones, MD
Section Editor — Bariatric and Metabolic Surgery
Professor
Rutgers New Jersey Medical School
Stephanie B Jones, MD
Editor-in-Chief — Anesthesiology
Section Editor — Anesthesia with Comorbid Non-Cardiopulmonary Conditions
Professor and Chair
Department of Anesthesiology
Donald and Barbara Zucker School of Medicine at Hofstra/Northwell
Brian E Louie, MD, MHA, MPH, FRCSC, FACS
Section Editor — Esophageal Surgery
Director
Thoracic Research and Education
Executive Co-Medical Director and Surgical Chair
Swedish Digestive Health Institute, Division of Thoracic Surgery
Jeffrey Marks, MD
Section Editor — Minimally Invasive Surgery
Professor of Surgery
University Hospitals
Case Medical Center
Joseph L Mills, Sr, MD
Section Editor — Vascular and Endovascular Surgery
Professor and Chief
Division of Vascular Surgery and Endovascular Therapy
Baylor College of Medicine
Raphael E Pollock, MD
Editor-in-Chief — General Surgery
Section Editor — Soft Tissue Sarcoma
Professor of Surgery
The Ohio State University
Krishnan Raghavendran, MD, FACS
Section Editor — Acute care general surgery
Professor of Surgery
University of Michigan
Jerome P Richie, MD, FACS
Section Editor — Cancer of the Urethra, Penis, and Ureter; Urologic Surgery; Prostate Cancer
Elliott Carr Cutler Professor of Surgery
Harvard Medical School
Michael Rosen, MD
Section Editor — Hernia Surgery
Professor of Surgery
Cleveland Clinic Foundation
David I Soybel, MD
Editor-in-Chief — General Surgery
Section Editor — Upper GI Surgery
Professor of Surgery
Geisel School of Medicine at Dartmouth
Martin Weiser, MD
Section Editor — Colorectal Surgery
Attending Surgeon
Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center
Professor of Surgery
Weill Cornell Medical School
Gary J Whitman, MD
Section Editor — Radiology Breast Imaging
Professor of Breast Imaging and Radiation Oncology
The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center

Editorial Assistants

Barry Giglio
Content Editing Associate ─ UpToDate
Catherine Zuo, BA
Content Editing Coordinator

Authors

Sumaira Z Aasi, MD
Professor
Department of Dermatology
Stanford University School of Medicine
Eddie K Abdalla, MD, FACS
Medical Director, Liver and Pancreas Program
Northside Hospital Cancer Institute
Hamid Abdollahi, MD
Plastic and Reconstructive Surgeon
The Institute for Advanced Reconstruction at The Plastic Surgery Center
Mohannad Abousaleh, MD
Director of Endoscopy
GI Oncology Director
Trinity Health - Ann Arbor
Mauricio S Abrao, MD
Associate Professor & Director of Endometriosis Division, Obstetrics & Gynecology Department, Sao Paulo University, Brazil
Chair, Gynecology - Hospital A Beneficencia Portuguesa, Sao Paulo, SP, Brazil
Sandra G Adams, MD, MS
Professor of Medicine
Department of Internal Medicine, Division of Pulmonary Diseases and Critical Care Medicine
UT Health San Antonio
Amanda Adeleye, MD
Founding Partner and Medical Director of CCRM Chicago
Clinical Associate, University of Chicago
Douglas G Adler, MD, FACG, AGAF, FASGE
Section Editor — Advanced Endoscopy
Professor of Medicine
Director, Center for Advanced Therapeutic Endoscopy (CATE)
Porter Adventist Hospital, Centura Health, Denver Colorado
N Scott Adzick, MD
C. Everett Koop Professor of Pediatric Surgery
Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania
Nezam H Afdhal, MD, FRCPI
Chief of Gastroenterology and Hepatology
Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center
Rohit Aggarwal, MD, MSc
Professor of Medicine, Division of Rheumatology and Clinical Immunology
University of Pittsburgh
Azeemuddin Ahmed, MD, MBA
Clinical Professor of Emergency Medicine
University of Iowa Carver College of Medicine
Nitin K Ahuja, MD, MS
Assistant Professor of Clinical Medicine
Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology
University of Pennsylvania Perelman School of Medicine
Jana Al Hashash, MD, MSc, FACG, AGAF
Associate Professor of Medicine
Mayo Clinic
John C Alexander, MD, MBA
Associate Professor of Anesthesiology and Pain Management
University of Texas Southwestern
Patrick C Alguire, MD, MACP
Senior Vice President Emeritus for Medical Education
American College of Physicians
Tarek Alhamad, MD, MS, FACP, FASN
Associate Professor of Medicine
Washington University School of Medicine
Ahsan Ali, MD, FACS
Vascular Staff
John Peter Smith Hospital
Shawn Allen, MD
Assistant Clinical Professor, Department of Dermatology
University of Colorado
Director, Dermatology Specialists of Boulder, PC Boulder, CO
John Allendorf, MD, FACS
Professor of Surgery
NYU Grossman Long Island School of Medicine
Chairman of Surgery
NYU Langone Hospital Long Island
Michael Allon, MD
Professor of Medicine
University of Alabama at Birmingham
Eric Alper, MD
Professor of Medicine
UMass Chan Medical School
Harrison Alter, MD, MS, FACEP
Attending Physician
Highland Hospital – Alameda Health System, Oakland, California
Clinical Professor of Emergency Medicine
University of California, San Francisco
Anthony A Amato, MD
Professor of Neurology
Harvard Medical School
Milan Amin, MD
Professor of Otolaryngology/Head and Neck Surgery
New York University School of Medicine
Bradley D Anawalt, MD
Chief of Medicine, University of Washington Medical Center
Professor and Vice Chair of Medicine
University of Washington
Carey K Anders, MD
Medical Director
Brain and Spine Metastases Program
Duke Cancer Institute
Duke University
Christopher D Anderson, MD, FACS
James D. Hardy Professor and Chair, Department of Surgery
Chief, Transplant and Hepatobiliary Surgery
University of Mississippi Medical Center
Deverick J Anderson, MD, MPH
Professor of Medicine
Duke University Medical Center
Stephan Anderson, MD
Professor of Radiology
Boston University School of Medicine
Mark P Androes, MD
Assistant Professor of Surgery
University of South Carolina School of Medicine
Caroline Apovian, MD
Member of the Faculty, Harvard Medical School
Co-Director, Center for Weight Management and Wellness, Brigham and Women's Hospital
Michael D Apstein, MD
Assistant Professor of Medicine
Harvard Medical School
Mustafa A Arain, MD
Adjunct Professor of Medicine
University of California San Francisco
Cassra N Arbabi, MD
Vascular Surgery
Cedars-Sinai Medical Center
Charlotte Ariyan, MD, PhD
Associate Attending
Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center
April W Armstrong, MD, MPH
Professor and Chief
Division of Dermatology
University of California Los Angeles
David G Armstrong, DPM, MD, PhD
Professor of Surgery and Director
Southwestern Academic Limb Salvage Alliance (SALSA)
Keck School of Medicine, University of Southern California
Sean Armstrong, MD, FRCPC, MEd
Associate Professor of Medicine
University of Manitoba
Medical Director – Seven Oaks Hospital Kidney Health Program
Director – Interventional Nephrology
Manitoba Renal Program
Anne M Arnhym, CPNP
Certified Pediatric Nurse Practitioner
UCSF Pediatric Urology
Andrew Arnold, MD
Murray-Heilig Professor of Molecular Medicine
University of Connecticut
Donald M Arnold, MD, MSc
Associate Professor, Department of Medicine
McMaster University
Canadian Blood Services
Monish Aron, MD, MCh, FRCS
Professor of Clinical Urology
Co-Director, Robotic Surgery & Advanced Laparoscopy
USC Institute of Urology, Keck School of Medicine
University of Southern California
Mark D Aronson, MD
Editor-in-Chief — Primary Care (Adult); Hospital Medicine
Section Editor — General Medicine
Professor of Medicine
Harvard Medical School
Vineet Arora, MD, MAPP
Professor of Medicine
University of Chicago
Russell L Ashinoff, MD, FACS
Plastic and Reconstructive Surgeon
The Institute for Advanced Reconstruction at The Plastic Surgery Center
Director
The Center for Lymphedema Surgery at the Institute for Advanced Reconstruction
Assistant Professor
Seton Hall-Hackensack Meridian School of Medicine
Stanley W Ashley, MD
Section Editor — Pancreatic and Hepatobiliary Surgery
Brigham and Women’s Hospital
Frank Sawyer Professor of Surgery
Harvard Medical School
Reza Askari, MD, FACS
Instructor in Surgery
Harvard Medical School
Associate Trauma Director
Brigham and Women’s Hospital
Jon C Aster, MD, PhD
Professor of Pathology
Harvard Medical School
Michael B Atkins, MD
Section Editor — Malignant Melanoma and Other Cutaneous Neoplasms; Cancer of the Kidney
Deputy Director
Georgetown Lombardi Comprehensive Cancer Center
Mélanie Aubé-Peterkin, MD, FRCSC, MHPE
Assistant Professor
McGill University
John Augoustides, MD, FASE, FAHA
Professor of Anesthesiology and Critical Care
University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine
Efthymios Avgerinos, MD
Professor of Surgery
University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine
John S Axford, DSc, MD, FRCP, FRCPCH
Section Editor — Scleroderma
Emeritus Professor of Rheumatology
St George's University of London
Ehsan Azadani, DDS, MS
Assistant Professor
The Ohio State University | Nationwide Children's Hospital
Nabeel Azeem, MD
Assistant Professor of Medicine
University of Minnesota
Ali Azizzadeh, MD, FACS
Professor & Director, Division of Vascular Surgery
Vice Chair, Department of Surgery for Programmatic Development
Associate Director, Heart Institute for Vascular Therapeutics
Cedars-Sinai
Saïd C Azoury, MD
Assistant Professor of Surgery (Plastic Surgery)
Assistant Professor of Orthopaedic Surgery
Associate Program Director (Plastic Surgery)
University of Pennsylvania
Emile Bacha, MD, FACS
Calvin F. Barber Professor of Surgery
Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons
Laura H Bachmann, MD, MPH, FIDSA
Chief Medical Officer
National Center for HIV/AIDS, Viral Hepatitis, STD, and TB Prevention
Division of STD Prevention
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
Richard G Bachur, MD
Section Editor — Pediatric Trauma
Professor of Pediatrics and Emergency Medicine
Harvard Medical School
Larry M Baddour, MD, FIDSA, FAHA
Professor Emeritus of Medicine
Mayo Clinic College of Medicine
M Safwan Badr, MD
Section Editor — Sleep Related Breathing Disorders
Professor and Chief, Pulmonary Critical Care and Sleep Medicine
Wayne State University School of Medicine
Andrea C Bafford, MD
Assistant Professor and Chief of Colon and Rectal Surgery
University of Maryland School of Medicine
Aditya Bagrodia, MD, FACS
Associate Professor, Department of Urology
UC San Diego Health
Jasmohan S Bajaj, MD
Professor of Medicine
Virginia Commonwealth University and McGuire VA Medical Center
Lalit Bajaj, MD, MPH
Professor of Pediatrics and Emergency Medicine
Children's Hospital Colorado
Robert D Baker, MD, PhD
Professor of Pediatrics
University at Buffalo, the State University of New York
Steven K Baker, MSc, MD
Associate Professor of Medicine
Neuromuscular Disease Clinic
Faculty of Health Sciences
McMaster University
Susan S Baker, MD, PhD
Professor of Pediatrics
University at Buffalo, the State University of New York
Johan S Bakken, MD, PhD
Associate Professor, School of Medicine
University of Minnesota, Duluth
Ziad Bakouny, MD
Department of Medicine
Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center
Elizabeth H Baldini, MD, MPH, FASTRO
Section Editor — Bone and Soft Tissue Tumors
Professor of Radiation Oncology
Harvard Medical School
Ethan Balk, MD, MPH
Associate Professor
Brown University School of Public Health
Douglas W Ball, MD
Associate Professor of Medicine and Oncology
Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine
Leslie Ballas, MD
Associate Professor
Cedars Sinai Medical Center
Chantay Banikarim, MD, MPH
Director of Adolescent Medicine
St. Joseph's Hospital & Medical Center, Phoenix
Monique Barakat, MD, PhD
Assistant Professor of Medicine and Pediatrics
Associate Director of Pediatric Endoscopy
Interventional Endoscopist
Divisions of Adult and Pediatric Gastroenterology & Hepatology
Stanford University School of Medicine
Benjamin Barankin, MD, FRCPC
Dermatologist, Medical Director
Toronto Dermatology Centre, Toronto, Canada
Matthew D Barber, MD, MHS
Chair, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology
Professor of Obstetrics and Gynecology
Duke University Medical Center
Robert L Barbieri, MD
Editor-in-Chief — Obstetrics, Gynecology and Women's Health
Section Editor — General Gynecology and Female Reproductive Endocrinology
BWH Chair Emeritus, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology
Kate Macy Ladd Distinguished Professor of Obstetrics, Gynecology and Reproductive Biology
Harvard Medical School
Sheila Barnett, MD
Associate Professor of Anesthesia
Harvard Medical School
Carlton C Barnett, Jr, MD
Professor of Surgery
University of Colorado at Denver
Todd H Baron, MD
Director of Advanced Therapeutic Endoscopy
University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill
Glen W Barrisford, MD, MS, MPH, FACS
Director of Urologic Oncology
Kaiser Permanente
Santa Rosa Medical Center
Neal R Barshes, MD, MPH, FACS
Associate Professor of Surgery
Baylor College of Medicine
Jason JS Barton, MD, PhD, FRCPC
Professor and Canada Research Chair
Medicine (Neurology), Ophthalmology, and Visual Sciences
The University of British Columbia
Deborah A Bartz, MD, MPH
Associate Professor, Harvard Medical School
Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
Brigham and Women’s Hospital
Laurence S Baskin, MD, FAAP
Section Editor — Pediatric Urology
Frank Hinman, Jr, MD, Distinguished Professorship in Pediatric Urology
Chief Pediatric Urology
Professor of Urology and Pediatrics
UCSF Benioff Children's Hospital
Rebecca Bassett, MD
Adjunct Clinical Assistant Professor
University of North Carolina School of Medicine
Andrew T Bates, MD
Assistant Professor of Surgery
South Shore University Hospital, Northwell Health
Andrew R Bauder, MD
Clinical Fellow, Hand and Upper Extremity Surgery
Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Harvard Medical School
Kenneth A Bauer, MD
Section Editor — Hemostasis and Thrombosis
Professor of Medicine
Harvard Medical School
Michelle A Baum, MD
Section Editor — Pediatric Nephrology
Associate Professor
Harvard Medical School
Donald Baumann, MD, FACS
Professor
Department of Plastic Surgery
University of Texas, M.D. Anderson Cancer Center
Gerald A Beathard, MD, PhD
Clinical Professor
University of Texas Medical Branch
Carlos Bechara, MD, MS
Professor of Surgery
Co-director, Aortic Center
Loyola School of Medicine
Theresa Becker, DO
Assistant Professor of Pediatrics
Harvard Medical School
Medical Director, Pediatric Programs Lahey Beverly
Executive Network Director
Division of Emergency Medicine
Brian K Bednarski, MD, MEHP
Associate Professor
Department of Colorectal Surgery
University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center
Lucas Beffa, MD
Assistant Professor of Surgery
Lerner College of Medicine
Cleveland Clinic Foundation
Tanios Bekaii-Saab, MD
Leader, GI Cancer Program
Mayo Clinic Cancer Center Consultant, Mayo Clinic, Phoenix, AZ
Professor, Mayo College of Medicine and Science
Rodney D Bell, MD
Professor of Neurology
Sidney Kimmel Medical College
Sigall Bell, MD
Associate Professor of Medicine
Harvard Medical School
Anthony J Bella, MD, FRCSC
Assistant Professor of Urology and Associate Scientist, Neuroscience
Endowed Chair in Men's Health Research
Greta and John Hansen Chair in Men's Health Research
University of Ottawa
Cassandra Bellamy, PharmD, BCPS
Clinical Pharmacist
St. Mark's Hospital
Joaquim Bellmunt, MD, PhD
Section Editor — Bladder Cancer
Director, Bladder Cancer Center, Dana Farber Cancer Institute
Associate Professor of Medicine, Harvard Medical School
Jennifer R Bellon, MD
Associate Professor of Radiation Oncology
Harvard Medical School
Kfir Ben-David, MD, FACS
Chairman of Surgery
Surgery Residency Program Director
Mount Sinai Medical Center
Costantino Benedetti, MD
Academy Professor
Ohio State University
Elizabeth Benjamin, MD, PhD, FACS
Associate Professor of Surgery, Emory University
Trauma Medical Director, Grady Memorial Hospital
William M Bennett, MD
Medical Director
Legacy Good Samaritan Transplant Services
Brian M Benway, MD
Director, Comprehensive Kidney Stone Program
Associate Professor of Urologic Surgery
Cedars-Sinai Medical Center
Urology Academic Practice
James R Berenson, MD
Medical and Scientific Director
Institute for Myeloma and Bone Cancer Research
Jeffrey S Berger, MD, MS, FAHA, FACC
Associate Professor of Medicine (Cardiology and Hematology)
Associate Professor of Surgery (Vascular Surgery)
New York University School of Medicine
Jonas Bergh, MD, PhD, FRCP (London UK)
Professor of Oncology (Mimi Althainz' donation)
Karolinska Institutet and University Hospital
Cancer Center Karolinska
Stockholm, Sweden
Jacques J Bergman, MD, PhD
Professor of Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
Head of Endoscopy
Department of Gastroenterology and Hepatology
Academic Medical Center Amsterdam
Emily Bergsland, MD
Professor of Medicine
University of California San Francisco
Lori R Berkowitz, MD, MBA
Associate Professor
Obstetrics, Gynecology and Reproductive Biology
Harvard Medical School
Nicola Berlanda, MD
Adjunct Professor
Obstetrics and Gynecology
University of Milan, Italy
Dan Berlowitz, MD, MPH
Professor
University of Massachusetts-Lowell Department of Public Health
Eileen Bernal, MD, FACS
Staff Physician
Intensive Care Solutions
Baptist Hospital of Miami
Cherisse Berry, MD, FACS
Associate Professor of Surgery
New York University Grossman School of Medicine
Mark F Berry, MD
Mylavarapu Rogers Professor
Stanford University
Caroline Bérubé, MD
Clinical Associate Professor of Medicine (Hematology)
Stanford University School of Medicine
Simon Best, MD
Associate Professor
Johns Hopkins Department of Otolaryngology – Head and Neck Surgery
Joseph R Betancourt, MD, MPH
Associate Professor of Medicine
Harvard Medical School
Paul I Bhalla, MBChB, FRCA, FFPMRCA
Assistant Professor
University of Washington Department of Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine
Aarti Bhatia, MD
Assistant Professor, Medical Oncology,
Yale School of Medicine and Yale Cancer Center
Neil Bhattacharyya, MD, FACS
Professor of Otology and Laryngology
Massachusetts Eye and Ear
Harvard Medical School
Mihir K Bhayani, MD, FACS
Associate Professor, Department of Otorhinolaryngology
Rush University Medical Center
Walter L Biffl, MD
Medical Director
Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
Scripps Memorial Hospital La Jolla
La Jolla, CA
Kenneth F Binmoeller, MD, MASGE, FACG
Director, Interventional Endoscopy
California Pacific Medical Center, San Francisco
Steven Bird, MD, FACEP
Professor of Emergency Medicine
University of Massachusetts Medical School
Marc Birkhahn, MD
Urologie am Ring
Cologne
John D Bisognano, MD, PhD
Professor of Medicine and Cardiology
University of Michigan Medical Center
Edward A Bittner, MD, PhD, MSEd, FCCM
Associate Professor of Anaesthesia
Harvard Medical School
Alain Bitton, MD, FRCPC
Professor of Medicine
McGill University and McGill University Health Centre
Peter Black, MD, FACS, FRCSC
Khosrowshahi Chair in Bladder Cancer Research
Professor
Department of Urologic Sciences
University of British Columbia
Vancouver Prostate Centre
James H Black, III, MD
Chief of Vascular Surgery and Endovascular Therapy
Johns Hopkins Hospital
Peter J Blankestijn, MD
Professor in Nephrology
University Medical Center, Utrecht, The Netherlands
Jeffrey Blatnik, MD
Associate Professor of Surgery
Washington University School of Medicine
Philip E Blazar, MD
Professor of Orthopedic Surgery
Harvard Medical School
Ronald Bleday, MD
Associate Professor of Surgery
Harvard Medical School
Wissam Bleibel, MD
Instructor in Medicine
University of Virginia
Joshua Bleier, MD, FACS, FASCRS
Professor of Surgery
University of Pennsylvania, Perelman School of Medicine
Ira J Bleiweiss, MD
Professor of Pathology
Perelman School of Medicine
University of Pennsylvania
Subspecialty Director, Breast Pathology
Section of Surgical Pathology
Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania
Anthony Bleyer, MD, MS
Professor of Internal Medicine/Nephrology
Wake Forest University School of Medicine
Paul D Blumenthal, MD, MPH
Professor of Obstetrics and Gynecology
Director, Family Planning Services and Research
Stanford University Medical Center
Bernard H Bochner, MD
Attending Surgeon, Urology Service
Vice Chairman, Department of Surgery
Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center
Professor of Urology
Weill Medical College of Cornell University
Blake Reid Boggess, DO, FAAFP
Professor of Orthopedic Surgery
Duke Sports Medicine Team Physician
Duke University Medical Center
Adam J Bograd, MD
Attending Thoracic Surgeon
Swedish Cancer Institute
Sabine Bohnacker, MD
GRN Medical Center, Sinsheim
Bergstrasse Medical Center, Heppenheim
University Hospital Heidelberg, Germany
Georgina Bojczuk, RD, CSP
Clinical Dietitian
Oishei Children's Hospital of Buffalo
Jean L Bolognia, MD
Professor of Dermatology
Yale University School of Medicine
Robert Bona, MD
Professor of Medicine (Hematology)
Yale University School of Medicine
Marc P Bonaca, MD, MPH, FAHA, FACC
Professor of Medicine, Cardiology & Vascular Medicine
Director of Vascular Research, University of Colorado SOM
Peter A L Bonis, MD
Chief Medical Officer of Clinical Effectiveness (UpToDate, Clinical Drug Information, and Emmi Solutions)
Deputy Editor — Gastroenterology/Hepatology
Adjunct Professor of Medicine
Tufts University School of Medicine
Janina B Bonwich, MD, FACS
Assistant Professor
Department of Surgery, UAMS
Laurence M Boon, MD, PhD
Coordinator of the Center for Vascular Malformations
Division of Plastic Surgery
Cliniques Universitaires St Luc, Catholic University of Louvain
Brian Boone, MD
Assistant Professor of Surgery and Immunology
West Virginia University
Liliana Bordeianou, MD, MPH
Professor of Surgery
Harvard Medical School
Joseph G Borer, MD, FAAP, FACS
Associate Professor in Surgery (Urology)
Harvard Medical School
Director of Bladder Exstrophy Program
Boston Children's Hospital
Director of Neurourology and Urodynamics
Boston Children's Hospital
Barry A Borlaug, MD
Section Editor — Heart Failure
Professor of Medicine
Mayo Clinic College of Medicine
Saideep Bose, MD, MPH
Assistant Professor, Division of Vascular Surgery
Saint Louis University
Robin Boushey, MD
Assistant Professor of Surgery
University of Ottawa
Athos Bousvaros, MD
Professor of Pediatrics
Harvard Medical School
Steven Paul Bowers, MD
Professor of Surgery
Mayo Clinic College of Medicine
Kevin J Bozic, MD, MBA
Chair of the Department of Surgery and Perioperative Care
Professor of Orthopedic Surgery
The Dell Medical School at the University of Texas at Austin
Kari P Braaten, MD, MPH
Assistant Professor of Obstetrics, Gynecology and Reproductive Biology
Harvard Medical School
Linda D Bradley, MD
Professor
Obstetrics/Gynecology and Reproductive Biology
Cleveland Clinic Lerner College of Medicine
Robert W Bradsher, Jr, MD
Professor of Medicine
University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences
John C Brancato, MD, FAAP, FACEP
Associate Professor of Pediatrics and Emergency Medicine
University of Connecticut School of Medicine
Division Head, Emergency Medicine
Connecticut Children's Medical Center
Mary L Brandt, MD, MDiv
Baylor College of Medicine
Distinguished Emeritus Professor
Surgery, Pediatrics, and Medical Ethics
Mats Brännström, MD, PhD
Professor of Obstetrics and Gynecology
University of Gothenburg, Sweden
William O Brant, MD, FACS, FECSM
Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Salt Lake City, UT
Jonathan D Braun, MD
Assistant Professor of Surgery
Michael E. DeBakey Department of Surgery
Division of Vascular Surgery and Endovascular Therapy
Baylor College of Medicine
Glenn D Braunstein, MD
Professor of Medicine Emeritus, David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA
Arturo Bravo, MD
Assistant Professor
Texas A&M University, College of Medicine
Tom Brazelton, MD, MPH, FAAP
Professor of Pediatrics
University of Wisconsin School of Medicine and Public Health
Elizabeth Breen, MD
Staff Surgeon, Lahey Hospital and Medical Center
Daniel C Brennan, MD, FACP
Editor-in-Chief — Nephrology
Section Editor — Kidney Transplantation
Professor of Medicine
Medical Director and Co-Director of the Comprehensive Transplant Center, Department of Internal Medicine, Division of Nephrology
Johns Hopkins Medical School
Joel S Brenner, MD, MPH
Professor of Pediatrics, Sports Medicine
Eastern Virginia Medical School
Megan Brenner, MD, MS, RPVI, FACS
Professor of Surgery
David Geffen School of Medicine
University of California Los Angeles
Tim Brenner, PharmD, BCOP
Clinical Pharmacy Specialist
UPMC Cancer Centers
Gregory A Brent, MD
Professor of Medicine and Physiology
David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA
Cristina Brickman, MD, MSCE
Assistant Clinical Professor of Medicine
University of California, San Francisco
Hannah R Briemberg, MD, FRCPC
Clinical Professor
University of British Columbia
Bruce E Brockstein, MD
Section Editor — Cancer of the Head and Neck
Clinical Professor of Medicine
University of Chicago Pritzker School of Medicine
David C Brooks, MD
Associate Professor of Surgery
Harvard Medical School
David P Brown, DO
Clinical Professor
Rutgers-Robert Wood Johnson Medical School
Piscataway, NJ
Jean M Bruch, DMD, MD
Chief, Otolaryngology
Department of Veterans Affairs
Medical Center
L. Michael Brunt, MD
Pruett Professor of Surgery
Washington University in St. Louis
Glenn J Bubley, MD
Associate Professor of Medicine
Harvard Medical School
Edward P Buchanan, MD
Section Editor — Pediatric Plastic Surgery
Associate Professor
Baylor College of Medicine
Terry L Buchmiller, MD
Associate Professor
Harvard Medical School
W Donald Buie, MD
Associate Professor of Surgery, Department of Surgery and Oncology
University of Calgary
Dorothy I Bulas, MD
Professor of Radiology and Pediatrics
Children’s National Hospital
The George Washington University Medical Center
John M Burkart, MD
Section Editor — Dialysis
Emeritus Professor of Medicine/Nephrology
Wake Forest School of Medicine
Christopher R Burke, MD
Assistant Professor of Cardiac Surgery
University of Washington
Clay Cothren Burlew, MD, FACS
Program Director, SCC & TACS Fellowships
Division of GI, Trauma, and Endocrine Surgery
Department of Surgery, University of Colorado
Kenneth D Burman, MD
Professor, Department of Medicine
Georgetown University Medical Center
Patrick R Burns, DPM
Foot and Ankle Reconstructive Surgery
West Virginia University Medicine
Marcus Burnstein, MD, MSc, FRCSC
Associate Professor of Surgery
University of Toronto
Harold J Burstein, MD, PhD
Section Editor — Breast Cancer
Professor of Medicine
Harvard Medical School
Barbara Burtness, MD
Professor of Medicine,
Yale University School of Medicine
Nicholas BuSaba, MD, FACS
Associate Professor of Otolaryngology
Harvard Medical School
Jan Buter, MD, PhD
Department of Medical Oncology,
Amsterdam UMC,
Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam
Manish J Butte, MD, PhD
Professor and Division Chief
Division of Immunology, Allergy, and Rheumatology
Departments of Pediatrics and Microbiology, Immunology, and Molecular Genetics
University of California, Los Angeles
Antonio C Buzaid, MD
General Medical Director,
Centro Oncologico Antonio Ermirio de Moraes,
Beneficencia Portuguesa de Sao Paulo, Brazil
Enrico Cagliero, MD
Associate Professor of Medicine
Harvard Medical School
Brian T Caldwell, MD
Assistant Professor, Pediatric Urology
University of Colorado School of Medicine
Children's Hospital Colorado
Kristine Calhoun, MD
Associate Professor
University of Washington
Michael Camilleri, MD
Professor of Medicine, Pharmacology, and Physiology
Mayo Clinic College of Medicine
Judith R Campbell, MD
Professor of Pediatric Infectious Diseases
Baylor College of Medicine
Steven C Campbell, MD, PhD
Glickman Urological and Kidney Institute
Cleveland Clinic
Jeremy W Cannon, MD, FACS
Professor of Surgery
Perelman School of Medicine
University of Pennsylvania
Louis R Caplan, MD
Professor of Neurology
Harvard Medical School
Andrés Cárdenas, MD, PhD, MMSc, AGAF, FAASLD
Institut de Malalties Digestives i Metaboliques
Hospital Clinic, Barcelona, Spain
University of Barcelona
Lisa A Carey, MD
Professor of Medicine
University of North Carolina
Lineberger Comprehensive Cancer Center
Robert L Carithers, Jr, MD
Emeritus Professor of Medicine
University of Washington
Denise M Carneiro-Pla, MD, FACS
Professor of Surgery
Medical University of South Carolina
Jeffrey P Carpenter, MD
Professor and Chairman
Department of Surgery, Cooper Medical School of Rowan University
Shamus R Carr, MD, FACS
Thoracic Surgeon and Research Physician
Bethesda, MD
J Emilio Carrillo, MD, MPH
Clinical Associate Professor of Medicine, Weill Medical College of Cornell University
Clinical Associate Professor, Epidemiology and Health Services Research, Weill Cornell Graduate School of Medical Sciences
Peter R Carroll, MD, MPH
Professor
Department of Urology
University of California, San Francisco
Jeffrey L Carson, MD
Provost, New Brunswick Rutgers Biomedical Health Sciences, Rutgers University
Richard C Reynolds Chair in General Internal Medicine
Distinguished Professor of Medicine
Rutgers Robert Wood Johnson Medical School
Daniela A Carusi, MD, MSc
Associate Professor of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
Harvard Medical School
Richard D Carvajal, MD
Deputy Physician in Chief
Director of Hematology and Medical Oncology
Northwell Health Cancer Institute
Roy J. and Tara Zuckerberg Professor in Medical Oncology
Donald and Barbara Zucker School of Medicine at Hofstra/Northwell
Associate Clinical Member
Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory Cancer Center
A Lee Cashman, RN, CWON
Wound and Ostomy Nurse
Baptist MD Anderson Cancer Center
Alessandro Casini, MD
Division of Angiology and Hemostasis
Department of Medicine
University of Geneva
Elizabeth Casserly, PharmD, BCPS
Pain Management Clinical Pharmacist
Cleveland Clinic
Marc F Catalano, MD, FACG, FACP, FASGE, AGAF
The University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston
Professor of Medicine, Department of Internal Medicine, Division of Gastroenterology
Assistant Division Chief, Memorial Hermann Southeast Endoscopy & Chief of Therapeutic Endoscopy
Director of UT-MHH Advanced Endoscopy Training Program
Jimmy Caudell, MD, PhD
Associate Member and Section Chief of Head & Neck/Endocrine Radiation Oncology
Moffitt Cancer Center
David Cave, MD, PhD
Associate Physician
Brigham and Women's Hospital,
Senior Lecturer
Harvard Medical School
Marcelle I Cedars, MD
Chief of the Division of Endocrinology and Infertility
University of California, San Francisco
John Chabot, MD
David V. Habif Professor of Surgery
Columbia University Medical Center
Rabih A Chaer, MD
Professor of Surgery
The University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine
Anees B Chagpar, MD, MSc, MA, MPH, MBA, FACS, FRCS(C)
Section Editor — Breast Surgery
Professor, Department of Surgery
Yale University School of Medicine
A Bapsi Chakravarthy, MD, FASTRO
Professor
Vanderbilt University
Bradley J Champagne, MD, FACS, FASCRS
Chairman of Surgery, Fairview Hospital
Director of Services, DDSI West Region
Professor of Surgery- Cleveland Clinic Lerner School of Medicine
Medical Director of Fairview Ambulatory Surgery Center
Annie On On Chan, MD
Hong Kong Sanatorium & Hospital
Department of Medicine
University of Hong Kong
Anthony TC Chan, MD
Professor of Clinical Oncology
Prince of Wales Hospital
The Chinese University of Hong Kong
Jennifer Ang Chan, MD, MPH
Dana-Farber Cancer Institute
Yee-Ming Chan, MD, PhD
Associate Professor of Pediatrics, Harvard Medical School
Division of Endocrinology, Boston Children's Hospital
Eric I Chang, MD, FACS
Clinical Associate Professor
Department of Surgery
Division of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
Hackensack Meridian School of Medicine at Seton Hall University
Plastic and Reconstructive Surgeon
The Institute for Advanced Reconstruction at The Plastic Surgery Center
Shiliang Chang, MD
Assistant Professor
Oregon Health & Science University
Jason Chang Pik Eu, MBBS, MRCP
Department of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
Singapore General Hospital
Associate Professor
Duke-NUS Graduate Medical School Singapore
Nelson J Chao, MD
Section Editor — Bone Marrow Transplantation
Professor of Medicine
Duke University School of Medicine
Arlene B Chapman, MD
Professor of Medicine
University of Chicago Pritzker School of Medicine
Adam S Cheifetz, MD
Professor of Medicine
Harvard Medical School
Wenliang Chen, MD, PhD
Senior Deputy Editor — General Surgery
Hugo Quinny Cheng, MD
Clinical Professor of Medicine
Division of Hospital Medicine
Department of Medicine
University of California, San Francisco
Albert T Cheung, MD
Professor of Anesthesia
Stanford University School of Medicine
Dennis S Chi, MD
Professor, Weill Cornell Medical College
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology
Member, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center
Gynecology Service, Department of Surgery
Stephen Chia, MD, FRCPC
Professor of Medicine
British Columbia Cancer Agency
Murali Chintagumpala, MD
Professor of Pediatric Hematology and Oncology
Baylor College of Medicine
Rowan T Chlebowski, MD, PhD
Chief, Division of Medical Oncology and Hematology
Harbor-UCLA Medical Center
Torrance, CA
Sanjiv Chopra, MD, MACP
Editor-in-Chief — Gastroenterology and Hepatology
Section Editor — General Hepatology; Gallbladder and Biliary Tract Disease
Professor of Medicine
Harvard Medical School
Senior Consultant in Hepatology
Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center
Marshall Wolf Master Clinician Educator
Brigham and Women's Hospital
Vineet Chopra, MD, MSc
Robert W. Schrier Chair of Medicine
Professor of Medicine
University of Colorado School of Medicine
Toni K Choueiri, MD
Director, The Lank Center for Genitourinary Oncology
Dana-Farber Cancer Institute and Brigham and Women's Hospital
Professor of Medicine
Harvard Medical School
Anthony W Chow, MD, FRCPC, FACP
Professor Emeritus of Medicine
University of British Columbia
Cindy W Christian, MD
Professor of Pediatrics
Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania
Ashley B Christmas, MD, FACS
Professor of Surgery
Wake Forest University School of Medicine
Rashmi Chugh, MD
Professor of Medicine
University of Michigan Medical School
Daniel C Chung, MD
Professor of Medicine
Harvard Medical School
Jayer Chung, MD, MSc
Associate Professor
Baylor College of Medicine
Kevin C Chung, MD, MS
Chief of Hand Surgery
Charles B.G de Nancrede Professor of Surgery
University of Michigan Health System
Jay P Ciezki, MD
Staff Physician
Cleveland Clinic Department of Radiation Oncology
Robert R Cima, MD, MA, FACS, FASCRS
Professor of Surgery
Mayo Clinic
Thomas E Clancy, MD
Associate Professor of Surgery
Harvard Medical School
Jeffrey W Clark, MD
Associate Professor of Medicine
Harvard Medical School
Samuel O Clarke, MD, MAS
Associate Professor, Department of Emergency Medicine
University of California, Davis
J Quentin Clemens, MD, FACS, MSCI
Professor of Urology
Director, Division of Neurourology and Pelvic Reconstructive Surgery
University of Michigan Medical Center
Mark W Clemens, MD, FACS
Professor of Plastic Surgery, Associate Vice President
MD Anderson Cancer Center, University of Texas
Nathan Clendenen, MD, MS
Assistant Professor of Anesthesiology
University of Colorado, Denver
Gilles Clermont, MDCM, MSc
Professor
Department of Critical Care Medicine
University of Pittsburgh
Jonathan Cohen, MD
Clinical Professor of Medicine
New York University School of Medicine
Mitchell J Cohen, MD, FACS
Professor and Vice Chair of Surgery
University of Colorado School of Medicine
Zane Cohen, MD, FRCSC
Professor of Surgery
University of Toronto
Sarah L Cohen Rassier, MD, MPH
Division of Minimally Invasive Gynecologic Surgery
Mayo Clinic
Steven L Cohn, MD, MACP, SFHM, FRCP
Professor Emeritus, University of Miami Miller School of Medicine
Clinical Professor Emeritus, SUNY Downstate
Dawn M Coleman, MD
Handleman Research Professor
Associate Professor of Surgery and Pediatrics & Communicable Diseases
Program Director, Integrated Vascular Surgery Residency and Fellowship
University of Michigan Department of Surgery
Felipe B Collares, MD
Assistant Professor of Radiology
University of Central Florida
Kathryn A Collins, MD, PhD, FACS
Senior Deputy Editor — General Surgery
Laura C Collins, MD
Professor of Pathology
Harvard Medical School
Vice Chair of Anatomic Pathology
Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Boston
Henri G Colt, MD
Section Editor — Interventional Pulmonology
Professor Emeritus
University of California
Christopher Colwell, MD
Chief of Emergency Medicine
Zuckerberg San Francisco General Hospital and Trauma Center
Professor and Vice-Chair, Department of Emergency Medicine
University of California at San Francisco School of Medicine
Steven E Come, MD
Associate Professor of Medicine
Harvard Medical School
Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center
Craig V Comiter, MD
Professor of Urology, Professor of Obstetrics and Gynecology
Stanford University School of Medicine
Carolyn C Compton, MD, PhD
Professor
Arizona State University
Michelle V Conde, MD
Clinical Professor of Medicine
University of Texas Health Science Center
San Antonio
Heidi M Connolly, MD, FACC, FASE
Section Editor — Congenital Heart Disease
Professor of Medicine
Mayo Medical School
Kavitha Conti, MD
Associate Professor of Pediatrics
University of Pittsburgh, School of Medicine
Darwin L Conwell, MD, MS
Professor and Chair
Department of Internal Medicine
Jack M. Gill Endowed Chair in Internal Medicine
University of Kentucky College of Medicine
Suzanne D Conzen, MD
Professor of Medicine
Chief, Division of Hematology and Oncology
UT Southwestern Medical Center
Christopher S Cooper, MD, FACS, FAAP
Professor and Vice Chairman of Urology
Director of Pediatric Urology
Senior Associate Dean for Medical Education
Tyrone D. Artz Chair in Urology
University of Iowa College of Medicine
Joshua Copel, MD
Professor
Obstetrics, Gynecology and the Reproductive Sciences, and Pediatrics
Yale School of Medicine
Annesley W Copeland, MD, FACS
Associate Professor of Surgery
Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences (USUHS)
Casey M Cosgrove, MD
Assistant Professor of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Division of Gynecologic Oncology
The Ohio State University Wexner Medical Center
Guido Costamagna, MD, FACG
Professor of Surgery
Universita Cattolica del Sacro Cuore, Rome
Richard J Cote, MD, FRCPath
Professor and Chair,
Department of Pathology and Immunology
Pathologist-in-Chief, Barnes-Jewish Hospital
Jeffrey Coughenour, MD, FACS
Associate Professor
Acute Care Surgery, University of Missouri
M Laurin Council, MD
Associate Professor of Medicine
Washington University in St. Louis
Gary M Cox, MD
Professor of Medicine
Duke University Medical Center
Joseph P Cravero, MD
Professor of Anaesthesia
Harvard Medical School
Boston Children's Hospital
Mark A Creager, MD, FAHA, FACC, MSVM
Section Editor — Vascular Medicine
Heart and Vascular Center
Dartmouth-Hitchcock Medical Center
Professor of Medicine
Geisel School of Medicine at Dartmouth
Kendall P Crookston, MD, PhD
Emeritus Professor of Pathology & Internal Medicine
University of New Mexico School of Medicine
Mark Crowther, MD, MSc
Section Editor — Hemostasis and Thrombosis
Professor of Medicine and Pathology & Molecular Medicine
St Joseph’s Hospital and McMaster University
Brett L Cucchiara, MD
Professor of Neurology
University of Pennsylvania Medical Center
Adam Cuker, MD, MS
Associate Professor of Medicine, Associate Professor of Pathology & Laboratory Medicine
Perelman School of Medicine University of Pennsylvania
Gary C Curhan, MD, ScD
Section Editor — Chronic Kidney Disease
Editor-in-Chief Emeritus
Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology
Professor of Medicine
Harvard Medical School
Clara Curiel-Lewandrowski, MD
Associate Professor of Dermatology
Arizona Cancer Center, University of Arizona
Steven A Curley, MD, FACS
Oncology Institute Director,
Christus Trinity Clinic
Clinical Professor of Surgery,
Baylor College of Medicine
Michael P Curry, MD
Professor of Medicine
Harvard Medical School
James C Cusack, Jr, MD
Researcher
Harvard Medical School
Donald Cutlip, MD
Section Editor — Interventional Cardiology
Professor of Medicine
Harvard Medical School
Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center
Ronald L Dalman, MD
Chidester Professor of Surgery
Stanford University School of Medicine
Allison Dalton, MD
Associate Professor, Department of Anesthesia and Critical Care
University of Chicago
Siamak Daneshmand, MD
Professor of Urology and Medicine (Oncology)
Director of Urologic Oncology
University of Southern California
Philip D Darney, MD, MSc
Distinguished Professor, Obstetrics, Gynecology and Reproductive Sciences and Health Policy, Emeritus
University of California, San Francisco
Mark G Davies, MD, PhD, MBA, FACS, FACC
Professor of Surgery and Chair
Department of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery
Ascension Health
Waco, Texas
Brian J Davis, MD, PhD
Professor of Radiation Oncology
Mayo Clinic and Foundation
Jeremy L Davis, MD, FACS
Associate Research Physician, Center for Cancer Research, National Cancer Institute
Associate Professor, Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences
Joshua Davis, PhD, MBBS, FRACP
Infectious Diseases Physician and Professor
School of Medicine and Public Health, University of Newcastle
NSW, Australia
Nancy A Dawson, MD
Professor of Medicine
Lombardi Comprehensive Cancer Center
Georgetown University
Marcus D'Ayala, MD
Professor of Surgery
Texas Christian University
Attending Surgeon
Texas Health Harris Methodist Hospital
Richard J de Asla, MD
Orthopedic Consultant
Massachusetts General Hospital
Instructor
Harvard Medical School
Marc E De Broe, MD, PhD
Emeritus Professor of Medicine
University of Antwerp, Belgium
Nirupama K De Silva, MD
Clinical Professor
University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center
Peter DeBlieux, MD
Professor of Clinical Medicine
Louisiana State University School of Medicine
Alan H DeCherney, MD
Chief, Reproductive Endocrinology and Gynecology Branch
National Institute of Child Health and Human Development
National Institutes of Health
Christine Dehlendorf, MD, MAS
Professor, Department of Family and Community Medicine
University of California, San Francisco
Giuseppe Del Priore, MD, MPH
Professor
Morehouse School of Medicine
Kenneth DeLay, MD
Teaching Faculty I, Florida State University
Tom Delbanco, MD
John F. Keane & Family Professor of Medicine
Harvard Medical School
Mark H DeLegge, MD, FACG, AGAF
Professor of Medicine
Medical University of South Carolina
David M deLemos, MD
Assistant Professor
Baylor College of Medicine
Alexander M DeLeon, MD
Assistant Professor in Anesthesiology
Northwestern University
Kiley Delgado, MS, CGC
Senior Genetic Counselor
Center for Cancer Risk Assessment (Cancer Genetics)
Massachusetts General Hospital
Steven R DeMeester, MD
Thoracic and Foregut Surgery
The Oregon Clinic
George D Demetri, MD
Professor of Medicine
Harvard Medical School
Todd Demmy, MD
Professor of Oncology
Roswell Park Cancer Institute
Professor of Surgery
State University of New York at Buffalo
Daniel G Deschler, MD, FACS
Section Editor — Otorhinolaryngology
Professor of Otology and Laryngology
Harvard Medical School
Sarasi Desikan, MD
Assistant Professor of Surgery
University of Maryland School of Medicine
Catherine DesRoches, DrPH
Associate Professor of Medicine
Harvard Medical School
PJ Devereaux, MD, PhD
Associate Professor of Medicine, Division of Cardiology
McMaster University
Elisabeth Dexter, MD
Associate Professor of Oncology
Roswell Park Cancer Institute
Associate Professor of Surgery
State University of New York at Buffalo
Navjit Dharampal, MD
Surgical Oncology, Thoracic Surgery
Providence St. Vincent Medical Center
Carlo Di Lorenzo, MD
Professor of Clinical Pediatrics
Ohio State University
Lucia Z Diaz, MD
Assistant Professor of Dermatology and Pediatrics
University of Texas Medical School at Austin
Jose J Diaz, Jr, MD, CNS, FACS, FCCM
Professor of Surgery
Director, Regional Trauma Program
Director of the Surgical/Trauma ICU & Surgical Step-down Unit
Chief, Division Acute Care Surgery
University of South Florida/Tampa General Hospital
César Díaz-García, MD
Honorary Clinical Senior Lecturer
School of Medicine, Dentistry & Nursing
University of Glasgow
John K DiBaise, MD
Professor of Medicine
Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology
Mayo Clinic in Arizona
Steven J DiBiase, MD
Chief of Service
Department of Radiation Oncology
New York-Presbyterian Queens
Vice Chairman and Associate Professor
Weill Cornell Medical College
Paxton V Dickson, MD
Associate Professor of Surgery
University of Tennessee Health Science Center
West Cancer Center
Justin T Diedrich, MD, MSCI, FACOG
Associate Director of Family Planning
Eden Surgical
Kathryn Diemer, MD
Professor of Medicine, Clinical Director, Bone Health Program
Division of Bone and Mineral Diseases, Washington University School of Medicine
Deborah B Diercks, MD, MSc
Professor and Chair of Emergency Medicine
University of Texas Southwestern, Dallas
Christoph F Dietrich, MD, MBA
Professor of Medicine, Johann Wolfgang Goethe-University
Frankfurt & Kliniken Hirslanden Beau Site, Salem und Permancence
Ellen D Dillavou, MD
Section Editor — Arterial and Venous Access
Division Chief of Vascular Surgery for Wake Med Hospitals
Raleigh, North Carolina
J Michael Dixon, MD
Professor of Surgery and Consultant Surgeon
Edinburgh University
Steven G Docimo, MD
Executive Vice President, Business Development, and Strategy
Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia
James M Donahue, MD
Associate Professor of Surgery
University of Alabama at Birmingham
Timothy F Donahue, MD
Associate Attending Surgeon, Urology Service
Department of Surgery
Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center
Associate Professor of Urology
Weill Medical College of Cornell University
Timothy R Donahue, MD
Professor of Surgery
UCLA School of Medicine
Kevin Donohoe, MD
Assistant Professor of Radiology
Harvard Medical School
Tanya B Dorff, MD
Associate Clinical Professor
Department of Medical Oncology and Developmental Therapeutics
City of Hope
Scott R Dorfman, MD
Associate Professor of Radiology
Baylor College of Medicine
Shira Doron, MD, FIDSA, FSHEA
Associate Professor of Medicine
Tufts University School of Medicine
Hasan H Dosluoglu, MD, FACS
Professor of Surgery
Chief of Vascular Surgery, Jacobs School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences
State University of New York at Buffalo
Chief of Surgery and Vascular Surgery, VA Western New York Healthcare System
Buffalo, NY
Chyke Doubeni, MD, FRCS, MPH
Professor of Family and Community Medicine
Klotz Chair in Cancer Research
Chief Health Equity Officer
Associate Director for DEI
OSU Comprehensive Cancer Center
The Ohio State University Wexner Medical Center
Jay J Doucet, MD, FRCSC, FACS
Professor of Surgery
University of California San Diego
Pamela S Douglas, MD
Ursula Geller Professor of Research in Cardiovascular Diseases
Duke University Medical Center
James D Douketis, MD, FRCPC, FACP, FCCP
Section Editor — Disorders of Hemostasis and Coagulation
Professor, Department of Medicine
McMaster University
Adam Doyle, MD, RPVI, FACS, FSVS
Associate Professor of Surgery, Division of Vascular Surgery
University of Rochester School of Medicine and Dentistry
D John Doyle, MD, PhD
Consultant Anesthesiologist and Professor Emeritus
Cleveland Clinic / Case Western Reserve University
Monica Dragoman, MD, MPH
System Director, Complex Family Planning
Program Director, Complex Family Planning Fellowship
Raquel and Jaime Gilinski Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Science
Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai
Mount Sinai Health System
Marcia S Driscoll, MD, PharmD
Associate Professor of Dermatology
University of Maryland School of Medicine
Jan E Drutz, MD
Section Editor — General Pediatrics
Professor Emeritus of Pediatrics
Baylor College of Medicine
Maciej Dryjski, MD, PhD, FACS
Professor & Vice Chairman
Department of Surgery, University at Buffalo
Director of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery
Kaleida Health
Anette Duensing, MD
Assistant Professor of Pathology
University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine
Shrina Duggal, PharmD, BCOP
Clinical Pharmacy Specialist
UPMC Cancer Centers
Christopher Duggan, MD, MPH
Meltzer Professor of Pediatrics, Harvard Medical School
Division of Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Nutrition
Boston Children's Hospital
Antoni J Duleba, MD
Professor
University of California San Diego
Caryn Dutton, MD, MS
Assistant Professor of Obstetrics, Gynecology and Reproductive Biology
Harvard Medical School
Peter Dziewulski, MD, FRCS
Consultant in Plastic Surgery and Burns
St. Andrews Centre for Plastic Surgery and Burns, Essex, UK
Kim A Eagle, MD, MACC
Albion Walter Hewlett Professor of Internal Medicine
University of Michigan
Morven S Edwards, MD
Section Editor — Pediatric Infectious Diseases
Professor of Pediatrics
Baylor College of Medicine
Niloo M Edwards, MD
Professor of Surgery
Boston University
Jason A Efstathiou, MD, DPhil
Professor of Radiation Oncology, Harvard Medical School
Associate Radiation Oncologist, Massachusetts General Hospital
Alexia Egloff, MD
Pediatric Radiologist & Neuroradiologist
Centre for the Developing Brain, King's College London
St. Thomas' Hospital, United Kingdom
Jan Ehrenwerth, MD
Professor Emeritus, Department of Anesthesiology
Yale University School of Medicine
As'ad Ehtisham, MD, MBBS, FAHA
Vascular Neurology, Stroke & Neuro Critical Care Program
Banner Thunderbird Medical Center
John F Eidt, MD
Section Editor — Vascular and Endovascular Surgery
Professor of Surgery, Texas A&M Health Science Center
Vice Chair of Vascular Surgical Services, Baylor Heart and Vascular Hospital at Dallas
Naveen Eipe, MBBS, MD
Staff Anesthesiologist
The Ottawa Hospital
Associate Professor
Department of Anesthesiology & Pain Medicine
University of Ottawa
Avraham Eisbruch, MD
Professor Emeritus of Radiation Oncology
University of Michigan
Howard J Eisen, MD, FACC, FAHA, FHFSA, FAST
Professor of Medicine
Thomas Jefferson University
Philadelphia, PA
Matthew Eisenberg, MD, MPH
Assistant Professor of Pediatrics and Emergency Medicine
Harvard Medical School
Arij El Khatib, MD
Plastic Surgeon
Centre hospitalier de l’Université de Montréal
Ghada El-Hajj Fuleihan, MD, MPH, FRCP
Professor of Medicine
Director Calcium Metabolism and Osteoporosis Program
Director Scholars in HeAlth Research Program
American University of Beirut Medical Center, Lebanon
John C Elkas, MD, JD
Associate Professor
Inova Teaching Faculty
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology
Virginia Commonwealth University
Andrew I Elkwood, MD, MBA, FACS
Plastic and Reconstructive Surgeon
The Institute for Advanced Reconstruction at The Plastic Surgery Center
Founder and Co-Director
Center for Treatment of Paralysis & Reconstructive Nerve Surgery
Hackensack Meridian Health, Jersey Shore University Medical Center
C Neal Ellis, MD, FACS, FASCRS, FACG
Professor of Surgery
Touro University Nevada
Jonathan S Ellison, MD
Assistant Professor, Pediatric Urology
Children's Hospital of Wisconsin & Medical College of Wisconsin
James C Ellsmere, MD, MSc, FRCSC
Associate Professor of Surgery
Dalhousie University
Joann G Elmore, MD, MPH
Editor-in-Chief — Primary Care (Adult)
Section Editor — General Medicine
Professor of Medicine, David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA
Kate Elzinga, MD
Plastic Surgery
University of Calgary
Kevin Emerick, MD
Assistant Professor in the Department of Otology and Laryngology
Harvard Medical School
Michael Emmett, MD
Editor-in-Chief — Nephrology
Section Editor — Fluid and Electrolytes
Chief of Internal Medicine
Baylor University Medical Center
Fabian Emura, MD, PhD
Associate Professor of Medicine
Universidad de La Sabana
Erin E Endom, MD
Assistant Professor of Pediatrics
Baylor College of Medicine
Cathy Eng, MD, FACP, FASCO
David H. Johnson Endowed Chair in Surgical and Medical Oncology
Professor of Medicine, Hematology and Oncology
Co-Chairman, NCI GI Steering Committee
Co-Director, GI Oncology
Co-Leader, GI Cancer Research Program
Director, Young Adult Cancers Program
Vanderbilt-Ingram Cancer Center
Christopher S Ennen, MD
Maternal-Fetal Medicine Staff
Assistant Professor of Obstetrics and Gynecology
University of Virginia School of Medicine
Scott K Epstein, MD
Professor of Medicine
Tufts University School of Medicine
Laura J Esserman, MD, MBA
Professor of Surgery and Radiology
University of California, San Francisco
Director
UCSF Carol Franc Buck Breast Care Center
Yana Etkin, MD, FACS
Associate Professor of Surgery and Program Director of Vascular Surgery Fellowship
Zucker School of Medicine at Hofstra/Northwell
Arthur T Evans, MD, MPH
Professor of Medicine
NewYork-Presbyterian Hospital
Weill Cornell Medicine
Heather L Evans, MD, MS
Professor of Surgery
Vice Chair of Clinical Research and Applied Informatics
Department of Surgery
Medical University of South Carolina
Karen Evans, MD
Professor
Georgetown University Medical Center
Andrew J Eyre, MD, MS
Instructor, Emergency Medicine, Harvard Medical School
Medical Director, STRATUS Center for Medical Simulation, Brigham and Women’s Hospital
Robert C Eyre, MD
Corresponding Member of the Faculty of Surgery
Harvard Medical School
Izak Faiena, MD
Department of Urology,
Columbia University Medical Center
Tommaso Falcone, MD, FRCSC, FACOG
Section Editor — Minimally Invasive Gynecologic Surgery
Professor of Obstetrics and Gynecology
Cleveland Clinic Lerner College of Medicine
Jay L Falk, MD
Professor of Emergency Medicine
Florida State University College of Medicine
Scott A Falk, MD
Associate Professor of Clinical Anesthesiology and Critical Care
University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine
Pietro Familiari, MD, PhD
GI Endoscopy Consultant at Gemelli University Hospital, Rome, Italy
Clinical lecturer in Gastroenterology at Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore, Rome, Italy
John Fang, MD
Professor of Medicine
University of Utah Health
Mark Faries, MD, FACS
Professor of Surgery
Cedars-Sinai Medical Center and The Angeles Clinic and Research Institute
Jeanne Farnan, MD, MHPE
Professor of Medicine
University of Chicago
Francis A Farraye, MD, MSc
Professor of Medicine
Mayo Clinic School of Medicine
Caitlin Farrell, MD
Assistant Professor of Pediatrics and Emergency Medicine
Division of Emergency Medicine, Boston Children's Hospital
Richard J Farrell, MD
Gastroenterology Consultant, Connolly Hospital
Clinical Professor of Medicine, Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland
Ronnie Fass, MD
AGA Peer Reviewer
Professor of Medicine
Case Western Reserve University
Pedram Fatehi, MD, MPH
Clinical Associate Professor of Medicine
Stanford University School of Medicine
Ashraf Fayad, MD, FRCPC, FFARCSI, FACC, FASE
Site Chief, University Hospital
Department of Anesthesiology & Perioperative Medicine
London Health Sciences Centre / St. Joseph’s Health Care
Associate Professor, Schulich School of Medicine & Dentistry
Western University
Sara B Fazio, MD
Professor of Medicine
Harvard Medical School
Luigi Fedele, MD
Emeritus Professor of Gynecology and Obstetrics
Obstetrics and Gynecology
University of Milan, Italy
Peter F Fedullo, MD
Clinical Professor of Medicine
University of California San Diego Medical Center
Jessica Feinleib, MD, PhD
Assistant Professor of Anesthesiology
Yale School of Medicine
Jared W Feinman, MD, FASE
Associate Professor of Anesthesiology and Critical Care
University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine
Thomas Fekete, MD
Professor of Medicine and Microbiology
Temple University School of Medicine
Darren Feldman, MD
Section Editor — Testicular Cancer
Associate Attending Physician
Department of Medicine, Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center
Associate Professor in Medicine, Weill Cornell Medical College
Eva L Feldman, MD, PhD
Professor of Neurology
University of Michigan Medical Center
Mary Feng, MD
Professor of Radiation Oncology
University of California at San Francisco
Carlos Fernandez-del Castillo, MD
Professor of Surgery
Harvard Medical School
Cecile Ferrando, MD, MPH
Associate Professor of Obstetrics and Gynecology & Reproductive Biology, Center for Urogynecology and Pelvic Reconstructive Surgery
Obstetrics, Gynecology & Women's Health Institute
Cleveland Clinic
Pietro Manuel Ferraro, MD, MSc, PhD, FERA
Full Professor of Nephrology
Section of Nephrology
Department of Medicine
Università degli Studi di Verona
Stephen J Ferzoco, MD
Chief of General Surgery
Atrius Health
Alessandro Fichera, MD, FACS, FASCRS
Clinical Professor of Medical Education
Texas A&M University
Maria Isabel Fiel, MD, FAASLD
Professor of Pathology
Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai
Scott A Fink, MD, MPH, FACP
Clinical Associate Professor of Medicine
Jefferson Medical College, Philadelphia, PA
Peter E Fischer, MD, MS, NRP
Associate Professor of Surgery & Anesthesia
University of Tennessee Health Science Center Department of Surgery
Laurel Fisher, MD
Professor of Clinical Medicine
Division of Gastroenterology
Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania
Douglas S Fishman, MD
Professor of Pediatrics
Baylor College of Medicine
Mary B Fishman, MD
Professor of Medicine
Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai
Sarah E Fleet, MD
Director, Growth and Nutrition Program
Attending Physician
Boston Children's Hospital, Division of Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition
Instructor of Pediatrics
Harvard Medical School
Lee A Fleisher, MD
Emeritus Professor and Former Chair of Anesthesiology and Critical Care
University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine
Jessica Fleitman, MD
HVICU Director, Penn Presbyterian Hospital
University of Pennsylvania (August 2020)
Fergal Fleming, MD, FRCS
Associate Professor of Surgery and Oncology
Division of Colorectal Surgery
University of Rochester Medical Center
Phillip R Fleshner, MD, FACS
Clinical Professor of Surgery
Cedars-Sinai Medical Center
Grant S Fletcher, MD, MPH
Clinical Associate Professor of Medicine
University of Washington
Justin Floyd, DO
Cancer Care Specialists of Illinois
Evan L Fogel, MD
Professor of Medicine
Indiana University School of Medicine
Cynthia S Fok, MD, MPH
Assistant Professor of Urology
University of Minnesota
Michael L Foreman, MD, FACS
Professor of Surgery
Texas A&M University Health Science Center
Chief, Division of Trauma, Critical Care, and Acute Care Surgery
Baylor University Medical Center Dallas
Christopher E Forsmark, MD
Professor of Medicine and Chief
Division of Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Nutrition
University of Florida
Régine Fortunov, MD
Assistant Professor of Pediatrics
Baylor College of Medicine
Jennifer H Foster, MD, MPH
Assistant Professor of Pediatrics
Baylor College of Medicine, Texas Children's Hospital
Theodoros Foukakis, MD, PhD
Department of Oncology
Karolinska Institutet and University Hospital
Stockholm, Sweden
Caroline E Foust-Wright, MD, MBA
Assistant Professor of Urology/Obstetrics and Gynecology
Tufts School of Medicine
George E Fragoulis, MD
Assistant Professor of Rheumatology – Internal Medicine
University of Athens, Greece
Todd D Francone, MD, MPH, FACS
Staff Surgeon
Lahey Hospital & Medical Center
Assistant Professor of Surgery
Tufts Medical Center
Robert L Frank, MD, FACEP
Clinical Instructor in Emergency Medicine
Eastern Virginia School of Medicine
Charles Fredericks, MD
Trauma and Critical Care Surgeon
San Joaquin General Hospital
Stephen Freedland, MD
Professor of Surgery (Urology)
Director, Center for Integrated Research on Cancer and Lifestyle (CIRCL)
Associate Director, Samuel Oschin Comprehensive Cancer Center
Cedars Sinai Medical Center
Arnold S Freedman, MD
Section Editor — Lymphoproliferative Disorders
Professor of Medicine
Harvard Medical School
Steven D Freedman, MD, PhD
Professor of Medicine
Harvard Medical School
Martin L Freeman, MD
Professor of Medicine
University of Minnesota
Valerie French, MD, MAS
Associate Professor
University of Kansas
Jonathan W Friedberg, MD
Section Editor - Lymphoma
Professor of Medicine
James P Wilmot Cancer Center, University of Rochester
Mark W Friedberg, MD, MPP
Assistant Professor of Medicine, part-time
Brigham and Women's Hospital and Harvard Medical School
Gad Friedman, MD, FRCPC
Assistant Professor of Medicine
McGill University
Lawrence S Friedman, MD
Professor of Medicine
Harvard Medical School and Tufts University School of Medicine
The Anton R. Fried, MD, Chair, Department of Medicine
Newton-Wellesley Hospital
Assistant Chief of Medicine
Massachusetts General Hospital
N Deborah Friedman, MPH, MBBS, FRACP, MD
Associate Professor of Medicine, Infectious Diseases Physician
Barwon Health, Geelong, VIC Australia
Harold Frucht, MD
Former Founding Director
Pancreas Cancer Prevention & Genetics Program
Columbia Colon Cancer Prevention Program
Columbia University
Barry Fuchs, MD
Professor of Medicine
Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania
Eri Fukaya, MD, PhD
Clinical Associate Professor of Surgery
Stanford University
David R Fulton, MD
Section Editor — Pediatric Cardiology
Associate Professor of Pediatrics
Harvard Medical School
Suzanne A.W. Fuqua, PhD
Professor, Departments of Medicine and Molecular Cell Biology
Lester and Sue Smith Breast Center
Baylor College of Medicine
Daniel E Furst, MD
Section Editor — Treatment Issues in Rheumatology
Clinical professor, University of Washington, Seattle
Clinical professor, University of Florence, Florence, Italy
Professor of Rheumatology, University of California in Los Angeles (Emeritus)
Director of Research, Pacific Arthritis Associates
David F Gaieski, MD
Professor
Sidney Kimmel Medical College at Thomas Jefferson University
Rodolfo J Galindo, MD, FACE
Director of the Comprehensive Diabetes Center at University of Miami Health
University of Miami, South Florida
Giovanni Gambaro, MD, PhD
Professor of Nephrology
University of Verona
Seng-Ian Gan, MD, FRCP(C)
Clinical Associate Professor
University of British Columbia
Vancouver, BC, Canada
Alexandra Gangi, MD
Assistant Professor of Surgery
Cedars Sinai Medical Center
Julio Garcia-Aguilar, MD, PhD
Professor of Surgery
Weill Cornell Medical College
Juan Carlos Garcia-Pagán, MD, PhD
Senior Consultant in Hepatology, Head Hepatic Hemodynamic Lab,
Liver Unit, Hospital Clinic, IDIBAPS and CIBERehd
Associate Professor
University of Barcelona
Alan D Garely, MD, FACOG, FACS
Chair of Obstetrics and Gynecology
Director of Urogynecology and Pelvic Reconstructive Surgery
Mount Sinai South Nassau
Professor, Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai
Rockville Centre
Manhattan
Aileen Gariepy, MD, MPH, MHS
Director of Complex Family Planning
Department of Obstetrics & Gynecology
Weill Cornell Medicine
Ivan Garza, MD
Associate Professor of Neurology
Mayo Clinic College of Medicine and Science
Jonathan D Gates, MD, MBA, FACS
Chief, Surgery
Hartford Hospital
Gerd G Gauglitz, MMS, MD
Department of Dermatology and Allergology
Ludwig Maximilians University, Munich, Germany
Mark C Gebhardt, MD
Frederic W. and Jane M. Ilfeld Professor of Orthopedic Surgery
Harvard Medical School
John B Gebhart, MD, MS
Professor
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology
Division of Urogynecology
Mayo Clinic
Daniel Geersen, MPAP, PA-C
Division of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery
Duke University Medical Center
Robert L Geggel, MD
Associate Professor of Pediatrics
Harvard Medical School
Alan C Geller, RN, MPH
Senior Lecturer
Social and Behavioral Sciences
Harvard School of Public Health
Andres Gelrud, MD, MMSc
Associate Professor
Herbert Wertheim College of Medicine
Florida International University
Daniel George, MD
Professor of Medicine and Surgery
Duke University Medical Center
Suku George, MD, MS, MPH, FACP, FACG
Clinical Assistant Professor
Medical College of Georgia
GI Specialists of Georgia
Suzanne George, MD
Associate Professor of Medicine
Harvard Medical School
David M Gershenson, MD
Professor of Gynecologic Oncology
The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center
Jeffrey E Gershenwald, MD, FACS
Medical Director
Melanoma and Skin Center
The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center
Distinguished Senior Lecturer
The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center
UTHealth Houston Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences
Mark Gestring, MD
Professor of Surgery, Emergency Medicine and Pediatrics
University of Rochester School of Medicine
William A Ghali, MD, MPH
Professor
Departments of Medicine and Community Health Sciences
University of Calgary, Canada
Marc J Gibber, MD
Associate Professor
Albert Einstein College of Medicine
Michael K Gibson, MD, PhD, FACP
Associate Professor of Medicine
Director of Translational Research for Head and Neck Oncology
Director of Esophagogastric Malignancies Program
Vanderbilt University
Ramyar Gilani, MD
Associate Professor of Surgery
Baylor College of Medicine
Mark A Gilger, MD
Pediatrician-in-Chief, Emeritus, Children's Hospital of San Antonio
Professor and Residency Program Director, Baylor College of Medicine
Anne C Gill, DrPH, MS, RN
Professor of Pediatrics and Medical Ethics
Baylor College of Medicine
David L Gillespie, MD, DMCC, FACS, MC
Department of Vascular Surgery
Cape Cod Health System
Timothy D Gilligan, MD
Section Editor — Testicular Cancer
Associate Professor of Medicine, Cleveland Clinic Lerner College of Medicine
Vice-Chair for Education, Cleveland Clinic Taussig Cancer Institute
Donna Gilmour, MD, FRCSC
Associate Professor
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology
Dalhousie University
Evan S Glazer, MD, PhD, MPH, FACS
Associate Professor of Surgery
University of Tennessee Health Sciences Center
David B Glick, MD, MBA
Ronald F. Albrecht, MD Professor and Head
Department of Anesthesiology
University of Illinois at Chicago
Matthew R Goede, MD
Associate Professor
Department of Surgery
University of Nebraska Medical Center
Barbara Goff, MD
Section Editor — Gynecologic Oncology
Department Chair, Gynecologic Oncology
Surgeon-in-Chief
University of Washington Medical Center
Eric Goldberg, MD
Associate Professor of Medicine
University of Maryland School of Medicine
Joel E Goldberg, MD, FACS
Assistant Professor of Surgery
Harvard Medical School
S Nahum Goldberg, MD
Director of Abdominal Intervention and Tumor Ablation
Minimally-Invasive Tumor Therapies Laboratory
Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center
Michael A Golden, MD
Associate Professor of Surgery
University of Pennsylvania
David S Goldfarb, MD, FACP, FASN
Professor of Medicine and Physiology
New York University School of Medicine
Larry B Goldstein, MD, FAAN, FANA, FAHA
Professor and Chairman of Neurology
Co-Director, Kentucky Neuroscience Institute
KY Clinic - University of Kentucky
Thomas A Golper, MD
Section Editor — Dialysis
Professor of Medicine
The Robert Larner College of Medicine at the University of Vermont
Emeritus Professor of Medicine
Vanderbilt University Medical Center
Mehra Golshan, MD, MBA, FACS
Professor of Surgery (Oncology)
Yale School of Medicine
David Goltzman, MD
Professor of Medicine
McGill University
Senior Physician, Division of Endocrinology and Department of Medicine
McGill University Health Centre
Camilo R Gomez, MD, MBA
Professor of Neurology
Vascular & Interventional Neurologist
University of Missouri Columbia
Ankush Gosain, MD, PhD, FACS, FAAP
Dr David R and Kiku Akers Endowed Chair in Pediatric Surgery
Chair, Department of Pediatric Surgery
Children’s Hospital of Colorado
Professor & Chief, Division of Pediatric Surgery, Department of Surgery
University of Colorado School of Medicine
Kaoru Goshima, MD
Professor, Surgery
University of Arizona Health Sciences Center
Jon Gould, MD, FACS
Professor of Surgery
Medical College of Wisconsin
Mrinal M Gounder, MD
Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center and Weill Cornell Medical College
William J Gradishar, MD
Professor of Medicine
Feinberg School of Medicine
Northwestern University
David Y Graham, MD
Professor of Medicine
Michael E. DeBakey VAMC and Baylor College of Medicine
Jane M Grant-Kels, MD
Founding Chair, Emeritus, Department of Dermatology
Vice Chair, Department of Dermatology
Professor of Dermatology, Pathology, and Pediatrics
Founding Director, Cutaneous Oncology Center and Melanoma Program
University of Connecticut Health Center
Jermaine E Gray, MD
Professor of Obstetrics and Gynecology
University of Mississippi Medical Center
Alexander R Green, MD, MPH
Family Health Center of Worcester
Arin K Greene, MD
Vascular Anomalies and Pediatric Plastic Surgery Endowed Chair
Boston Children's Hospital
Professor of Surgery
Harvard Medical School
Erin K Greenleaf, MD, MS, FACS
Assistant Professor of Surgery
Division of Vascular Surgery and Endovascular Therapy
Baylor College of Medicine
Alexander J Greenstein, MD, MPH
Assistant Professor of Surgery
Mount Sinai School of Medicine
David A Greenwald, MD, MASGE, FACG
Professor of Medicine
The Mount Sinai Hospital
Jeffrey Greenwald, MD
Massachusetts General Hospital, Core Educator Faculty, Department of Medicine
Associate Professor of Medicine, Harvard Medical School
Forrest Dean Griffen, MD
Professor of Clinical Surgery
Louisiana State University Health Sciences Center
Mark A Gromski, MD
Assistant Professor
Indiana University School of Medicine
Neil D Gross, MD, FACS
Professor, Head and Neck Surgery
MD Anderson Cancer Center
Peter Grubel, MD
MercyOne Medical Center, Gastroenterology
Des Moines, Iowa
Iosif Gulkarov, MD
Assistant Professor of Clinical Cardiothoracic Surgery
Weill Cornell Medicine
James Gulley, MD, PhD, FACP
Director Medical Oncology Service
National Cancer Institute
Naresh T Gunaratnam, MD
Director of Research
St. Joseph Mercy Hospital, Ann Arbor, MI
Aditi Gupta, MD
Associate Professor
University of Kansas Medical Center
Kalpana Gupta, MD, MPH
Professor of Medicine
Boston University School of Medicine
Chief, Infectious Diseases
Boston VA HCS
Shilpa Gupta, MD
Clinical Professor
Cleveland Clinic Lerner College of Medicine at Case Western Reserve University
Director, Genitourinary Oncology Program
Taussig Cancer Institute
Cleveland Clinic Foundation
Emily Gurnee, MD
Assistant Professor
University of Colorado
Jose Gutierrez, MD, MPH
Florence Irving Associate Professor of Neurology
Columbia University Irving Medical Center
Jacob T Gutsche, MD, FASE, FCCM
Associate Professor of Anesthesiology and Critical Care
University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine
Raul J Guzman, MD
Professor of Surgery
Division of Vascular Surgery and Endovascular Therapy
Yale School of Medicine
Robert G Hahn, MD, PhD
Professor of Anesthesiology and Intensive Care
Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden
Sadia Haider, MD, MPH
Associate Professor, Obstetrics and Gynecology
Chief, Division of Family Planning
Rush University Medical Center
Laura N Haines, MD, FACS
Associate Clinical Professor
University of California San Diego
Michael J Hall, MD, MS
Chair, Department of Clinical Genetics
Professor, Department of Clinical Genetics
Fox Chase Cancer Center
Giselle Hamad, MD
Professor of Surgery
University of Pittsburgh Medical Center
Allen Hamdan, MD
Vice Chair (Director of Operations), Department of Surgery
Beth Israel Lahey Health
Associate Professor of Surgery
Harvard Medical School
Omid Hamid, MD
Director, Melanoma Center
The Angeles Clinic and Research Institute
Gary D Hammer, MD, PhD
Millie Schembechler Professor of Adrenal Cancer
University of Michigan
Cassing Hammond, MD
Section Editor — Family Planning
Associate Professor in Obstetrics & Gynecology
Northwestern University
M Elizabeth H Hammond, MD, FCAP
Professor of Pathology
University of Utah School of Medicine
Amir H Hamrahian, MD
Associate Professor of Medicine
Division of Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
Johns Hopkins University
Juliana Hansen, MD
Professor of Surgery
Division of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, School of Medicine
Oregon Health & Science University
Hidehiko Hara, MD
Associate Professor
Division of Cardiovascular Medicine
Toho University Ohashi Medical Center
J William Harbour, MD
Professor and Chairman
The David Bruton, Jr. Chair in Ophthalmology
Department of Ophthalmology
UT Southwestern Medical Center
Susan M Harding, MD, FCCP, AGAF
Section Editor — Diagnostic Testing
Professor of Medicine
University of Alabama at Birmingham
Karen Hardinger, PharmD, BCPS
Clinical Professor
University of Missouri-Kansas City
Gavin C Harewood, MD
Director of Gastroenterology
Cleveland Clinic Florida Indian River Hospital
Malini Harigopal, MD
Professor of Pathology
Yale University School of Medicine
Seth P Harlow, MD
Associate Professor of Surgery
University of Vermont College of Medicine
Anthony Harris, MD, MPH
Section Editor — Hospital Acquired Infections
Professor of Medicine
University of Maryland School of Medicine
Linda Harris, MD, FACS
Professor of Surgery
Program Director, Vascular Surgery Fellowship & Residency
Chief, Division Vascular Surgery
University at Buffalo
Ivy N Haskins, MD
Assistant Professor of Surgery
University of Nebraska Medical Center
Mary Hawn, MD
Stanford Medicine Professor in Surgery
Stanford University
Frances J Hayes, MD
Associate Professor of Medicine
Harvard Medical School
Christina J Hayhurst, MD
Assistant Professor of Anesthesiology and Critical Care
Vanderbilt University Medical Center
C Mary Healy, MD
Associate Professor
Baylor College of Medicine
Austin Heare, MD
Assistant Professor Orthopedic Surgery
University of Colorado School of Medicine, Denver Health Medical Center
Pamela Hebbard, MD, FRCS
Assistant Professor of Surgery
University of Manitoba and CancerCare Manitoba
Holly L Hedrick, MD
Louise Schnaufer Endowed Chair in Pediatric Surgery
Professor of Surgery
Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania
Traci L Hedrick, MD, MS, FACS, FACRS
Associate Professor of Surgery
Chief, Division of General Surgery
Vice Chair of Clinical Operations, Department of Surgery
University of Virginia Health
Alan C Heffner, MD
Director of Critical Care
Director of ECMO Services
Pulmonary and Critical Care Consultants
Department of Internal Medicine
Department of Emergency Medicine
Atrium Health
Carolinas Medical Center
Clinical Professor
Wake Forest University School of Medicine
John E Heffner, MD
Professor of Medicine
Oregon Health & Science University
Providence Portland Medical Center
Wouter JK Hehenkamp, MD, PhD
Gynaecologist
VU University Medical Center, Amsterdam
Wayne JG Hellstrom, MD
Professor of Urology
Chief, Section of Andrology
Tulane University Health Sciences Center
C William Helm, MD, MBBChir, FRCS, MRCOG
Consultant Gynaecological Oncologist
Kara Hennelly, MD
Associate Professor of Pediatrics
Division of Pediatric Emergency Medicine
Washington University School of Medicine
Gavin L Henry, MD, FACS
Assistant Professor of Surgery, University of Maryland School of Medicine
Director of Clinical Operations, Division of Thoracic Surgery
University of Maryland Medical System
N Lynn Henry, MD, PhD
Associate Professor
University of Michigan Medical School
Arthur A Herbert, MD, MSCS, FACS
Professor of Surgery
Section of Burn Surgery
University Medical Center- New Orleans Burn Unit
Dwight E Heron, MD, MBA, FACRO, FACR, FASTRO
System Medical Director for Oncology Services
Bon Secours Mercy Health
Holly Herrington, MS, RD, LDN, CDE
Advanced Clinical Dietitian
Digestive Health Center
Center for Lifestyle Medicine and Bariatric Surgery
Daniel M Herron, MD, FACS, FASMBS
The Salky Professor of Surgery
Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai
Felix JF Herth, MD, PhD
Professor of Medicine
University of Heidelberg
Paul J Hesketh, MD
Section Editor — Supportive Care
Director, Lahey Health Cancer Institute
Director, Thoracic Oncology, Lahey Hospital and Medical Center
Professor of Medicine, Tufts University School of Medicine
Connie N Hess, MD, MHS
Associate Professor of Medicine
Division of Cardiology
University of Colorado School of Medicine
John R Hess, MD, MPH
Professor
University of Washington School of Medicine
Robert Heuschkel, MBBS, MRCPCH
Consultant, Department of Pediatric Gastroenterology
Addenbrooke's Hospital, Cambridge, UK
Kelly Hewitt, MD
Assistant Professor of Surgery
Vanderbilt University Medical Center
Anna Maria Hibbs, MD, MSCE
Professor of Pediatrics
Care Western Reserve University
Caitlin W Hicks, MD, MS
Associate Professor of Surgery, Division of Vascular Surgery and Endovascular Therapy
Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine
John Hicks, MD, DDS, PhD
Professor
Department of Pathology
Baylor College of Medicine
Leslie M Higuchi, MD, MPH
Assistant Professor of Pediatrics
Harvard Medical School
Ziyad M Hijazi, MD, MPH, FAAP, FACC, MSCAI, FAHA, FPICS
Professor of Pediatrics & Medicine, Weill Cornell Medicine
Chief Medical Officer & Chair, Department of Cardiovascular Diseases
Doha, Qatar
Andrew G Hill, MBChB, MD, EdD, FACS, FRACS
Professor of Surgery, Department of Surgery
Faculty of Medical and Health Sciences, University of Auckland
Andrew Hines, MD
Vascular and Interventional Specialists
Charlotte Radiology
Oscar Joe Hines, MD, FACS
Professor of Surgery
UCLA School of Medicine
Ikuo Hirano, MD
Professor of Medicine, Gastroenterology Division
Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine
Ariel Hirsch, MD
Professor of Radiation Oncology
Boston University Medical Center
Michelle S Hirsch, MD, PhD
Associate Professor
Brigham and Women's Hospital
Harvard Medical School
Adam B Hittelman, MD, PhD
Associate Professor of Urology, Chief Pediatric Urology
Yale School of Medicine
Charles C Ho, MD
Staff Anesthesiologist
Beverly Anesthesia Associates
Vanessa P Ho, MD, MPH, FACS
Associate Professor of Surgery
Assistant Professor of Population & Quantitative Health Sciences
MetroHealth Medical Center
Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine
Alejandro Hoberman, MD
Distinguished Service Professor of Pediatrics
University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine
Richard A Hodin, MD
Professor of Surgery
Harvard Medical School
Mitchel S Hoffman, MD
Professor
Moffitt Cancer Center
University of South Florida Morsani College of Medicine
Julie L Holihan, MD, MS
Assistant Professor of Surgery
McGovern Medical School at UTHealth
Nicholas Holmes, MD
President
UCSF Benioff Children's Hospitals
Angela M Hong, MBBS, MMed, PhD, FRANZCR
Melanoma Institute Australia,
The University of Sydney
Edward Hong, MD
Associate Professor of Surgery
University of South Florida
Theodore S Hong, MD
Professor of Radiation Oncology
Harvard Medical School
Radiation Oncologist
Massachusetts General Hospital
Ewout J Hoorn, MD, PhD
Professor of Nephrology
Erasmus Medical Center, Rotterdam, The Netherlands
Mara J Horwitz, MD
Associate Professor of Medicine
University of Pittsburgh
Christopher P Houk, MD
Associate Professor of Pediatrics
Georgia Regents University
Michael G House, MD, FACS
Professor of Surgery
Chief, Division of Surgical Oncology
Indiana University School of Medicine
Chi-yuan Hsu, MD, MSc
Professor of Medicine
University of California, San Francisco
Deborah C Hsu, MD, MEd
Professor of Emergency Medicine and Pediatrics
Vice Chair and Division Chief, Pediatric Emergency Medicine, Department of Emergency Medicine
Stanford University School of Medicine
Christopher S Huang, MD
Clinical Associate Professor of Medicine
Boston University Chobanian & Avedisian School of Medicine
John T Huggins, MD
Professor of Medicine
Medical University of South Carolina
Edwin P Hui, MD
Clinical Associate Professor (Honorary)
Department of Clinical Oncology
Prince of Wales Hospital
The Chinese University of Hong Kong
Menno V Huisman, MD, PhD
Professor of Medicine at the Department of Thrombosis and Hemostasis
Leiden University Medical Center, Leiden, The Netherlands
Russell D Hull, MBBS, MSc
Emeritus Professor of Medicine
University of Calgary, Canada
Raegan Hunt, MD, PhD
Associate Professor of Dermatology and Pediatrics
Baylor College of Medicine
Division Chief, Pediatric Dermatology
Texas Children's Hospital
Alice A Hunter, MD
Staff Orthopedist
Lahey Hospital and Medical Center
Hye-Chun Hur, MD, MPH, FACOG
Clinical Associate Professor of Obstetrics, Gynecology and Reproductive Biology
New York University (NYU) Langone Health, Grossman School of Medicine
Arif Hussain, MD
Professor of Medicine, Pathology, and Biochemistry
University of Maryland School of Medicine
Robert C Hyzy, MD
Professor of Medicine
University of Michigan Medical Center
Zuhaib Ibrahim, MD
Plastic and Reconstructive Surgeon
The Institute for Advanced Reconstruction at The Plastic Surgery
Daniel M Ihnat, MD
Adjunct Associate Professor of Surgery
University of Minnesota
Jeffrey E Indes, MD, FACS
Associate Professor of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Surgery
Albert Einstein College of Medicine
Montefiore Medical Center
John R Ingram, MD, PhD
Clinical Reader and Consultant Dermatologist
Division of Infection and Immunity
Cardiff University, Cardiff, United Kingdom
Nicolas Intagliata, MD
Associate Professor of Medicine
Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology
University of Virginia
Richard S Irwin, MD
Professor of Medicine
UMass Chan Medical School
Claudine Isaacs, MD
Section Editor — Breast Cancer
Professor of Medicine and Oncology
Georgetown University Medical School
Jess and Mildred Fisher Center for Hereditary Cancer and Clinical Genomics Research
Glenn C Isaacson, MD, FAAP
Section Editor — Pediatric Otolaryngology
Professor, Departments of Otolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery, and Pediatrics
Lewis Katz School of Medicine at Temple University
Shaheen Islam, MD, MPH, FCCP
Division Director, Pulmonary, Critical Care and Sleep Medicine
Augusta University, Medical College of Georgia
Olav Istre, MD, PhD
Professor, Deptartment of Obstetrics and Gynecology
South Danish University
Odense, Denmark
Theodore Iwashyna, MD, PhD
Professor of Medicine and Public Health
Johns Hopkins
Brian P Jacob, MD
Associate Clinical Professor of Surgery
Mount Sinai Medical Center
David G Jacobs, MD
Professor of Surgery
Wake Forest University School of Medicine
Eric Jacobsen, MD
Assistant Professor of Medicine
Harvard Medical School
Brian C Jacobson, MD, MPH
Associate Professor of Medicine
Harvard Medical School
Ajay K Jain, MD
Professor of Pediatrics, Pharmacology and Physiology
Saint Louis University
Oluwatosin Jaiyeoba Goje, MD, MSCR
Assistant Professor of Surgery
Obstetrics, Gynecology and Women’s Health Institute
Cleveland Clinic
Michael T Jaklitsch, MD
Professor in Surgery
Harvard Medical School
Brigham and Women's Hospital
Paula James, MD, FRCPC
Professor Department of Medicine
Queen's University
Ibrahim A Janahi, MD
Professor of Pediatrics
Weill-Cornell Medical College, Qatar
Jill Jasper, MD
Adjunct Instructor of Pediatrics
University of Iowa
Aminah Jatoi, MD
Betty J Foust and Parents' Professor of Oncology
Mayo Medical School
Patrick J Javid, MD
Professor of Surgery
University of Washington School of Medicine
Valluvan Jeevanandam, MD
Chief, Cardiac & Thoracic Surgery
Professor of Surgery
The University of Chicago Medicine and Biological Sciences
Christina L Jeng, MD
Associate Professor of Anesthesiology and Orthopaedics
Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai
Pamela J Jensen, MD
Attending Pathologist
Texas Health Presbyterian Hospital Dallas
James R Jett, MD
Section Editor — Pulmonary Medicine
Professor of Medicine Emeritus
National Jewish Health
Jeffrey Jim, MD, MPHS, FACS
Chair, Vascular and Endovascular Surgery
Minneapolis Heart Institute at Abbott Northwestern Hospital
Ramon E Jimenez, MD
Associate Professor of Surgery
Florida International University
Herbert Wertheim College of Medicine
Bonnie N Joe, MD, PhD
Professor of Radiology and Biomedical Imaging
Chief
UCSF Breast Imaging
Mark D Joffe, MD
Emeritus Professor of Pediatrics
University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine
Eric K Johnson, MD, FACS, FASCRS
Professor of Surgery
Cleveland Clinic Lerner College of Medicine
Case Western Reserve University
Eric Jonasch, MD
Professor
The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center
Girish P Joshi, MB, BS, MD, FFARCSI, FASA
Section Editor — Fundamentals of Anesthesia
Professor of Anesthesiology and Pain Management
University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center at Dallas
Dejah R Judelson, MD
Associate Professor of Surgery
Medical Director, Center for Vein Disease
UMass Chan Medical School
Harald Jüppner, MD
Professor of Pediatrics
Harvard Medical School
Gregory J Jurkovich, MD, FACS
Professor and Vice-Chairman
Lloyd F. & Rosemargaret Donant Chair in Trauma Medicine
Department of Surgery, UC Davis Health
Haytham M Kaafarani, MD
Associate Professor of Surgery
Harvard Medical School
Lowell S Kabnick, MD, FACS, FACPh
Chancellor
Vein and Lymphatic University
Howard Kadish, MD, MBA
Professor of Pediatrics
Division Chief, Pediatric Emergency Medicine
University of Utah School of Medicine
Susan R Kahn, MD, MSc, FRCPC
Professor of Medicine
McGill University
Peter J Kahrilas, MD
Professor of Medicine
Feinberg School of Medicine, Northwestern University
Virginia Kaklamani, MD, DSc
Professor of Medicine
Leader, Breast Oncology Program
Mays Cancer Center, University of Texas Health Science Center San Antonio
Venkat Kalapatapu, MD
Associate Professor of Clinical Surgery
Division of Vascular Surgery
Penn Presbyterian Medical Center
University of Pennsylvania Health System
Jörg C Kalff, MD
Professor of Surgery
University Medical Center, Bonn
Dipti V Kamani, MD
Clinical Research Specialist
Massachusetts Eye and Ear Infirmary
Zeina A Kanafani, MD, MS
Associate Professor of Medicine
American University of Beirut Medical Center
Sunanda V Kane, MD, MSPH
Section Editor — Inflammatory Bowel Disease
Professor
Mayo Clinic College of Medicine
Stella K Kang, MD, MS
Associate Professor of Radiology and Population Health
NYU School of Medicine
Stephen Kang, MD
Associate Professor
The Ohio State University Wexner Medical Center
Elissa E Kaplan, MD
GI Health Care Associates
Newton-Wellesley Hospital
Jess L Kaplan, MD
Assistant Professor of Pediatrics
Harvard Medical School
Lewis J Kaplan, MD, FACS
Professor of Surgery
Perelman School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania
Sahil K Kapur, MD
Assistant Professor
MD Anderson Cancer Center
Wassim Kassouf, MD, CM, FRCS
Stephen Jarislowsky Chair in Urology
Professor of Surgery (Urology)
McGill University Health Center
Stacey M Kassutto, MD
Associate Professor of Clinical Medicine
Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania
Cary S Kaufman, MD
Clinical Professor of Surgery
University of Washington
Margit Kaufman, MD
Medical Director of Institute of Patient Blood Management and Bloodless Medicine and Surgery at Englewood Health
Matthew R Kaufman, MD, FACS
Clinical Assistant Professor of Surgery
Division of Plastic & Reconstructive Surgery
The David Geffen UCLA Medical Center
Co-Director
Center for Treatment of Paralysis & Reconstructive Nerve Surgery
Hackensack Meridian Health
Jersey Shore University Medical Center
Richard Max Kaufman, MD
Professor of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine
Geisel School of Medicine, Dartmouth
Vivek Kaul, MD, FACG, FASGE, AGAF
Segal-Watson Professor of Medicine, Division of Gastroenterology & Hepatology.
Sangeeta Kaushik, MD
Clinical Assistant Professor of Emergency Medicine
The George Washington University School of Medicine and Health Sciences
Marsha Kay, MD
Director of Pediatric Endoscopy, Department of Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology & Nutrition
Cleveland Clinic Children's
Keith Kaye, MD, MPH
Chief, Division of Allergy, Immunology and Infectious Diseases
Professor of Medicine
Robert Wood Johnson Medical School
Florence K Keane, MD
Assistant Professor of Radiation Oncology
Harvard Medical School
Andrew P Keaveny, MD, FRCPI
Professor of Medicine
Mayo Clinic College of Medicine and Sciences
Electron Kebebew, MD, FACS
Professor of Surgery
Chief, Division of General Surgery
Harry A. Oberhelman, Jr. and Mark L. Welton Professor
Program Leader, Endocrine Oncology Program
Stanford Cancer Center
Vicki L Keedy, MD, MSCI
Assistant Professor of Medicine
Vanderbilt University Medical Center
Kenneth L Kehl, MD
Physician, Dana-Farber Cancer Institute
Instructor in Medicine, Harvard Medical School
Ciarán P Kelly, MD
Section Editor — Patient Perspective
Professor of Medicine
Harvard Medical School
Nancy R Kelly, MD, MPH
Professor of Pediatrics
University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas
John L Kendall, MD, FACEP
Professor of Emergency Medicine
Stanford University
Jessica Kendrick, MD, MPH
Professor of Medicine
University of Colorado Anschutz Medical Campus
Peter T Kennealey, MD
Associate Professor of Surgery
Director, Vascular Access Surgery
University of Colorado School of Medicine
Surgical Director, Kidney and Pancreas Transplant Programs
University of Colorado Hospital
Tara S Kent, MD, FACS
Associate Professor of Surgery
Harvard Medical School
Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center
Kimberly Kenton, MD, MS, FACOG, FACS
Professor, Obstetrics & Gynecology
Chief, Female Pelvic Medicine & Reconstructive Surgery
University of Chicago Prizker School of Medicine
Thomas Archibald Kerr, MD, PhD
Assistant Professor of Internal Medicine
Division of Digestive and Liver Diseases
University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center at Dallas
Emily Keung, MD
Assistant Professor, Department of Surgical Oncology
The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center
Asif Khalid, MD
Associate Professor of Medicine
University of Pittsburgh, VA Pittsburgh Health Care System
Farrukh A Khan, MD, FACS
Former Clinical Professor of Surgery
Drexel University College of Medicine
Nadia A Khan, MD, MSc
Professor of Medicine
University of British Columbia, Canada
Sajid A Khan, MD
Research Fellow
Arnold Pain Center, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center
Mouen A Khashab, MD
Associate Professor of Medicine
Johns Hopkins Hospital
Mohit Khera, MD, MBA, MPH
Professor, Scott Department of Urology
Baylor College of Medicine
Rosanne M Kho, MD
Professor and Chair
University of Arizona College of Medicine Phoenix
Banner University Medical Center - Phoenix
Misaki Kiguchi, MD, MBA, FACS
Associate Professor of Surgery
MedStar Washington Hospital Center
MedStar Georgetown University Hospital
Brigid Killelea, MD, MPH
Associate Surgeon
Department of Surgery
Brigham and Women's Hospital
Dana Farber Cancer Institute
Timothy P Killoran, MD
Assistant Professor of Radiology
Harvard Medical School
Charlie C Kilpatrick, MD
Associate Professor, Female Pelvic Medicine and Reconstructive Surgery
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology
Baylor College of Medicine
David H Kim, MD
Assistant Professor of Surgery
McGovern Medical School at the University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston
Jae H Kim, MD, PhD
Professor of Pediatrics
Director, Division of Neonatology, Perinatal Institute
Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center, University of Cincinnati College of Medicine
Paul J Kim, DPM, MS
Professor
Department of Plastic Surgery
Department of Orthopedic Surgery
University of Texas Southwestern
Medical Director
Wound Program
University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center
Tanner Kim, MD
Assistant Professor of Surgery
University of Hawaii John A. Burns School of Medicine
Gretchen Kimmick, MD, MS
Professor of Medicine
Duke University Medical Center
Alice King, MD
Associate Professor of Surgery
Baylor College of Medicine and Texas Children's Hospital
Melissa L Kirkwood, MD
Professor of Surgery
Chief of Vascular Surgery
UT Southwestern Medical Center
Hiroto Kita, MD, PhD
Director, Center for Gastrointestinal Disease
National Hospital Organization Tokyo National Hospital
Matthew B Klein, MD, MS, FACS
Clinical Associate Professor
Stanford University Division of Plastic Surgery
Steven Kleinman, MD
Section Editor — Transfusion Medicine
Clinical Professor of Pathology
University of British Columbia, Vancouver
Amy D Klion, MD
Infectious Disease Specialist
Baltimore, MD
Michael Klompas, MD, MPH
Professor of Medicine and Population Medicine
Harvard Medical School
Michael D Kluger, MD, MPH
Associate Professor of Surgery
College of Physicians and Surgeons
New York-Presbyterian Hospital/CUMC
Wayne M Koch, MD, FACS
Professor of Otolaryngology
Director
Division of Head & Neck Surgery
The Johns Hopkins Outpatient Center
Erin E Koelling, MD, FACS
Assistant Professor of Surgery, Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences Service Chief
Division of Vascular Surgery, Walter Reed National Military Medical Center, Bethesda, MD
Scott E Kopec, MD
Associate Professor of Medicine
University of Massachusetts Medical Center
Daryl J Kor, MD
Professor of Anesthesiology
Mayo Clinic
Stephen J Kovach, MD
Herndon B. Lehr Endowed Associate Professor
Associate Professor, Division of Plastic Surgery
Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Penn Medicine
Kris V Kowdley, MD, FAASLD, FACP, FACG, AGAF
Director, Liver Institute Northwest
Professor
Elson S. Floyd College of Medicine,
Washington State University
Reinhard Kramar, MD
Former Head of Department of Nephrology
Klinikum Wels-Grieskirchen- Wels, Austria
Baruch Krauss, MD, EdM, FAAP
Associate Professor of Pediatrics and Emergency Medicine
Harvard Medical School
Mary Lee Krinsky, DO
Professor of Medicine
University of California, San Diego Healthcare System
Jonathan B Kruskal, MD, PhD
Section Editor — Abdominal Imaging
Professor of Radiology
Harvard Medical School
Aleksandra Kukla, MD
Associate Professor of Medicine
University of Minnesota
Matthew Kulke, MD
Chief, Hematology and Oncology, Boston Medical Center
Deputy Director, Cancer Center, Boston University School of Medicine
Senthil Kumar, MS, FRCS (Ed), FRCS (Gen Surg), CCT (UK)
Head, Department of Liver Transplantation & HPB surgery
Continental Hospitals
Hyderabad, India
Priyanthi Kumarasinghe, MBBS, MD, FRCPA, Dip.Cytopath (RCPA)
Consultant Pathologist
PathWest, QE II Medical Centre
Clinical Professor
School of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, University of Western Australia
Vaishnavi Kundel, MD, MS
Assistant Professor of Medicine
Division of Pulmonary, Critical Care and Sleep Medicine
Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai
Hiroko Kunitake, MD
Assistant in Surgery, Massachusetts General Hospital
Assistant Professor of Surgery, Harvard Medical School
Marina Kurian, MD
Assistant Professor of Surgery
NYU School of Medicine
Robert F Kushner, MD
Professor of Medicine
Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine
Matthew E Kutcher, MD, MS, FACS
Assistant Professor of Surgery
University of Mississippi Medical Center
Lori H Kwan, MD
Assistant Professor of Anesthesiology
Yale School of Medicine
Ava Kwong, MBBS, BSc, FRCS, FCSHK, FHKAM
Daniel C K Yu Professor in Breast Cancer Research
University of Hong Kong
André Lacroix, MD
Section Editor — Adrenal Disease
Professor of Medicine
University of Montreal, Quebec, Canada
Brian E Lacy, MD, PhD
Professor of Medicine
Mayo Clinic
Jay G Ladde, MD, FACEP, FAAEM
Professor of Emergency Medicine, University of Central Florida College of Medicine
Blandine Laferrère, MD
Professor of Medicine, Obesity Nutrition Research Center
Department of Medicine, Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons
Michelle Lai, MD, MPH
Assistant Professor, Harvard Medical School
Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center
Tahaniyat Lalani, MBBS, MHS
Associate Professor
Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences
Joseph MC Lam, MD
Clinical Associate Professor
University of British Columbia
Laura A Lambert, MD
Clinical Professor, Surgery
Director, Peritoneal Surface Malignancy Program
Huntsman Cancer Institute
University of Utah
J Thomas Lamont, MD
Editor-in-Chief — Gastroenterology and Hepatology
Section Editor — Anorectal Disorders and Misc. Lower GI Disease; Nutrition, Malabsorption, and Misc. Upper GI Disease
Professor of Medicine
Harvard Medical School
Ron G Landmann, MD
Chief, Division of Colon & Rectal Surgery
Baptist MD Anderson Cancer Center
Bruce Landon, MD, MBA, MSc
Professor of Health Care Policy and Medicine
Harvard Medical School
Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center
Gregory Landry, MD
Medical Director of Vascular Surgery
Kootenai Clinic, Coeur d'Alene, ID
Uta Landy, PhD
National Director
Ryan Residency Training Program
Fellowship in Family Planning
University of California, San Francisco
Roberto M Lang, MD
Professor of Medicine
Pritzker School of Medicine of the University of Chicago
Paul H Lange, MD, FACS
Professor Emeritus
Department of Urology
School of Medicine
University of Washington
Annie Lapointe, MD, MPH
Associate Professor, Department of Surgery
University of Montreal, Canada
Christine Laronga, MD, FACS
Professor
Moffitt Cancer Center, University of South Florida
David W Larson, MD, MBA, FACS, FASCRS
Specialty Council Chair
Professor of Surgery
Mayo Clinic
Marc R Laufer, MD
Professor of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
Harvard Medical School
Scott A Laurie, MD, FRCPC
The Ottawa Hospital Cancer Centre
University of Ottawa
Laura Laursen, MD, MS
Assistant Professor
Rush University Medical School
Gregory Lauwers, MD
Senior Member and Director of Gastrointestinal Pathology,
H Lee Moffitt Cancer Center and Research Institute,
Professor,
Departments of Pathology & Cell Biology and Oncologic Sciences,
University of South Florida
Ryan Law, DO
Assistant Professor
Mayo Clinic, Rochester
Harold L Lazar, MD
Professor of Cardiothoracic Surgery
Boston University School of Medicine
Stephen Lazarou, MD
Clinical Instructor of Urology
Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center
Harvard Medical School
Jacob Lazarus, MD, PhD
Instructor in Medicine
Harvard Medical School
Gweneth B Lazenby, MD
Professor
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology and Division of Infectious Diseases
Department of Medicine
Medical University of South Carolina
Quynh-Thu Le, MD
Professor and Chair
Department of Radiation Oncology
Stanford University
Dan I Lebovic, MD
Professor of Obstetrics and Gynecology
Washington University, St. Louis
Dennis K Ledford, MD
Professor of Internal Medicine and Pediatrics
University of South Florida
Christoph I Lee, MD, MS
Professor of Radiology
University of Washington School of Medicine
Eudocia Quant Lee, MD, MPH
Associate Professor of Neurology
Harvard Medical School
Hannah Lee, MD
Assistant Professor of Medicine
Virginia Commonwealth University
Medical College of Virginia
Hans Lee, MD
Associate Professor of Medicine
Johns Hopkins University
Lois K Lee, MD, MPH
Associate Professor of Pediatrics and Emergency Medicine
Harvard Medical School
Nancy Y Lee, MD
Attending Physician
Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center
Richard J Lee, MD, PhD
Assistant Professor of Medicine
Harvard Medical School
Massachusetts General Hospital
W Robert Lee, MD, MS, MEd
Section Editor — Prostate Cancer
Professor of Radiation Oncology
Duke University Medical Center
Steven G Leeds, MD
Division Chief of Minimally Invasive Surgery
Baylor University Medical Center at Dallas
Assistant Clinical Professor of Surgery
Texas A&M School of Medicine
Center for Advanced Surgery
Baylor Scott and White
Dallas, TX
Paul Leger, MD
Assistant Professor of Medicine
MedStar Georgetown University Hospital, Washington, DC
Eric Legome, MD
Professor and Chair of Emergency Medicine
Mount Sinai Morningside and Mount Sinai West Hospitals
Vice Chair of Academic Affairs, Emergency Medicine
Icahn Mount Sinai School of Medicine
Anthony J Lembo, MD
Vice Chair of Research
Digestive Disease Institute
Cleveland Clinic
Julie C Leonard, MD, MPH
Professor of Pediatrics
Nationwide's Children's Hospital
The Ohio State University, College of Medicine
Department of Pediatrics, Division of Emergency Medicine and
Nationwide Children’s Hospital
Jorge Leon-Villapalos, MD, FRCS
Consultant in Plastic Surgery and Burns
Chelsea and Westminster Hospital, London, UK
Seth P Lerner, MD
Section Editor — Bladder Cancer
Beth and Dave Swalm Chair in Urologic Oncology
Professor of Urology
Baylor College of Medicine
Lawrence LK Leung, MD
Editor-in-Chief — Hematology
Section Editor — Disorders of Hemostasis and Coagulation
Maureen Lyles D'Ambrogio Professor of Medicine
Stanford University School of Medicine
L Scott Levin, MD, FACS
Paul B Magnuson Professor of Bone and Joint Surgery
Chairman, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery
Professor of Surgery (Plastic Surgery), University of Pennsylvania
Lynne L Levitsky, MD
Associate Professor of Pediatrics
Harvard Medical School
Barbara S Levy, MD, FACOG
Clinical Professor, Obstetrics, Gynecology and Reproductive Science
UCSD Health
Clinical Professor, Obstetrics and Gynecology
George Washington University
Jerrold H Levy, MD, FAHA, FCCM
Professor of Anesthesiology, Critical Care, Surgery (Cardiothoracic)
Duke University Hospital
Heather L Lewis, MD
Surgical Oncologist
University of Colorado Health
Mike K Liang, MD, FACS
Professor of Surgery
University of Houston
Rodger A Liddle, MD
Professor of Medicine
Duke University Medical School
John C Lieske, MD
Professor of Medicine
Mayo Clinic Division of Nephrology and Hypertension
Keith D Lillemoe, MD, FACS
W Gerald Austen Professor of Surgery
Harvard Medical School
Robert B Lim, MD, FACS, FASMBS
Vice Chair of Education
Oklahoma University-Physicians Tulsa
Professor of Surgery
Oklahoma University School of Medicine Tulsa
Brian J Linder, MD
Assistant Professor of Urology and OB/Gyn
Department of Urology, Mayo Clinic
Gregory YH Lip, MD, FRCPE, FESC, FACC
Price-Evans Professor of Cardiovascular Medicine, University of Liverpool, UK
Distinguished Professor, Faculty of Medicine, Aalborg University, Denmark
Adjunct Professor, Yonsei University, Seoul, South Korea
Adjunct Professor, Seoul National University, Seoul, South Korea
Susan Lipsett, MD
Assistant Professor of Pediatrics and Emergency Medicine
Harvard Medical School
Michael J Liptay, MD, FACS
The Mary and John Bent Professor and Chairman
Department of Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery
Rush University Medical Center
Babak Litkouhi, MD
Associate Professor
Stanford School of Medicine
Jennifer K Litton, MD
Assistant Professor of Medicine
The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center
Vincent Liu, MD
Clinical Professor
Departments of Dermatology and Pathology
University of Iowa Carver College of Medicine
Emanuele Lo Menzo, MD, PhD, FACS
The Bariatric and Metabolic Institute
Cleveland Clinic Florida
Professor, Florida Atlantic University College of Medicine, Florida International University College of Medicine, Ross University
Charles J Lockwood, MD, MHCM
Section Editor — Obstetrics
Executive Vice President, USF Health
Dean, Morsani College of Medicine
Professor, Obstetrics and Gynecology
University of South Florida
Laura L Loftis, MD
Associate Professor of Pediatrics
Baylor College of Medicine
George F Longstreth, MD
Clinic Gastroenterologist
Veterans Administration San Diego Healthcare System
Voluntary Clinical Professor of Medicine
University of California San Diego School of Medicine
Kathleen M Loomes, MD
Professor of Pediatrics
Perelman School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania
Michele M Loor, MD
Assistant Professor of Surgery
Baylor College of Medicine
Monica Esperanza Lopez, MD, MS
Associate Professor of Pediatric Surgery
Vice Chair, Surgical Quality and Evidence-based Programs
Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, Monroe Carell Jr Children's Hospital at Vanderbilt
Charles L Loprinzi, MD
Regis Professor of Breast Cancer Research
Mayo Clinic College of Medicine
Garrett Losh, MD
Otolaryngology
Private Practice at the Iowa Clinic
Brian E Louie, MD, MHA, MPH, FRCSC, FACS
Section Editor — Esophageal Surgery
Director
Thoracic Research and Education
Executive Co-Medical Director and Surgical Chair
Swedish Digestive Health Institute, Division of Thoracic Surgery
Adetola Louis-Jacques, MD
Assistant Professor
University of Florida
Robert C Lowe, MD
Assistant Professor of Medicine
Boston University School of Medicine
Tony Lu, MD
DeBakey Heart & Vascular Center
Houston Methodist Hospital
Aimee L Lucas, MD, MS
Associate Professor
Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai
Tom F Lue, MD, ScD (Hon), FACS
Professor of Urology
Emil Tanagho Endowed Chair in Clinical Urology
Department of Urology
University of California, San Francisco
Emily S Lukacz, MD, MAS
Professor of Obstetrics, Gynecology & Reproductive Sciences
UC San Diego Health
Philip J Lupo, PhD, MPH
Associate Professor, Baylor College of Medicine
Director of Epidemiology Program, Texas Children's Cancer and Hematology Centers
Melanie L Lyden, MD, MHPE
Professor of Surgery
Chief, Section of Endocrine Surgery
Mayo Clinic College of Medicine
William M Lydiatt, MD
Clinical Professor
United States Naval Hospital
Department of Otolaryngology
Portsmouth Virginia
Nebraska Methodist Hospital
Alice Ma, MD, FACP
Professor of Medicine
The Medical Alumni Loyalty Fund Distinguished Teaching Professor
University of North Carolina
Martin Ma, MD
Assistant Professor
University of Toronto
Graham MacKay, MBChB, FRCS, FFST, MD
Consultant Colorectal Surgeon
Glasgow Royal Infirmary
Honorary Associate Professor
University of Glasgow
Andrew P MacKenzie, MD
Director of Maternal Fetal Medicine
Day Kimball Medical Group
Putnam, CT
Graeme MacLaren, MBBS, MSc, FRACP, FCICM
Critical care physician
National University Hospital, Singapore
Anthony MacLean, MD, FRCSC, FACS
Clinical Associate Professor
University of Calgary
Finlay A Macrae, MD
Professor, Department of Medicine
University of Melbourne, Victoria, Australia
Colm C Magee, MD, MPH, FRCPI
Clinical Lecturer in Medicine
Royal College of Surgeons
Cristina Magi-Galluzzi, MD, PhD
Director
Department of Anatomic Pathology
University of Alabama at Birmingham
Javier F Magrina, MD
Barbara Woodward Lipps Professor
Division of Gynecologic Oncology
Department of Gynecologic Surgery
Mayo Clinic, AZ
Varocha Mahachai, MD
Professor of Medicine
Chulalongkorn University Hospital
Bangkok, Thailand
Uma Mahadevan, MD
Professor of Medicine
University of California, San Francisco
Feroze Mahmood, MD
Professor of Anaesthesia
Harvard Medical School
Neal G Mahutte, MD
Medical Director
The Montreal Fertility Center
Atul Malhotra, MD
Peter C Farrell Professor, Department of Medicine
University of California, San Diego
Preeti Malladi, MD
Methodist Dallas Medical Center
Harvey Mamon, MD, PhD
Associate Professor of Radiation Oncology
Harvard Medical School
Scott Manaker, MD, PhD
Editor-in-Chief — Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine
Section Editor — Critical Care
Professor of Medicine
University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine
Anne T Mancino, MD
Associate Professor of Surgery
University of Arkansas of Medical Sciences
Jess Mandel, MD, MACP, ATSF, FRCP
Section Editor — Pulmonary Vascular Disease
Kenneth M. Moser Professor of Medicine
Chief, Division of Pulmonary, Critical Care, and Sleep Medicine
Vice-Chair for Education, Department of Internal Medicine
UC San Diego School of Medicine
Samuel P Mandell, MD, MPH, FACS
Associate Professor of Surgery, Director Parkland Burn Center
UT Southwestern Medical Center
William J Mann, Jr, MD
Section Editor — Gynecologic Surgery
Clinical Professor
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology
Virginia Commonwealth University School of Medicine
Michael Mannstadt, MD
Associate Professor of Medicine
Harvard Medical School
Pier Mannuccio Mannucci, MD
Section Editor — Disorders of Hemostasis and Coagulation
Professor of Internal Medicine, Angelo Bianchi Bonomi Hemophilia and Thrombosis Center, IRCCS Ca' Granda Maggiore Policlinico Hospital Foundation of Milan, Italy
Paul F Mansfield, MD, FACS
Professor of Surgical Oncology
The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center
Ellen F Manzullo, MD, FACP
Professor of Medicine
Department of General Internal Medicine
University of Texas
MD Anderson Cancer Center
Dror Marchaim, MD
Professor of Internal Medicine
Sackler School of Medicine, Tel-Aviv University
Director of Infection Control and Prevention Unit
Shamir (Assaf Harofeh) Medical Center
Norman E Marcon, MD, FRCP(C)
Professor of Medicine
University of Toronto
Julie Margenthaler, MD
Associate Professor
Washington University School of Medicine
Edward R Mariano, MD, MAS, FASA, FASRA
Professor of Anesthesiology, Perioperative and Pain Medicine
Stanford University School of Medicine
Jeffrey Marks, MD
Section Editor — Minimally Invasive Surgery
Professor of Surgery
University Hospitals
Case Medical Center
Jacopo Martellucci, MD, PhD
Colorectal Surgeon
Careggi University Hospital
Florence, Italy
John A Martin, MD
Associate Professor, Senior Associate Consultant, and Associate Chair for Endoscopy
Mayo Clinic
Matthew J Martin, MD
Professor of Surgery
Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences
Niels Martin, MD, FACS, FCCM
Associate Professor of Surgery
University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine
Richard Martin, MD
Section Editor — Neonatology
Professor, Pediatrics, Reproductive Biology, and Physiology & Biophysics
Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine
Ronald F Martin, MD
Clinical Adjunct Professor Emeritus in Surgery
University of Wisconsin School of Medicine and Public Health
Renato G Martins, MD, MPH
Chair
Hematology Oncology and Palliative Care
Professor
Virginia Commonwealth University
Joel B Mason, MD
Professor of Medicine and Nutrition
Tufts University Schools of Medicine and Nutrition
USDA Human Nutrition Research Center at Tufts University
Elena M Massarotti, MD
Associate Professor of Medicine
Harvard Medical School
David B Matchar, MD
Professor of Medicine and Pathology
Duke University Medical Center
Director, Program in Health Services and Systems Research
Duke-NUS Medical School
Barbara M Mathes, MD, FACP, FAAD
Clinical Associate, Dermatology
University of Pennsylvania
David J Mathison, MD, MBA
Assistant Professor of Pediatrics, Georgetown University School of Medicine
Senior Vice President, Clinical Operations - PM Pediatrics
Pediatric Emergency Physician
Alvin M Matsumoto, MD
Section Editor — Male Reproductive Endocrinology
Professor of Medicine
University of Washington School of Medicine
Melissa Mattison, MD
Associate Professor of Medicine
Harvard Medical School
Adrian A Maung, MD, FACS
Associate Professor of Surgery
Yale University School of Medicine
Ivan D Maya, MD, FACP
Associate Professor of Medicine
University of Central Florida
John Mayberry, MD, FACS
Clinical Professor of Surgery
University of Washington School of Medicine
Oscar H Mayer, MD
Professor of Clinical Pediatrics, Pediatric Pulmonology
University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine
Ryanne J Mayersak, MD, MS
Associate Professor of Emergency Medicine
Associate Residency Director of Emergency Medicine
Director of Diversity, Equity, and Inclusion for the Department of Emergency Medicine
School of Medicine OASIS Academic Advisor
Oregon Health & Science University
Paul H Mayo, MD
Academic Director Critical Care
Division of Pulmonary, Critical Care, and Sleep Medicine
Department of Medicine
Northwell Health LIJ/NSUH Medical Center
Professor of Clinical Medicine
Donald and Barbara Zucker School of Medicine at Hofstra/Northwell
Kurt A McCammon, MD, FACS, ABU, FPMRS
Devine Chair in Genitourinary Reconstructive Surgery
Chairman and Program Director
Professor, Department of Urology
Eastern Virginia Medical School
Norfolk, Virginia
Mark O McCarron, MD, FRCP
Consultant Neurologist
Altnagelvin Hospital
Shelley R McCormick, MS, LCGC
Senior Genetic Counselor
Massachusetts General Hospital Cancer Center
Center for Cancer Risk Assessment
Daniel McDermott, MD
Volunteer Faculty Member
Clinical Professor
Department of Emergency Medicine
University of California at San Francisco
Shaunagh McDermott, MD
Assistant Professor
Harvard Medical School
Malcolm McDonald, PhD, FRACP, FRCPA
Adjunct Professor
College of Public Health, Medical and Veterinary Sciences
James Cook University, Queensland, Australia
Michael L McGarvey, MD
Associate Professor of Neurology
University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine
Kevin McGrath, MD
Professor of Medicine
University of Pittsburgh
Jakob I McSparron, MD
Associate Professor of Medicine, Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine
Associate Director, Critical Care Medicine Unit
Program Director, Fellowship in Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine
University of Michigan
Dennis J McTigue, DDS, MS
Professor Emeritus, Division of Pediatric Dentistry
Ohio State University
Kevin T McVary, MD, FACS
Director of the Center for Male Health
Professor of Urology
Department of Urology
Stritch School of Medicine
Loyola University Medical Center
C Crawford Mechem, MD, FACEP
Professor of Emergency Medicine
Perelman School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania
Reza J Mehran, MD
Professor of Surgery
University of Texas
MD Anderson Cancer Center
Babak Mehrara, MD
Member
Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center
Professor of Surgery
Cornell Weill Medical Center
Bhoomi Mehrotra, MD
Director
Cancer Institute at St. Francis Hospital
Roslyn, NY
Ankit Mehta, MD
Assistant Professor, Department of Internal Medicine, Texas A&M College of Medicine, Dallas
Associate Program Director, Internal Medicine Residency, Baylor University Medical Center, Dallas
Michele Mekel, JD, MHA, MBA
Assistant Director, Bioethics Program
Assistant Teaching Professor, Bioethics
Affiliate Faculty, Penn State Law & Rick Ethics Institute
Joint Appointment, Penn State College of Medicine
Matthew Mell, MD, MS, FACS
Professor and Chief, Division of Vascular Surgery
Medical Director, UC Davis Vascular Center
Donna Reyes Mendez, MD
Professor of Emergency Medicine
University of Texas Medical Branch at Galveston Medical School, Department of Emergency Medicine
Sofia D Merajver, MD, PhD
Professor of Internal Medicine
University of Michigan Medical School
Peter A Merkel, MD, MPH
Section Editor — Vasculitis
Chief, Division of Rheumatology
University of Pennsylvania
Geno J Merli, MD, MACP, FHM, FSVM
Professor of Medicine & Surgery
Sidney Kimmel Medical College
Steven R Messé, MD
Professor of Neurology
Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania
Anna H Messner, MD
Section Editor — Pediatric Otolaryngology
Professor of Otolaryngology/Head & Neck Surgery
Baylor College of Medicine
Denise W Metry, MD
Associate Professor of Dermatology and Pediatrics
Baylor College of Medicine
Theo E Meyer, MD, PhD
Section Editor — Heart Failure
Professor of Medicine
Interim Chief, Cardiology
University of Massachusetts Medical School
UMass Memorial Medical Center
Andrew J Meyr, DPM
Clinical Professor
Temple University School of Podiatric Medicine
Alain Meyrier, MD
Professor of Medicine (Emeritus)
Université Paris-Cité, Paris, France
M Dror Michaelson, MD, PhD
Associate Professor in Medicine
Harvard Medical School
Amy B Middleman, MD, MPH, MS Ed
Section Editor — Adolescent Medicine
Chief, Division of Academic Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine
Pamela Butler Keefe and Stephen T Keefe Chair of Excellence in Academic Pediatrics
University Hospitals, Rainbow Babies and Children’s Hospital
(Clinical) Professor of Pediatrics
Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine
Mark E Mikkelsen, MD, MSCE
Associate Professor
Pulmonary Sciences and Critical Care
Associate Chief Medical Officer, Critical Care
University of Colorado School of Medicine
Stacey Milan, MD
Assistant Professor of Surgery
Texas A&M Health Sciences Center
Baylor Scott and White Health (Temple, TX)
Mira Milas, MD, FACS
Professor of Surgery
University of Arizona College of Medicine
Brett A Miles, DDS, MD, FACS
Professor and Chair
VP, Regional Director Western Region
Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery
Division Head and Neck Oncology
Microvascular Reconstructive Surgery
Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
Brent W Miller, MD
Michael A. Kraus Professor of Medicine, Clinical Chief of Nephrology
Indiana University School of Medicine
Trevor J Mills, MD, MPH
Professor of Emergency Medicine
University of California, Davis
Joseph L Mills, Sr, MD
Section Editor — Vascular and Endovascular Surgery
Professor and Chief
Division of Vascular Surgery and Endovascular Therapy
Baylor College of Medicine
Gregory Mints, MD, FACP
Assistant Professor of Medicine
Weill Cornell Medical College
Erica L Mitchell, MD, Med SE, FACS, DFSVS
Professor of Surgery, University of Tennessee Health Science Center
Medical Director, Vascular & Endovascular Surgery at Regional One Health
John D Mitchell, MD
Professor of Anesthesiology
Michigan State University
Marc E Mitchell, MD
Professor of Surgery
University of Mississippi School of Medicine
Siraj Mithoowani, MD, MHPE, FRCPC
Assistant Professor
Department of Medicine
McMaster University
Anirban P Mitra, MD, PhD
Assistant Professor, Departments of Urology and Computational Biomedicine
Cedars-Sinai Medical Center, Los Angeles, CA
Jason S Mizell, MD, FACS
Colon and Rectal Surgeon
Baptist Health
Ronald P Mlcak, PhD, MBA, RRT, FAARC
Associate Professor Respiratory Care
UTMB Health
J Gregory Modrall, MD
Professor of Surgery
University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center
Naiem Moiemen, MB BCh, MSc, FRCS (PLAST)
Professor, University of Birmingham School of Medicine (Hon)
Consultant Burn and Plastic Surgeon, University hospitals Birmingham Foundation Trust
Director, Scar Free Foundation Burn Research Centre, Birmingham
Greg Moneta, MD
Professor, Vascular Surgery
Oregon Health and Science University
John RT Monson, MD, FRCS, FACS
Professor of Surgery
University of Central Florida, College of Medicine
Blaise Mooney, MD
Senior Professor
Moffitt Cancer Center
Ernest E Moore, MD
Ernest E Moore Shock Trauma Center at Denver Health
Distinguished Professor of Surgery
University of Colorado Denver
Christopher J Moran, MD
Instructor in Pediatrics
Harvard Medical School
Mark D Morasch, MD, FACS, RPVI
Vascular Surgeon
George E. Wahlen Department of Veterans Affairs Medical Center
Maria E Moreira, MD
Section Editor — Adult Trauma
Professor, Department of Emergency Medicine
University of Colorado Denver School of Medicine
Medical Director of Continuing Education & Simulation
Denver Health & Hospital Authority
Douglas Morgan, MD, MPH
Director, UAB Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology
The University of Alabama at Birmingham (UAB)
James P Morgan, MD, PhD
Professor of Medicine
Tufts University School of Medicine
Katherine Morgan, MD, FACS
Professor and Chief
Division of Gastrointestinal and Laparoscopic Surgery
Medical University of South Carolina
John W Moroney, MD
Associate Professor, Gynecologic Oncology
University of Chicago Pritzker School of Medicine
Donald Morris, MD
Assistant Professor of Surgery - Part Time
Harvard Medical School
David B Mount, MD
Assistant Professor of Medicine
Harvard Medical School
Associate/Clinical Chief, Renal Division
Brigham and Women's Hospital
Renal Division, VA Boston
Albeir Y Mousa, MD, FACS, MBA, MPH, RPVI
Professor
Department of Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery
West Virginia University
Chief of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery
WVU Medicine Thomas Memorial
Regional Director of Vascular Services
WVU Heart & Vascular Institute
Haralampos M Moutsopoulos, MD, FACP, FRCP, Master ACR
Emeritus Professor, School of Medicine
University of Ioannina, University of Athens
Kent W Mouw, MD, PhD
Assistant Professor
Department of Radiation Oncology
Dana-Farber Cancer Institute/Brigham & Women's Hospital
Harvard Medical School
Yvonne Mowery, MD, PhD
Associate Professor of Radiation Oncology
UPMC Hillman Cancer Center
Beverly Moy, MD, MPH
Professor of Medicine
Harvard Medical School
Elizabeth R Mueller, MD, MSME, FACS
Professor
Female Pelvic Medicine and Reconstructive Surgery
Departments of Urology and Obstetrics/Gynecology
Loyola University Chicago Stritch School of Medicine
John T Mullen, MD, FACS
Professor of Surgery
Harvard Medical School
Division of Gastrointestinal and Oncologic Surgery
Massachusetts General Hospital
Michael T Mullen, MD
Associate Professor
Lewis Katz School of Medicine at Temple University
Visala Muluk, MD
Associate Professor of Medicine
University of Pittsburgh
Francesco Muratore, MD
Rheumatology Unit
Azienda Unità Sanitaria Locale – IRCCS – di Reggio Emilia
Tibor Nadasdy, MD
Professor of Pathology
Director of Renal and Transplant Pathology
Ohio State University
Maurice Nahabedian, MD
Professor of Plastic Surgery
Virginia Commonwealth University – Inova Branch
National Center for Plastic Surgery
Bindi Naik-Mathuria, MD, MPH
Professor of Surgery and Chief, Division of Pediatric Surgery
University of Texas Medical Branch
Stephen Y Nakada, MD
Professor of Urology
University of Wisconsin School of Medicine and Public Health
Govind Nandakumar, MD, FACS, FASCRS
Chief of Gastrointestinal Surgery & GI Oncosurgery
Columbia Asia Hospitals Bangalore
Courtesy Faculty, Weill Cornell Medical College, New York
Jim Natale, PharmD, BCOP
Clinical Pharmacy Specialist
UPMC Cancer Centers
Vladimir Nekhendzy, MD
Clinical Professor of Anesthesiology and Otolaryngology
Stanford University School of Medicine
Kenneth G Nepple, MD, FACS
Clinical Professor of Urology
University of Iowa College of Medicine
David G Neschis, MD
Clinical Associate Professor of Surgery
University of Maryland School of Medicine
Gregory Ness, DDS, FACS
Emeritus Professor - Clinical
College of Dentistry, The Ohio State University
Giora Netzer, MD, MSCE
Professor of Medicine and Epidemiology
University of Maryland School of Medicine
Mark I Neuman, MD, MPH
Section Editor — Pediatric Signs and Symptoms
Professor of Pediatrics
Harvard Medical School
Catherine C Neumann, MS, LCGC
Genetic Counselor
Department of Clinical Genetics
Fox Chase Cancer Center
Paul Newey, MD
Senior Lecturer in Endocrinology, Division of Molecular & Clinical Medicine
Ninewells Hospital & Medical School, University of Dundee
Sara Newmann, MD, MPH
Associate Professor
Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Sciences
University of California, San Francisco
Andrea K Ng, MD, MPH
Professor, Radiation Oncology, Harvard Medical School
Brigham and Women's Hospital
Dana-Farber Cancer Institute
Paul T Nghiem, MD, PhD
Professor and Head
University of Washington Dermatology
George F. Odland Chair in Dermatology
Duy Nguyen, MD
Thoracic & Foregut Surgeon
Legacy Health
Thomas Nickolas, MD, MS
Professor of Medicine
Columbia University Medical Center, Department of Medicine, Nephrology
Lynnette K Nieman, MD
Section Editor — Adrenal Disease
Senior Investigator
Bethesda, MD
Dmitriy Nikolavsky, MD
Professor, Department of Urology
SUNY Upstate Medical University
Errol R Norwitz, MD, PhD, MBA
Professor of Obstetrics & Gynecology, Tufts University School of Medicine
Nawal M Nour, MD, MPH
Associate Professor in Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
Harvard Medical School
Jed G Nuchtern, MD, FACS, FAAP
Professor of Surgery, Pediatric Surgery Division
Baylor College of Medicine
Fiemu Nwariaku, MD, FACS, FWACS
Professor
Spencer Fox Eccles School of Medicine
University of Utah
Leigh Ann O'Banion, FACS, FSVS, RPVI
Assistant Professor of Surgery
Division of Vascular Surgery, University of California San Francisco-Fresno
Sarah O'Brien, MD, MSc
Section Editor — Pediatric Hematology
Associate Professor of Pediatrics, Nationwide Children's Hospital
E. Andrew Ochroch, MD, MSCE
Associate Professor of Anesthesiology, Critical Care, and Surgery
University of Pennsylvania
Stephen R Odom, MD
Associate Professor of Surgery
Harvard Medical School
Michael A O'Donnell, MD, FACS
Professor of Urology
University of Iowa
Donough J O'Donovan, MD
Clinical Lecturer in Pediatrics
National University of Ireland, Galway
Robert D Odze, MD, FRCPC
Professor of Pathology
Harvard Medical School
Brant K Oelschlager, MD
Professor, Department of Surgery
University of Washington
Christopher M Oermann, MD
Professor, Department of Pediatrics
University of Missouri-Kansas City School of Medicine
Christopher S Ogilvy, MD
Professor of Surgery
Harvard Medical School
Aderonke Ojo, MD, MHA
Professor of Pediatrics
Baylor College of Medicine
M Fatih Okcu, MD, MPH
Professor of Pediatrics
Baylor College of Medicine
Kelly P O'Keefe, MD, FACEP
Program Director and Professor
Florida State University College of Medicine
Emergency Medicine Residency
Sarasota Memorial Hospital
Scott Okuno, MD
Professor of Oncology
Division of Medical Oncology
Mayo Clinic
Michael P O'Leary, MD, MPH
Section Editor — Urology
Professor of Surgery, Harvard Medical School
Senior Urologic Surgeon, Brigham and Women's Hospital
Jeffrey W Olin, DO
Professor of Medicine (Cardiology)
Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai
Anthony P Olivé, MD
Associate Professor of Pediatrics
Baylor College of Medicine
Matthew J Oliver, MD, MHS
Associate Professor of Medicine
University of Toronto, Canada
Kelly A Olson, MD, MA
Specialty Doctor - Paediatrics
Community Child Health
Royal Aberdeen Childrens Hospital
NHS Grampian
Terrence A O'Malley, MD
Corresponding Faculty Member, Harvard Medical School
W Charles O'Neill, MD
Professor of Medicine
Emory University School of Medicine
Shimpei Ono, MD, PhD
Assistant Professor
Department of Plastic, Reconstructive, and Aesthetic Surgery
Nippon Medical School
Dennis P Orgill, MD, PhD
Professor of Surgery
Harvard Medical School
Alisha Oropallo, MD, FACS
Professor of Surgery
Zucker School of Medicine at Hofstra/Northwell
Pamela H Orr, MD, MSc, FRCPC
Professor of Internal Medicine, Medical Microbiology, and Community Health Sciences
University of Manitoba
Erik Ortega, MD
Assistant Professor
Barrow Neurological Institute
Mary F Otterson, MD
Professor, Colorectal Surgery
Medical College of Wisconsin
David W Ouyang, MD
Clinical Associate Professor of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Division of Maternal Fetal Medicine
North Shore University Health System
University of Chicago Pritzker School of Medicine
Michael J Overman, MD
Associate Professor
Department of Gastrointestinal Medical Oncology
MD Anderson Cancer Center
Tulin Ozcan, MD
Maternal Fetal Medicine Specialist
Inova Medical Campus
Debra L Palazzi, MD, MEd
Section Editor — Pediatric Infectious Diseases
Professor of Pediatrics, Infectious Diseases Section
Baylor College of Medicine
Joel M Palefsky, MD
Professor
University of California San Francisco
Past President, International Papillomavirus Society
Past President, International Anal Neoplasia Society
Paul M Palevsky, MD
Section Editor — Acute Kidney Injury
Professor of Medicine
University of Pittsburgh
VA Pittsburgh Healthcare System
Biff F Palmer, MD
Professor of Internal Medicine
University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center
Alessandra Palmisano, MD, PhD
Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine
University of Parma, Italy
Manisha Palta, MD
Associate Professor of Radiation Oncology
Duke University
Pratik Pandharipande, MD, MSCI
Professor of Anesthesiology and Surgery
Vanderbilt University School of Medicine
Jaideep J Pandit, MA, BM, DPhil, FRCA, FFPMRCA, DM
Professor of Anaesthesia
University of Oxford
John E Pandolfino, MD
Professor of Medicine
Feinberg School of Medicine, Northwestern University
Allan J Pantuck, MD, MS, FACS
Associate Professor
UCLA David Geffen School of Medicine
Marie Fidela R Paraiso, MD, FACOG, FPMRS
Vice Chair, Urogynecology & Reconstructive Surgery
OB/GYN Institute, Cleveland Clinic
Profess or Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
Cleveland Clinic Lerner College of Medicine at Case Western University
Aparna R Parikh, MD, MS
Associate Professor of Medicine
Harvard Medical School
Samir M Parikh, MD
Professor of Internal Medicine and Pharmacology
UT Southwestern Medical Center
Samir V Parikh, MD
Assistant Professor of Clinical Medicine
Division of Nephrology
The Ohio State University Medical Center
Kenneth M Pariser, MD
Chief of Clinical Rheumatology
Brigham and Women's Faulkner Hospital
Associate Professor of Medici
Manoj Pariyadath, MD
Ultrasound Director
Assistant Professor of Emergency Medicine
Wake Forest University Baptist Medical Center
Amy J Park, MD
Section Head, Female Pelvic Medicine & Reconstructive Surgery
OB/GYN Institute, Cleveland Clinic
Ina Park, MD, MS
Associate Professor
Department of Family and Community Medicine
UCSF School of Medicine
John K Park, MD, PhD
Professor of Clinical Neurological Surgery
Weill Cornell Medical College
Chief of Neurological Surgery
NewYork-Presbyterian Queens Hospital
Joong Shin Park, MD, PhD
Professor and Chairman, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology
Seoul National University College of Medicine, Korea
Song Youn Park, MD
Acting Instructor, Division of Dermatology
University of Washington
Pamela Parker
Patient Perspective Author – Peripheral artery disease
William H Parker, MD
Clinical Professor
Ob Gyn and Reproductive Sciences
UC San Diego School of Medicine
Shalini Paruthi, MD
Adjunct Professor
Saint Louis University School of Medicine
Pankaj J Pasricha, MD
Chair, Department of Medicine
Mayo Clinic in Arizona
Marc A Passman, MD
Professor of Surgery
University of Alabama at Birmingham
Mark S Pasternack, MD
Associate Professor of Pediatrics
Harvard Medical School
Nishaben Patel, MD
Associate Professor of Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology & Nutrition
University of Rochester Medical Center, Golisano Children's Hospital
Sameer H Patel, MD, CMQ
Assistant Professor of Surgery
The University of Cincinnati Medical Center
Shreyaskumar R Patel, MD
Center Medical Director, Sarcoma Center
Professor of Medicine and Deputy Chairman
Department of Sarcoma Medical Oncology
MD Anderson Cancer Center
The University of Texas
Sutchin Patel, MD
Adjunct Clinical Assistant Professor, Department of Urology
University of Wisconsin School of Medicine and Public Health
Rajita Patil, MD, FACOG
Assistant Clinical Professor, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology
David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA
Eric M Pauli, MD
David L Nahrwold Professor of Surgery
Penn State Hershey Medical Center
Timothy M Pawlik, MD, MPH, PhD, FACS, RACS (Hon.)
Professor of Surgery, Oncology, and Health Services Management and Policy
The Ohio State University, Wexner Medical Center
Benjamin J Pearce, MD, FACS
Associate Professor and Program Director
Vascular Surgery and Endovascular Therapy
University of Alabama at Birmingham
Katrina S Pedersen, MD, MS
Assistant Professor of Medicine
Washington University School of Medicine
Anne Peery, MD, MSCR
Associate Professor of Medicine
University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
John H Pemberton, MD
Professor of Surgery
Mayo Clinic and Mayo Medical School
Robert M Penner, BSc, MD, FRCPC, MSc
Assistant Clinical Professor
University of British Columbia
David F Penson, MD, MPH
Professor of Urologic Surgery
Director of Vanderbilt Center for Surgical Quality and Outcomes Research
Mark A Peppercorn, MD
Professor of Medicine Emeritus
Harvard Medical School
Elizabeth Peralta, MD
Surgical Oncologist
Sutter Pacific Medical Foundation
Mark A Perazella, MD, FACP
Professor of Medicine
Yale University School of Medicine
Molly Perencevich, MD
Brigham and Women’s Hospital
Associate Physician
Alexander Perez, MD, MSHCT, FACS
Professor and Division Chief
Le Roy Hillyer, MD, Endowed Chair in Surgery
University of Texas Medical Branch
Leigh Perreault, MD
Associate Professor of Medicine
University of Colorado Anschutz Medical Campus
Associate Professor of Epidemiology
Colorado School of Public Health
Nancy D Perrier, MD, FACS
Professor
The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center
Catherine E Perron, MD
Assistant Professor of Pediatrics
Harvard Medical School
Alissa Perrucci, PhD, MPH
Counseling & Administrative Manager
University of California, San Francisco
Holly Perry, MD
Assistant Professor of Pediatrics
University of Massachusetts School of Medicine
Beth N Peshkin, MS, CGC
Professor of Oncology, Certified Genetic Counselor
Georgetown Lombardi Comprehensive Cancer Center
Jess and Mildred Fisher Center for Hereditary Cancer and Clinical Genomics Research
Rebecca P Petersen, MD, MSc
Associate Professor
University of Washington
Andrew Peterson, MD, MPH, FACS
Professor of Urologic Surgery
Duke University Medical Center
Clayton C Petro, MD
Assistant Professor of Surgery
Lerner College of Medicine
Cleveland Clinic Center for Abdominal Core Health
Curtis A Pettaway, MD
Professor of Urology
University of Texas
Kurt Pfeifer, MD, FACP, SFHM
Chief, Section of Perioperative and Consultative Medicine
Professor of Medicine – General Internal Medicine
Medical College of Wisconsin
Tam N Pham, MD
Professor of Surgery
University of Washington
Phillip M Pierorazio, MD
Chief, Section of Urology
Penn Presbyterian Medical Center
University of Pennsylvania
Eugene J Pietzak, MD
Assistant Attending Surgeon, Urology Service
Department of Surgery
Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer
Assistant Professor of Urology
Weill Medical College of Cornell University
Allyson Pishko, MD MSCE
Assistant Professor
Perelman School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania
Louis L Pisters, MD
Professor
The University of Texas School of Medicine
MD Anderson Cancer Center
Sharon E Plon, MD, PhD
Dan L. Duncan Cancer Center
Professor
Pediatrics/Hematology-Oncology
Molecular and Human Genetics
Human Genome Sequencing Center
Baylor College of Medicine
Philip J Podrid, MD, FACC
Professor of Medicine, Professor of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics
Boston University School of Medicine
Lecturer, Harvard Medical School
Todd A Ponsky, MD, FACS
Professor of Surgery
University of Cincinnati
Michel Pontari, MD
Professor of Urology
Temple University School of Medicine
Colin S Poon, MD, PhD, FRCPC
Radiologist
Providence St Peter Hospital, Olympia, WA
Thaddeus M Pope, JD, PhD, HEC-C
Professor, Mitchell Hamline School of Law
Neelakantan Prakash, MD
MIS Thoracic and Foregut Fellow
Swedish Medical Center
Bhanu Prasad, MRCP (UK), CCST, FRCPC
Clinical Associate Professor of Medicine
University of Saskatchewan
Glenn M Preminger, MD
Section Editor — Renal Ureteral Stones
Professor of Urologic Surgery
Duke University Medical Center
Historian
Endourological Society
Mark A Preston, MD, MPH
Associate Professor of Surgery
Harvard Medical School
Kathleen I Pritchard, MD, FRCPC
Professor Emerita
Division of Medical Oncology
Department of Medicine
University of Toronto
Medical Oncologist
Sunnybrook Odette Cancer Centre
Senior Scientist
Sunnybrook Research Institute
Toronto, Canada
Aaron R Prosnitz, MD
Levine Children's Congenital Heart Center
Assistant Clinical Professor
Wake Forest School of Medicine
Atrium Health
Aurora Pryor, MD, MBA
Surgeon in Chief
Long Island Jewish Medical Center
System Director for Bariatric Surgery
Northwell Health
Sanoj Punnen, MD, MAS
Associate Professor, Department of Urology
Miller School of Medicine, University of Miami and Sylvester Comprehensive Cancer Center
Ferenc Puskas, MD, PhD, MBA
Professor of Anesthesiology
George Washington University School of Medicine and Health Sciences
Zaffer Qasim, MBBS, FRCEM, FRCPC(EM), EDIC
Associate Professor of Emergency Medicine and Critical Care
Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania
L Darryl Quarles, MD
Section Editor — Renal Osteodystrophy
Adjunct Professor
Department of Medicine
Duke University
Professor Emeritus
College of Medicine
The University of Tennessee Health Science Center
James V Quinn, MD, MS
Palo Alto Foundation Medical Group
Emeritus Professor of Emergency Medicine
Stanford University
Rob R Quinn, MD, PhD, FRCPC
Associate Professor
Departments of Medicine & Community Health Sciences
University of Calgary, Canada
Nephrologist
Foothills Medical Centre
Calgary, Canada
Jeanne M Quivey, MD, FACR
Professor
Clinical Radiation Oncology
University of California, San Francisco
Jai Radhakrishnan, MD, MS
Professor of Medicine
Columbia University Medical Center
Kanwal Raghav, MD
Assistant Professor
The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center
Houston, TX
Krishnan Raghavendran, MD, FACS
Section Editor — Acute care general surgery
Professor of Surgery
University of Michigan
Frederic F Rahbari-Oskoui, MD, MSCR
Professor of Medicine
Emory University School of Medicine
Ali Raja, MD, MBA, MPH
Professor, Mooney-Reed Endowed Chair, and Executive Vice Chair
Harvard Medical School and Massachusetts General Hospital
Mark E Ralston, MD, MPH
Assistant Professor of Pediatrics
Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences
Suresh S Ramalingam, MD
Professor
Director of Medical Oncology
Department of Hematology and Medical Oncology
Emory University, Winship Cancer Institute
Patrick S Ramsey, MD, MSPH
Professor, OB/GYN Chief, Division of Maternal Fetal Medicine
Director, Maternal-Fetal Medicine Fellowship
Medical Director, Maternal Transport
University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio
Chris Ramsook, MD
Attending Physician
Phoenix Children's Hospital
Gregory W Randolph, MD, FACS
Associate Professor in Otology & Laryngology
Harvard Medical School
Roshni Rao, MD
Chief, Breast Surgery
Vivian L. Milstein Associate Professor of Surgery
New York Presbyterian/Columbia University Medical Center
Shyam SD Rao, MD, PhD
Associate Professor of Radiation Oncology
University of California Davis Comprehensive Cancer Center
Todd E Rasmussen, MD, FACS, COL, USAF, MC
Professor and Vice Chair of Education
Department of Surgery
Consultant
Division of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery
Mayo Clinic
Rochester, Minnesota
Chandrajit P Raut, MD, MSc, FACS
Professor of Surgery, Harvard Medical School
Division of Surgical Oncology, Brigham and Women's Hospital
Center for Sarcoma and Bone Oncology, Dana-Farber Cancer Institute
Vinod Ravi, MD
Associate Professor
Sarcoma Medical Oncology
MD Anderson Cancer Center
The University of Texas
Daniel P Raymond, MD
Thoracic Surgeon
The Cleveland Clinic
Andrei Rebarber, MD
Clinical Professor, Department of Obstetrics & Gynecology
Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai
President, Carnegie Imaging for Women, PLLC
President, Maternal Fetal Medicine Assoc, PLLC
Howard A Reber, MD
Professor of Surgery
David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA
Jhansi Reddy, MD, FACOG
Assistant Professor of Clinical Obstetrics and Gynecology
Weill Cornell Medicine
K Rajender Reddy, MD
Professor of Medicine
Professor of Medicine in Surgery
University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine
Amy B Reed, MD
Vascular Surgeon
Tidelands MUSC Health
Murrells Inlet, SC
Susan D Reed, MD, MPH
Professor, Vice Chair
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology
Adjunct
Department of Epidemiology
Harborview Medical Center
University of Washington School of Medicine
Arie Regev, MD
Adjunct Associate Professor of Medicine
Indiana University School of Medicine
Miguel Regueiro, MD, AGAF, FACG, FACP
Chair, Digestive Disease and Surgery Institute
Cleveland Clinic
Professor of Medicine
David E Reichman, MD
Associate Professor
The Ronald O Perelman Claudia Cohen Center for Reproductive Medicine
New York Presbyterian Hospital
Weill Cornell Medical College
Mattea Reinisch, MD, PhD
Breast Cancer Specialist
Kliniken Essen-Mitte
Hans-Oliver Rennekampff, MD
Professor of Plastic Surgery
Rhein-Maas Klinikum
Aachen Würselen
Germany
Rocco Ricciardi, MD, MPH
Chief, Section of Colon and Rectal Surgery
Massachusetts General Hospital
Associate Professor of Surgery
Harvard Medical School
Phillip L Rice, Jr, MD
Instructor in Medicine
Harvard Medical School
Phoebe Rich, MD
Adjunct Professor of Dermatology
Oregon Health and Science University
David Richards, MD, FACEP
Associate Professor of Emergency Medicine
University of Colorado School of Medicine
Jerome P Richie, MD, FACS
Section Editor — Cancer of the Urethra, Penis, and Ureter; Urologic Surgery; Prostate Cancer
Elliott Carr Cutler Professor of Surgery
Harvard Medical School
Michael R Rickels, MD, MS
Willard and Rhoda Ware Professor in Diabetes and Metabolic Diseases
University of Pennsylvania Perelman School of Medicine
Leslie M Rickey, MD, MPH
Associate Professor
Yale School of Medicine
David M Rind, MD
Section Editor — General Medicine
Chief Medical Officer
Institute for Clinical and Economic Review
Assistant Professor of Medicine, Part-time
Harvard Medical School
David Ring, MD, PhD
Associate Dean for Comprehensive Care
Dell Medical School, University of Texas at Austin
David E Rivadeneira, MD, MBA, FACS, FASCRS
Professor of Surgery
Hofstra University School of Medicine
Mack Roach, III, MD
Professor of Radiation Oncology and Urology
University of California, San Francisco
Department of Radiation Oncology
Helen Diller Family Comprehensive Cancer Center
Mark G Roback, MD
Section Head, Emergency Medicine
Children's Hospital Colorado
Professor of Pediatrics
University of Colorado School of Medicine
Anne Roberts, MD
Professor of Radiology
UCSD Medical School
Ingram Roberts, MD, MBA
Clinical Professor of Medicine (Adjunct)
Temple University School of Medicine
Carrie Elizabeth Robertson, MD
Section Editor - Headache (Neurology)
Associate Professor of Neurology
Mayo Clinic College of Medicine and Science
R Paul Robertson, MD
Professor Emeritus
University of Washington
University of Minnesota
Kristen M Robson, MD, MBA, FACG
Deputy Editor — Gastroenterology/Hepatology
Assistant Professor
Tufts University School of Medicine
James W Rocco, MD, PhD, FACS
Professor and John and Mary Alford Chair of Head and Neck Surgery
The Ohio State University Wexner Medical Center
Michael Rocco, MD, MS
Professor of Medicine
Wake Forest School of Medicine
Flavio G Rocha, MD
Professor of Surgery
Oregon Health and Science University
Meredith Rochon, MD
Associate Professor
University of South Florida Morsani College of Medicine
Chief, Division of Maternal Fetal Medicine
Department of Ob/Gyn
Lehigh Valley Health Network
Paula A Rochon, MD, MPH, FRCPC
Founding Director, Women’s Age Lab, Women’s College Hospital
Professor, Department of Medicine
RTO/ERO Chair in Geriatric Medicine
University of Toronto, Canada
Don C Rockey, MD
Chairman, Department of Medicine
Medical University of South Carolina
Linda H Rodgers, MGC, CGC
Genetic Counselor
Massachusetts General Hospital Center for Cancer Risk Assessment
Andrea H Roe, MD, MPH
Assistant Professor
Perelman School of Medicine
University of Pennsylvania
Alan D Rogers, MBChB, FC Plast Surg, MMed, FRCSI, MSc, FACS
Associate Professor
Division of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, University of Toronto
Attending Plastic Surgeon
Ross Tilley Burn Centre, Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre
Sanziana Roman, MD, FACS
Professor of Surgery
University of California, San Francisco
Kathleen S Romanowski, MD, FACS
Associate Professor of Clinical Surgery
University of California
Davis and Shriners Hospitals for Children Northern California
Neil Romberg, MD
Associate Professor of Pediatrics
University of Pennsylvania
Attending Physician
Children's Hospital of Philadelphia
Guy Rordorf, MD
Associate Professor of Neurology
Harvard Medical School
Michael Rosen, MD
Section Editor — Hernia Surgery
Professor of Surgery
Cleveland Clinic Foundation
Raymond C Rosen, PhD
Adjunct Full Professor of Psychiatry
UCSF School of Medicine, San Francisco, CA
Harvey K Rosenbaum, MD
Clinical Professor of Anesthesiology and Perioperative Medicine
David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA
Member, MHAUS Professional Advisory Council
Stanley Rosenbaum, MA, MD
Professor Emeritus
Yale School of Medicine
Henry Rosenberg, MD
President Emeritus, Malignant Hyperthermia Association of the United States
Jonathan E Rosenberg, MD
Attending Physician, Professor
Chief, Genitourinary Oncology Service
Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center
Weill-Cornell Medical College
Meg A Rosenblatt, MD
Professor of Anesthesiology and Orthopaedics
Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai
Norman D Rosenblum, MD, FRCP
Professor of Pediatrics
University of Toronto
Richard Rosenquist, MD
Chairman, Pain Management Department
Neurological Institute
Cleveland Clinic
Robert S Rosenson, MD
Section Editor — Lipids
Professor of Medicine
Mount Sinai School of Medicine
Director, Metabolism and Lipids
Mount Sinai Health System
Michael H Rosenthal, MD, PhD
Assistant Professor of Radiology
Dana-Farber Cancer Institute and Harvard Medical School
Raul J Rosenthal, MD, FACS, FASMBS
Chairman
Department of General Surgery
Director, The Bariatric and Metabolic Institute at Cleveland Clinic, Weston, Florida
Clinical Professor of Surgery
Herbert Wertheim School of Medicine at Florida International University
Mitchell H Rosner, MD
Professor of Medicine
University of Virginia Health System
Douglas S Ross, MD
Section Editor — Thyroid Disease
Professor of Medicine
Harvard Medical School
Natalia S Rost, MD, MPH
Professor of Neurology
Harvard Medical School
Jayanta Roy-Chowdhury, MD, MRCP, AGAF, FAASLD
Professor of Medicine and Genetics
Albert Einstein College of Medicine
Namita Roy-Chowdhury, PhD, FAASLD
Professor of Medicine and Genetics
Albert Einstein College of Medicine
Wenly Ruan, MD
Assistant Professor
Baylor College of Medicine
Kathryn J Ruddy, MD, MPH
Director of Cancer Survivorship, Department of Oncology
Professor of Oncology
Mayo Clinic
Michael R Rudnick, MD
Associate Professor of Medicine
University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine
Fadel E Ruiz, MD
Assistant Professor of Pediatrics
Baylor College of Medicine
Bruce A Runyon, MD, FAASLD
Section Editor — Cirrhosis and Its Complications
Special Hepatology Consultant to the Indian Health Service
Northern Navajo Medical Center, Shiprock, New Mexico
Melissa L Russo, MD
Assistant Professor of Obstetrics & Gynecology, Maternal-Fetal Medicine, and Clinical Geneticist
Alpert School of Medicine at Brown University
Rachel M Russo, MD, MS, NHDP-BC, FACS
Assistant Professor of Surgery
University of California Davis
Assistant Professor of Surgery
Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences
Seward B Rutkove, MD
Professor of Neurology
Harvard Medical School
Christopher W Ryan, MD
Professor
Oregon Health & Science University
Knight Cancer Institute
Marsha Ryan, MD, JD, FACS
Adjunct Professor, School of Law
Southern Illinois University
Kenneth G Saag, MD, MSc
Professor of Medicine
University of Alabama at Birmingham
Jeremiah J Sabado, MD
Clinical Instructor of Radiology and Pediatrics
Sidney Kimmel Medical College of Thomas Jefferson University
Michael S Sabel, MD
Professor of Surgery
University of Michigan Medical School
Sabina Sabharwal, MD, MPH
Assistant Professor in Pediatrics
Harvard Medical School
Katherine Sage, MS, DO
Associate Professor and Clinical Faculty
Michigan State University College of Osteopathic Medicine
Rajiv Saini, MD
Clinical Instructor, Department of Urology
Downstate Medical College
Richard A Saladino, MD
Professor of Pediatrics
University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine
Gayle Rudofsky Salama, MD
Assistant Professor of Clinical Radiology
Weill Cornell Medical College
Ritu Salani, MD, MBA
Professor of Obstetrics and Gynecology
Division of Gynecologic Oncology
David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA
Jose H Salazar, MD, PhD
Assistant Professor of Surgery
Medical College of Wisconsin
Benjamin E Saltman, MD
Assistant Professor of Otolaryngology
Division of Head and Neck Surgery
Hofstra North Shore LIJ School of Medicine
John R Saltzman, MD, FACP, FACG, FASGE, AGAF
Section Editor — Therapeutic and Diagnostic Endoscopy
Professor of Medicine
Harvard Medical School
Carlo Salvarani, MD
Professor of Rheumatology
University of Modena and Reggio Emilia
Azienda Unità Sanitaria Locale – IRCCS – di Reggio Emilia and Azienda Ospedaliero-Universitaria di Modena
Wolfram E Samlowski, MD
Comprehensive Cancer Centers of Nevada (Las Vegas)
Clinical Professor, University of Nevada, Reno
Clinical Professor, University of Nevada, Las Vegas
Tarik Sammour, MBChB, FRACS, PhD, CSSANZ
Associate Professor of Surgery, University of Adelaide
Colorectal Surgeon, Royal Adelaide Hospital
Hanna K Sanoff, MD, MPH
Associate Professor
University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
Carlos AQ Santos, MD, MPHS
Associate Professor of Medicine
Rush University Medical Center
Arun J Sanyal, MD
Professor of Medicine
Virginia Commonwealth University School of Medicine
Robert B Saper, MD, MPH
Chair, Department of Wellness and Preventive Medicine
Cleveland Clinic
Babak Sarani, MD, FACS, FCCM
Professor of Surgery and Emergency Medicine
Director, Center for Trauma and Critical Care
George Washington University
Muhamed Saric, MD, PhD, FACC, FASE
Associate Professor of Medicine — Noninvasive Cardiology
New York University School of Medicine
George A Sarosi, Jr, MD
Robert H. Hux Professor
Department of Surgery
University of Florida College of Medicine
Alton Oliver Sartor, MD
Section Editor — Prostate Cancer
Professor of Medical Oncology
Mayo Clinic
David J Sas, DO, MPH
Assistant Professor, Division of Pediatric Nephrology and Hypertension
Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN
Andrew J Satin, MD, FACOG
The Dorothy Edwards Professor and Director of Gynecology and Obstetrics
Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine
Kai Saukkonen, MD
Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine
Massachusetts General Hospital
Assistant Professor of Medicine
Harvard Medical School
Nicole M Saur, MD, FACS, FASCRS
Associate Professor of Surgery
University of Pennsylvania
Perelman School of Medicine
Richard H Savel, MD, MBA, FCCM
Professor of Clinical Medicine
SUNY Downstate College of Medicine
Anthony J Schaeffer, MD
Herman L Kretschmer Professor
Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine
Julie V Schaffer, MD
Attending in Pediatric Dermatology
Director, Pediatric Dermatology Fellowship
Division of Pediatric & Adolescent Dermatology
Hackensack University Medical Center
Morris Schambelan, MD
Professor Emeritus of Medicine
University of California San Francisco
Michael Schatz, MD, MS
Clinical Professor, Department of Medicine
University of California San Diego School of Medicine
Steven J Scheinman, MD
Dean Emeritus
Geisinger Commonwealth School of Medicine
Robert S Schenken, MD
Professor of Obstetrics and Gynecology
University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio
Larry A Scher, MD, FACS
Professor of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Surgery
Albert Einstein College of Medicine
Montefiore Medical Center
Bradley Schiff, MD
Associate Professor
Albert Einstein College of Medicine
Rachel Schiff, PhD
Professor
Departments of Medicine and Molecular Cell Biology
Lester and Sue Smith Breast Center
Baylor College of Medicine
Steven E Schild, MD
Section Editor — Radiation Therapy
Emeritus Professor of Radiation Oncology
Mayo Clinic College of Medicine
Carl Schmidt, MD
Professor of Surgery
West Virginia University
Rebecca J Schmidt, DO, FACP
Professor of Medicine
West Virginia University School of Medicine
Arthur B Schneider, MD, PhD
Professor Emeritus of Medicine
University of Illinois at Chicago College of Medicine
Kasmintan A Schrader, MBBS, FRCPC, PhD
Medical Genetics
University of British Columbia
Jason Schrager, MD
Assistant Professor of Surgery
University of Cincinnati
Steven D Schwaitzberg, MD, FACS
Professor and Chairman
Jacobs School of Medicine
University at Buffalo, The State University of New York
David A Schwartz, MD
Professor of Medicine
Vanderbilt University
Jonathan M Schwartz, MD
Professor of Clinical Medicine
Montefiore Medical Center/Albert Einstein College of Medicine
Sarah Jane Schwarzenberg, MD
Professor of Pediatrics
Director, Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition
University of Minnesota Masonic Children's Hospital
Francesco Scolari, MD
Associate Professor of Nephrology
University of Brescia
Sherry Scovell, MD, FACS
Assistant Professor in Surgery, Part Time
Harvard Medical School/Massachusetts General Hospital
Sandeep J Sebastin Muttath, MMed, FAMS
Senior Consultant Hand Surgeon
Orthopaedic and Hand Surgery Partners
Gleneagles Hospital, Singapore
Uwe Seitz, MD
Bergstrasse Medical Center, Heppenheim
University Hospital Heidelberg, Germany
Jesse Selber, MD, MPH
Surgery Service Line Chief
Professor of Plastic Surgery
Corewell Health East
Gennaro Selvaggi, MD
Associate Professor of Clinical Surgery
University of Miami Miller School of Medicine
Indrani Sen, MD
Assistant Professor of Surgery
Mayo Clinic College of Medicine and Science
Pearl H Seo, MD, MPH
Assistant Professor
Sylvester Cancer Center
University of Miami School of Medicine
David Seres, MD
Section Editor — Nutrition
Director of Medical Nutrition
Professor of Medicine in the Institute for Human Nutrition
Columbia University Vagelos College of Physicians and Surgeons
Emmanuel Seront, MD, PhD
Department of Medical Oncology
Institut Roi Albert II, Cliniques Universitaires Saint-Luc, Catholic University of Louvain, Brussels, Belgium
Daniel Sessler, MD
Michael Cudahy Professor and Chair
Outcomes Research Consortium
Anesthesiology Institute
Cleveland Clinic
Daniel J Sexton, MD
Editor-in-Chief — Infectious Diseases
Section Editor — Bacterial Infections
Professor of Medicine
Duke University Medical Center
Anna K Sfakianaki, MD
Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology and Reproductive Sciences
University of Miami Miller School of Medicine
Ajul Shah, MD
Chief
The Center for Hand and Upper Extremity Surgery
The Institute for Advanced Reconstruction
Neeral L Shah, MD
Associate Professor, Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology
University of Virginia
Parth S Shah, MBBS, FACS
Vascular and Endovascular Surgeon
Hartford Hospital
Assistant Professor of Surgery
University of Connecticut School of Medicine
Raj J Shah, MD, MASGE, AGAF, FACG
Professor of Medicine, University of Colorado School of Medicine
Director, Pancreas and Biliary Endoscopy
Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, University of Colorado Hospital, Anschutz Medical Campus
Shimul A Shah, MD, MHCM
The James & Catherine Orr Endowed Chair of Liver Transplantation
Associate Professor of Surgery
Director, Liver Transplantation and Hepatobiliary Surgery
University of Cincinnati
Shinil K Shah, DO, EdD, FACS
Associate Professor of Surgery
McGovern Medical School
University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston
Shahriar Shahrokhi, MD, FRCSC, FACS
Burn Surgeon
Hamilton General Hospital
Associate Professor
McMaster University
Department of Surgery
Nader Shaikh, MD
Professor of Pediatrics
University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine
Amir A Shamshirsaz, MD
Assistant Professor of Maternal Fetal Medicine/Surgical Critical Care
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology/Division of Maternal Fetal Medicine
Department of Medicine/Division of Pulmonary Critical Care
Texas Children's Hospital/Pavilion for Women
Baylor College of Medicine
Elizabeth Shane, MD
Professor of Medicine
Columbia University Irving Medical Center
Asif Sharfuddin, MD, FASN, FAST
Associate Professor of Clinical Medicine, Division of Nephrology and Transplant
Department of Medicine, Indiana University School of Medicine
Shahrokh F Shariat, MD, PhD
Professor and Chairman
Department of Urology
Medical University of Vienna
Adjunct Professor of Urology and Medical Oncology
Weill Medical College of Cornell University
Adjunct Professor of Urology
University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center
Priyanka Sharma, MD
Professor of Medicine
University of Kansas Medical Center
Howard T Sharp, MD
Section Editor — Gynecologic Surgery
Professor and Vice Chair for Clinical Activities
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology
University of Utah Health Sciences Center
Palma Shaw, MD
Professor of Surgery
SUNY Upstate Medical University
Paul Shekelle, MD
Professor of Medicine
UCLA Medical School
Bo Shen, MD, AGAF, FACG, FASGE
The Edelman and Jarislowsky Professor of Surgical Sciences;
Professor of Medicine and Surgical Sciences (in surgery)
Vice Chair for Innovation, Departments of Medicine and Surgery
Director of IBD Section and Center for Interventional IBD
Columbia University Irving Medical Center/New York Presbyterian Hospital
Jeannie Shen, MD
Breast Surgeon
Cedars-Sinai Medical Center
David J Sher, MD, MPH
Professor of Radiation Oncology
UT Southwestern Medical Center
Amandeep Shergill, MD, MS
Professor of Clinical Medicine
University of CA, San Francisco/ San Francisco VA Medical
Eric J Sherman, MD
Assistant Attending Physician
Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center
Sunil G Sheth, MD
Associate Professor of Medicine
Harvard Medical School
David Shibata, MD
Professor and Chair
Department of Surgery
University of Tennessee Health Science Center
Grace Shih, MD, MAS
Associate Professor
Department of Family Medicine
University of Washington
Helen A Shih, MD, MS, MPH
Section Editor — Radiation Oncology
Professor of Radiation Oncology
Harvard Medical School
Attending Radiation Oncologist
Massachusetts General Hospital
Karin K Shih, MD
Assistant Professor
Obstetrics & Gynecology
Zucker School of Medicine at Hofstra/Northwell
Laura Shin, DPM, PhD
Assistant Professor of Clinical Surgery
Department of Surgery
Division of Vascular Surgery & Endovascular Therapy
Keck School of Medicine of University of Southern California
Jason M Shohet, MD, PhD
Division Chair, Pediatric Hematology/Oncology
University of Massachusetts Medical School
Cynthia K Shortell, MD
Chief of Staff, Department of Surgery
Professor and Chief, Vascular and Endovascular Surgery
Division of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery
Duke University Medical Center
Alexander N Shoushtari, MD
Assistant Attending Physician
Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center
Instructor
Weill Medical College of Cornell University
Brian Shuch, MD
Associate Professor of Urology
Henry Alvin and Carrie L. Meinhardt Chair in Kidney Cancer Research
Kidney Cancer Program Director, UCLA Institute of Urologic Oncology
Department of Urology, David Geffen School of Medicine, UCLA
Ann W Silk, MD, MS
Physician, Dana-Farber Cancer Institute
Assistant Professor, Harvard Medical School
Angelica Silva Figueroa, MD
Assistant Professor
University Finis Terrae
Staff Surgeon
RedSalud Clinic Avansalud, East Metropolitan Health Service
Shonni J Silverberg, MD
Professor of Medicine
Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons
Ronald J Simon, MD
Director, Trauma Surgery
Director, Surgical ICU
Maimonides Medical Center
Brooklyn, NY
Alexis N Simpkins, MD, PhD, MSCR, FAHA, FANA, FAAN
Staff Clinician, Vascular Neurology Division
Department of Neurology, Cedars Sinai Medical Center
Kelly Sinclair, MD
Professor of Pediatrics
The Children's Mercy Hospital
Division of Emergency Medicine
Amit G Singal, MD
Associate Professor of Medicine
UT Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas TX
Robert J Singer, MD
Director, Neurovascular Therapeutics
Menorah Medical Center
Anupama Singh, MD
Jack Mitchell Thoracic Surgery Oncology Research Fellow
Thoracic Surgery, Brigham and Women's Hospital
Kamaljeet Singh, MD
Associate Professor of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine
Alpert Medical School of Brown University
Michael S Sinha, MD, JD, MPH
Assistant Professor of Law
Saint Louis University School of Law
Nicole Siparsky, MD, FACS, FCCM
Associate Professor of Surgery
Rush Medical College
Rush University Medical Center
Department of Surgery
Chief, Acute Care Surgery and Surgical Critical Care
Surgical Director, Adult Intensive Care Unit
Jennifer A Sipos, MD
Professor of Medicine
The Ohio State University College of Medicine
Rebecca S Sippel, MD, FACS
Chief of Endocrine Surgery
Associate Professor of Surgery
University of Wisconsin School of Medicine and Public Health
Claude B Sirlin, MD
Professor of Radiology
Director, Liver Imaging Group
UC San Diego
Priscilla J Slanetz, MD, MPH, FACR
Professor of Radiology
Boston University Medical Center
Peter D Slinger, MD, FRCPC
Section Editor — Thoracic/Vascular Anesthesia
Professor of Anesthesia
Toronto General Hospital
Matthew R Smeds, MD, FACS, DFSVS
Professor of Surgery, Department of Surgery
Saint Louis University
Gerald W Smetana, MD
Professor of Medicine
Harvard Medical School
Douglas Smink, MD, MPH
Professor of Surgery
Harvard Medical School
C Christopher Smith, MD
Associate Professor of Medicine
Harvard Medical School
Jodi Smith, MD, MPH
Professor of Pediatrics
University of Washington
Joseph A Smith, MD
Professor and Chairman of Urologic Surgery
Vanderbilt University School of Medicine
Matthew R Smith, MD, PhD
Professor of Medicine
Harvard Medical School
Massachusetts General Hospital Cancer Center
Richard V Smith, MD
Professor and Chair, Otorhinolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery
Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Montefiore Medical Center
Valeria Smith, MD
Assistant Professor, Department of Pediatrics, Section of Hematology/Oncology
Baylor College of Medicine
Charles Jason Smithers, MD
Associate Professor of Surgery
Johns Hopkins University
Greg Snead, MD
Chief of Emergency Ultrasound
University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences
Peter J Snyder, MD
Editor-in-Chief — Endocrinology
Section Editor — Pituitary Disease; Male Reproductive Endocrinology
Professor of Medicine
University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine
Daniel H Solomon, MD, MPH
Matthew H. Liang Distinguished Chair in Arthritis and Population Health
Professor of Medicine
Harvard Medical School
Carmen C Solórzano, MD, FACS, FSSO
Professor of Surgery
Vanderbilt University Medical Center
Shiyu Song, MD, PhD
Professor of Radiation Oncology
Virginia Commonwealth University Health System
Maximillian Soong, MD
Assistant Professor of Orthopaedic Surgery
Boston University School of Medicine
David E Soper, MD
Professor and Senior Medical Director of Women's Health
Medical University of South Carolina
Nathaniel J Soper, MD, FACS
Professor and Chairman
University of Arizona College of Medicine
Julie Ann Sosa, MD, MA, FACS
Leon Goldman, MD Distinguished Professor
Chair, Department of Surgery
Professor, Department of Medicine
University of California San Francisco (UCSF)
Jeffrey A Sosman, MD
Professor of Medicine
Robert H. Lurie Comprehensive Cancer Center of Northwestern
Michael C Soult, MD, RPVI, FACS
Assistant Professor, Loyola University Chicago
Department of Surgery, Division of Vascular Surgery and Endovascular Therapy
Michelle Sowden, MD
Associate Professor of Surgery
The University of Vermont
David I Soybel, MD
Editor-in-Chief — General Surgery
Section Editor — Upper GI Surgery
Professor of Surgery
Geisel School of Medicine at Dartmouth
Stuart J Spechler, MD
Chief, Division of Gastroenterology
Co-Director, Center for Esophageal Diseases
Baylor University Medical Center at Dallas
Investigator/Professor
Co-Director, Center for Esophageal Research
Baylor Scott and White Research Institute
Jacqueline Speed, MD
North Shore Physicians Group
Denis Spelman, MBBS, FRACP, FRCPA, MPH
Section Editor — Bacterial Infections
Adjunct Professor
Monash University
Philippe E Spiess, MD, MS, FRCSC
Professor
Assistant chief of surgery
Moffitt Cancer Center
The University of South Florida
Danielle A Stamm, RN, MSN, FNP-BC
Clinical Coordinator and Lead Advanced Practice Nurse
Center for Advanced Intestinal Rehabilitation
Boston Children's Hospital
Michael P Stany, MD
Associate Professor
University of Tennessee Health Sciences Center
Department of Gynecologic Oncology
St. Thomas Midtown Hospital
F Bruder Stapleton, MD
Editor-in-Chief — Pediatrics
Section Editor — Pediatric Nephrology
Professor and Chair, Department of Pediatrics
University of Washington School of Medicine
Paul Stark, MD
Professor of Radiology
University of California San Diego
Graeme S Steele, MBBCh, FCS
Assistant Professor of Surgery
Harvard Medical School
Katherine T Steele, MD
Assistant Professor
Department of Dermatology
University of Pennsylvania
Scott R Steele, MD, MBA, FACS, FASCRS
Professor of Surgery
Cleveland Clinic Lerner College of Medicine of Case Western Reserve University
Department of Colorectal Surgery, President, Main Campus
Cleveland Clinic
Jennifer A Stein, MD, PhD
Associate Professor of Dermatology
NYU School of Medicine
Sharon L Stein, MD, FACS, FASCRS
Associate Professor of Surgery
University Hospitals/Case Medical Center
Jody Steinauer, MD, MAS, PhD
Section Editor — Family Planning
Professor
Obstetrics, Gynecology and Reproductive Sciences
University of California, San Francisco
Theodore I Steinman, MD
Professor of Medicine
Harvard Medical School
Kerstin M Stenson, MD, FACS
Professor of Otolaryngology
Chief, Head and Neck Cancer Program, Rush University Medical Center
Department of Otolaryngology/Head and Neck Surgery
Courtney D Stephenson, DO, FACOG
Clinical Professor
UNC Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology
Division of Maternal-Fetal Medicine
Fetal Intervention
Richard H Sterns, MD
Editor-in-Chief — Nephrology
Section Editor — Fluid and Electrolytes
Professor Emeritus
University of Rochester School of Medicine and Dentistry
Jennifer P Stevens, MD, MS
Assistant Professor of Medicine
Harvard Medical School
Tyler Stevens, MD
Associate Professor of Medicine
Department of Gastroenterology and Hepatology
Cleveland Clinic
Barclay T Stewart, MD, PhD
Assistant Professor of Surgery, University of Washington
Core Faculty, Harborview Injury Prevention and Research Center
David B Stewart, MD, FACS, FASCRS
Professor and Division Chief, General Surgery
Southern Illinois University
Shelby J Stewart, MD
Assistant Professor of Surgery
Division of Thoracic Surgery
University of Maryland Medical System
Sandra Stinnett, MD
Assistant Professor
Director, Swallow Disorders Clinic
University of Pittsburgh
Nathaniel Stoikes, MD
Associate Professor
Baptist Health Sciences University
Joanne Stone, MD
Director
Division of Maternal Fetal Medicine
Professor
Mount Sinai Medical School
John H Stone, MD, MPH
Professor of Medicine
Harvard Medical School
The Edward A Fox Chair in Medicine
Director of Clinical Rheumatology
Massachusetts General Hospital
Patrick Stone, MD, FACS, RVT, RPVI
Professor of Surgery
Division of Vascular Surgery
Vanderbilt University
Thomas G Stovall, MD
Professor of Obstetrics and Gynecology
University of Tennessee
Lisa Strate, MD, MPH
Professor of Medicine
University of Washington Medical School
Robert J Stratta, MD
Professor of Surgery, Director of Transplantation
Wake Forest School of Medicine
Louis-Matthieu Strickland, MD, MBA, FRCSC, FACS
Assistant Professor
Trauma Surgery and General Surgery
Royal Alexandra Hospital, University of Alberta
Jonathan R Strosberg, MD
Professor
Department of Gastrointestinal Oncology
H. Lee Moffitt Cancer Center
Jared Strote, MD, MS
Professor of Emergency Medicine
University of Washington
Keith E Stuart, MD
Vice Chair, Hematology and Oncology
Lahey Hospital and Medical Center
Professor of Medicine,
Tufts University School of Medicine
Jason R Stubbs, MD
Associate Professor of Medicine
Division of Nephrology & Hypertension
University of Kansas Medical Center
Todd Stultz, DDS, MD
Staff, Section of Neuroradiology
Imaging Institute
Cleveland Clinic
Frederick J Suchy, MD, FAASLD
Senior Research Strategist
Children’s Hospital Colorado Research Institute
Professor of Pediatrics, Associate Dean for Child Health Research
University of Colorado School of Medicine
Christopher L Sudduth, MD
Boston Children's Hospital
Department of Plastic and Oral Surgery
Harvard Medical School
Sonia L Sugg, MD
Professor of Surgery
Division of Surgical Oncology and Endocrine Surgery, University of Iowa Carver College of Medicine
Ryan J Sullivan, MD
Massachusetts General Hospital
Harvard Medical School
Shelby Sullivan, MD, FASGE, FACG
Associate Professor of Medicine
University of Colorado School of Medicine
Bauer Sumpio, MD, PhD
Professor of Surgery, Medicine, and Radiology
Yale University
Arief Suriawinata, MD
Professor of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine
Geisel School of Medicine at Dartmouth
Martin I Surks, MD
Professor of Medicine and Pathology
Albert Einstein College of Medicine
Nijasri Charnnarong Suwanwela, MD
Professor of Neurology
Chulalongkorn University Medical School
Hans Sviggum, MD
Associate Professor of Anesthesia
Medical Director for Obstetric Anesthesia
Mayo Clinic
Scott Swanson, MD
Professor of Surgery
Harvard Medical School
Susan Swetter, MD
Professor of Dermatology
Co-Director, Pigmented Lesion & Melanoma Program
Physician Leader, Cancer Care Program in Cutaneous Oncology
Stanford University Medical Center and Cancer Institute/
VA Palo Alto Health Care System
Christopher Szabo, MD
Assistant Professor of Clinical Anesthesiology
Yale School of Medicine
Harold Szerlip, MD, MACP, FCCP, FASN, FNKF
Clinical Professor
Division of Nephrology
Medical University of South Carolina
Samuel Szomstein, MD, FACS, FASMBS
Associate Director, The Bariatric Institute and Division of Minimally Invasive Surgery
Director, Advance MIS and Bariatrics Fellowship Program
Cleveland Clinic Weston
Clinical Associate Professor of Surgery, Florida International University
Alphonse Taghian, MD, PhD
Professor of Radiation Oncology
Harvard Medical School
Patricia Tai, MB, BS, DMRT, FRCR, FRCPC
Clinical Oncologist
Professor, University of Saskatchewan
Canada Department of Radiation Oncology, Allan Blair Cancer Center
Honorary Professor, Department of Clinical Oncology, University of Hong Kong, China
Kenneth K Tanabe, MD
Section Editor — Gastrointestinal Malignancies
Professor of Surgery
Harvard Medical School
Zeina S Tannous, MD
Professor
Lebanese American University
Professor
Harvard Medical School
Mary-Ellen Taplin, MD
Professor of Medicine
Harvard Medical School
Robert C Tasker, MBBS, MD
Lectureship in Clinical Medicine, Selwyn College, Cambridge
Founding Chair of Neurocritical Care, Boston Children’s Hospital
Professor of Anaesthesia (Pediatrics)
Harvard Medical School
George A Taylor, MD
John A Kirkpatrick Professor Emeritus of Radiology (Pediatrics)
Harvard Medical School
Nicholas P Taylor, MD
Section Chief of Gynecologic Oncology
St. Lukes Hospital
Temple University
Sharonda A Taylor, MD, FAAP, FSAHM, Dipl. of ABOM
Associate Professor of Pediatrics, Division of Adolescent Medicine and Sports Medicine
Medical Director, Teens Working on Wellness Adolescent Weight Management Clinic
Director, Pediatric Obesity Elective
Baylor College of Medicine Texas Children's Hospital
Theodoros N Teknos, MD
President and Scientific Director, Seidman Cancer Center
University Hospitals Cleveland Medical Center
Dana Telem, MD
Associate Professor
University of Michigan
David A Tendler, MD
Assistant Consulting Professor of Medicine
Duke University
Mayer Tenenhaus, MD, FACS
Professor of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
University of California at San Diego Medical Center
Stephen Textor, MD
Professor of Medicine
Division of Nephrology and Hypertension
Mayo Clinic College of Medicine
Rochester, Minnesota
Arthur C Theodore, MD
Clinical Professor of Medicine
Boston University School of Medicine
Eric J Thomas, MD
Professor of Medicine
McGovern Medical School at the University of Texas Health Science Center Houston
Kevin Thornton, MD
Clinical Professor
University of California San Francisco School of Medicine
Chandrashekhar Thukral, MD, PhD
Clinical Associate Professor of Medicine
University of Illinois, College of Medicine at Rockford
Aaron Tobian, MD, PhD
Section Editor — Transfusion Medicine
Professor of Pathology, Medicine and Epidemiology
Director, Transfusion Medicine Division
School of Medicine
Bloomberg School of Public Health
The Johns Hopkins University
Marc R Toglia, MD
Director, Urogynecology Associates of Philadelphia
Chief, Division of Urogynecology - Mainline Hospitals
Associate Professor of Obstetrics and Gynecology
Thomas Jefferson School of Medicine
Philadelphia, PA
Spencer Tomberg, MD
Assistant Professor, Department of Emergency Medicine
Denver Health Medical Center/University of Colorado School of Medicine
Mark Topazian, MD
Professor of Internal Medicine and Digestive Disease
Mayo Clinic
Emanuel C Trabuco, MD, MS
Associate Professor
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology
Division of Urogynecology
Mayo Clinic
George Triadafilopoulos, MD
Professor of Medicine
University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center
Andrea Tringali, MD, PhD
Assistant professor
Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore,
Rome, Italy
Hensin Tsao, MD, PhD
Section Editor — Melanocytic Lesions and Disorders of Pigmentation
Professor of Dermatology
Harvard Medical School
Jennifer F Tseng, MD, MPH
Utley Professor of Surgery and Chair, Boston University Chobanian and Avedisian School of Medicine
Surgeon-in-Chief, Boston Medical Center
William Tseng, MD
Associate Professor of Surgery
Department of Surgery, Division of Surgical Oncology
City of Hope National Medical Center
Betty J Tsuei, MD
Professor of Surgery
University of Cincinnati
Naiwen D Tu, MD
Pediatrician
Texas Children's Pediatrics - Pediatric Medical Group
Togas Tulandi, MD, MHCM, FRCSC, FACOG, FCAHS
Professor and Chair of Obstetrics and Gynecology
Milton Leong Chair in Reproductive Medicine
McGill University, Canada
Tanya N Turan, MD, MSCR
Professor of Neurology
Medical University of South Carolina
R Michael Tuttle, MD
Professor of Medicine
Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center
Douglas Tyler, MD
Chair
Department of Surgery
University of Texas Medical Branch at Galveston
Lynne Uhl, MD
Section Editor — Transfusion Medicine
Associate Professor of Pathology
Harvard Medical School
Amanda J Ullman, RN, PhD
Professor and Chair in Paediatric Nursing
The University of Queensland and Children's Health Queensland
Renuka Umashanker, MD
Assistant Professor of Internal Medicine
Yale University School of Medicine
Augusto Vaglio, MD, PhD
Nephrology Unit
Meyer Children's Hospital
Associate Professor of Nephrology
University of Florence
Nimish B Vakil, MD, AGAF, FACP, FACG, FASGE
Clinical Professor of Medicine
University of Wisconsin School of Medicine and Public Health
Begoña P Valderrama, MD
Section Editor — Testicular Cancer
Genitourinary and Gynecological Tumors Unit
Medical Oncology Department
University Hospital Virgen del Rocío
Fidel A Valea, MD
Professor
Zucker School of Medicine at Hofstra University
System Chief of Gynecologic Oncology
Northwell Health Cancer Institute
Eric Vallières, MD, FRCSC
Section Editor — Lung Cancer
Surgical Director of the Lung Cancer Program
Swedish Cancer Institute
Foke van Delft, MD, FEBGH
Department of Gastroenterology and Hepatology
Radboud University Medical Center, Nijmegen, The Netherlands
Sanne M van der Kooij, MD, PhD
Gynaecologist
Noordwest Ziekenhuisgroep, Den Helder
Catherine Van Poznak, MD
Associate Professor Department of Internal Medicine
University of Michigan
Donald Vander Griend, PhD
Associate Professor of Pathology
University of Illinois at Chicago
Shyam Varadarajulu, MD
President, Orlando Health Digestive Health Institute
Professor of Medicine, University of Central Florida College of Medicine
Madhulika G Varma, MD
Professor and Chief
Section of Colorectal Surgery
University of California, San Francisco
David J Vaughn, MD
Professor of Medicine
Abramson Cancer Center of the University of Pennsylvania
Monica S Vavilala, MD
Professor of Anesthesiology and Pediatrics
University of Washington
Santhi Swaroop Vege, MD
Professor of Medicine
Mayo Clinic
Adrian Vella, MD
Professor of Medicine
Mayo Clinic
John Vella, MD, FACP, FRCP, FASN, FAST
Section Editor — Kidney Transplantation
Associate Professor of Medicine
Tufts University School of Medicine
Alan P Venook, MD
Professor of Clinical Medicine
University of California at San Francisco
Paolo Vercellini, MD
Professor
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology
University of Milan, Italy
Allison Vidimos, MD
Chairman, Department of Dermatology
Vice Chairman, Dermatology and Plastic Surgery Institute
Cleveland Clinic
Anthony J Viera, MD, MPH
Professor and Chair, Family Medicine and Community Health
Duke University School of Medicine
Philippe Vignon, MD, PhD
Professor of Critical Care Medicine
Medical-Surgical Intensive Care Unit
Teaching Hospital of Limoges, France
Miikka Vikkula, MD, PhD
Professor of Human Genetics
Laboratory of Human Molecular Genetics, de Duve Institute
Catholic University of Louvain
Xavier Villa, MD
Associate Professor of Pediatrics
Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Nutrition at Marshall University
Nghia "Jack" Vo, MD
Professor of Radiology, Chief of Pediatric Radiology
Medical College of Wisconsin and Children's Wisconsin
Pediatric Diagnostic and Vascular Interventional Radiologist
Bryan Voelzke, MD, MS, FACS
Reconstructive Urologist
Spokane Urology
Spokane, Washington
Jon D Vogel, MD, FACS, FASCRS
Professor of Surgery
University of Colorado
Charles M Vollmer, Jr, MD
Professor of Surgery
University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine
Willis H Wagner, MD
Professor of Surgery
Division of Vascular Surgery
Cedars-Sinai Medical Center
Joyce A Wahr, MD, FAHA
Section Editor — Patient Safety and Offsite Anesthetic Locations
Professor of Anesthesiology
University of Minnesota Health Sciences
Ellen R Wald, MD
Professor of Pediatrics
University of Wisconsin School of Medicine and Public Health
Allan Walkey, MD, MSc
Professor of Medicine
Chief, Division of Health Systems Science
Department of Medicine
University of Massachusetts Chan Medical School
Robin Wallace, MD, MAS
Physician Director, Complex Family Planning Care Standards
Planned Parenthood Federation of America
Manfred Wallner, MD
Department of Internal Medicine IV
Section of Nephrology
Klinikum Wels-Grieskirchen - Wels, Austria
Mark D Walters, MD
Professor of Surgery
Urogynecology and Pelvic Floor Disorders
Obstetrics, Gynecology and Women’s Health Institute
Cleveland Clinic
Grace J Wang, MD
Associate Professor of Surgery
Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania
Tracy S Wang, MD, MPH
Professor of Surgery
Chief, Section of Endocrine Surgery
Medical College of Wisconsin
John F Ward, MD, FACS
Professor of Surgery,
Department of Urology,
MD Anderson Cancer Center
Samuel L Washington III, MD, MAS
Assistant Professor
University of California, San Francisco
Ari J Wassner, MD
Medical Director, Thyroid Center, Boston Children's Hospital
Associate Professor of Pediatrics, Harvard Medical School
Donald L Weaver, MD
Professor of Pathology
University of Vermont College of Medicine
David J Weber, MD, MPH
Professor of Medicine, Pediatrics and Epidemiology
University of North Carolina Schools of Medicine and Public Health
Jon O Wee, MD
Assistant Professor of Surgery
Harvard Medical School
Harrison G Weed, MS, MD, FACP
Professor of Internal Medicine
Department of General Internal Medicine
The Ohio State University College of Medicine
Sven Wehner, PhD
Professor of Immune Pathophysiology
University Medical Center, Bonn
Andrew Wehrman, MD
Instructor of Pediatrics
Harvard Medical School
Melissa Weinberg, MD
California Pacific Medical Center, San Francisco
Steven E Weinberger, MD, MACP, FRCP
Adjunct Professor of Medicine
University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine
Executive Vice President and CEO Emeritus
American College of Physicians
Saul N Weingart, MD, PhD
Professor of Medicine, Tufts University School of Medicine
Tufts Medical Center
Gerald L Weinhouse, MD
Assistant Professor of Medicine
Harvard Medical School
Amy C Weintrob, MD
Professor of Medicine
The George Washington University and Veterans Affairs Medical Center
Barry D Weiss, MD
Professor of Family & Community Medicine
University of Arizona College of Medicine
Marnie B Welch, MD
Assistant Professor of Anesthesiology
Dartmouth-Hitchcock Medical Center
Antonio C Westphalen, MD, PhD
Professor of Radiology, Urology, and Radiation Oncology
University of Washington School of Medicine
Christopher Whinney, MD
Clinical Assistant Professor of Medicine
Cleveland Clinic Lerner College of Medicine
Douglas B White, MD, MAS
Vice Chair and Professor of Critical Care Medicine; Director, Program on Ethics and Critical Care Medicine
University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine
D'Juanna White-Satcher, MD, MPH
Assistant Professor of Pediatrics
Baylor College of Medicine
Maria Widmar, MD, MPH
Attending Surgeon, Colorectal Service
Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center
Shelley Wiechman, PhD
Associate Professor
University of Washington
Maurits J Wiersema, MD
Adjunct Clinical Associate Professor of Medicine
Indiana University School of Medicine
Fredrick M Wigley, MD
Professor of Medicine
Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine
Arek Wiktor, MD, FACS
Associate Professor of Surgery
Burn, Trauma, Critical Care
University of Colorado School of Medicine
Hans Wildiers, MD, PhD
Department of General Medical Oncology
University Hospitals Leuven, Belgium
Multidisciplinary Breast Center
University Hospitals Leuven, Belgium
Christopher G Willett, MD
Section Editor — Radiation Therapy
Professor
Duke University Medical School
Felicia N Williams, MD
Assistant Professor
University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill
Mallory Williams, MD, MPH, FACS, FICS, FCCP, FCCM
Chair
Department of Trauma and Burn
John H. Stroger, Jr. Hospital of Cook County
Christina A Wilson, MD, PhD
Associate Professor of Neurology
University of Florida
Yvonne Wilson, MB, ChB, FRCS (PLAST)
Consultant Plastic and Burns Surgeon
Birmingham Women's and Children's NHS Trust
Stephan Windecker, MD
Section Editor — Coronary Heart Disease
Professor of Medicine
Department of Cardiology
Bern University Hospital
Beverly Winikoff, MD, MPH
President, Gynuity Health Projects
Professor of Clinical Population and Family Health, Mailman School of Public Health, Columbia University
Julie M Winkle, MD, FACEP, FCCM
Associate Professor
Departments of Emergency Medicine
Department of Anesthesia Critical Care
University of Colorado
Harland S Winter, MD
Associate Professor of Pediatrics
Harvard Medical School
Max Wohlauer, MD, RPVI
Assistant Professor of Surgery
Medical Director Vascular Lab, University of Colorado School of Medicine
Department of Surgery, Division of Vascular Surgery
Bruce Wolfe, MD
Professor of Surgery
Oregon Health and Sciences University
Katherine H Wolpert, MD
Assistant Clinical Professor
Department of Pediatrics, Division of Emergency Medicine
University of Washington School of Medicine
Benjamin Wong, DSc, MD, PhD
Honorary Clinical Professor
Department of Medicine
University of Hong Kong
Cynthia A Wong, MD
Professor of Anesthesia
University of Iowa Healthcare
John B Wong, MD
Chief, Division of Clinical Decision Making
Professor of Medicine
Tufts University School of Medicine
Joyce Wong, MD
Surgical Oncologist
Kaiser Permanente Mid-Atlantic Region
Julia S Wong, MD
Associate Professor of Radiation Oncology
Harvard Medical School
Louis-Michel Wong Kee Song, MD, FRCP(C)
Professor of Medicine
Mayo Clinic College of Medicine
Karen Woo, MD
Associate Professor
UCLA Division of Vascular Surgery
George A Woodward, MD
Section Editor — Pediatric Signs and Symptoms
Professor of Pediatrics
University of Washington School of Medicine
Francis P Worden, MD
Professor
Department of Internal Medicine
Division of Hematology and Oncology
University of Michigan
Cameron D Wright, MD
Division of Thoracic Surgery
Massachusetts General Hospital
Jonathan L Wright, MD, MS
Associate Professor
Department of Urology
University of Washington School of Medicine
Affiliate Investigator
Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center
Michael J Wright, MBChB, MSc
Consultant in Clinical Genetics
Northern Genetics Service
Newcastle upon Tyne Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust
Julian K Wu, MD
Professor of Neurosurgery
Tufts University School of Medicine
Leslie Wu, MD
Surgical Attending
Maine Medical Center and Mercy Hospital
Peggy A Wu, MD
Associate Professor of Dermatology
University of California, Davis
Shadi Yaghi, MD, FAHA
Associate Professor of Neurology
Brown Medical University
Ammar Yamani, MD
Assistant Professor of Anesthesiology
Baylor College of Medicine
Hideko Yamauchi, MD, FACS
Breast Surgical Oncologist
Queen’s Medical Center
Professor
University of Hawai’i Cancer Center
Ximing J Yang, MD, PhD
Mary A. Fleming Professor of Pathology
Chief of Urologic Pathology Northwestern Memorial Hospital
Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine
Sri G Yarlagadda, MD
Associate Professor
University of Kansas Medical Center
Kazuhiro Yasufuku, MD, PhD
Professor of Surgery
University of Toronto
Daniel Dante Yeh, MD, MHPE, FACS, FCCM, FASPEN
Professor of Surgery
University of Colorado
Tina WF Yen, MD, MS
Professor of Surgery
Medical College of Wisconsin
Jenny H Yiee, MD
Member of faculty
Kaiser permanente
Bernard j Tyson
School of Medicine
Attending physician
Southern California permanente medical group
Linwah Yip, MD
Associate Professor of Surgery
University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine
Sue S Yom, MD, PhD, MAS
Professor, Departments of Radiation Oncology and Otolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery
University of California, San Francisco School of Medicine
Hidemasa Yoneda, MD, PhD
Assistant Professor
Department of Hand Surgery
Nagoya University
Harry H Yoon, MD, MHS
Enterprise Co-Leader, Gastrointestinal Cancer Research Program
Enterprise Vice Chair, Gastrointestinal Cancer Disease Group
Professor of Oncology
Houssam K Younes, MD, FACS, FSVS
Chairman, Vascular Surgery, Heart and Vascular Institute
Cleveland Clinic Abu Dhabi
Clinical Associate Professor
Cleveland Clinic Lerner College of Medicine of Case Western Reserve University
Michael P Young, MD
Professor of Medicine
University of Nevada at Reno School of Medicine
William F Young, Jr, MD, MSc
Professor of Medicine
Mayo Clinic College of Medicine
Alan S L Yu, MB, BChir
Harry Statland and Solon Summerfield Professor of Medicine
University of Kansas Medical Center
Wen-Liang Yu, MD
Associate Professor of Medicine
Chi-Mei Medical Center, Taiwan
Shan Yuan, MD
Associate Professor
City of Hope
Theodore H Yuo, MD, MSc
Assistant Professor of Surgery
University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine
Kimon C Zachary, MD
Assistant Professor of Medicine
Harvard Medical School
Salam F Zakko, MD, FACP, AGAF
Executive Director, Connecticut Clinical Research Institute
Medical Director, Connecticut Gastroenterology Institute
Consultant Gastroenterologist, Connecticut GI
Clinical Professor of Medicine, University of Connecticut School of Medicine
Wisam F Zakko, MD, FACP
Medical Director, Gastroenterology Institute of Fort Lauderdale
Richard D Zane, MD
Section Editor — Emergency Medical Services/Disaster Medicine
Professor and Chair of Emergency Medicine
University of Colorado School of Medicine
James L Zehnder, MD
Professor of Pathology and Medicine (Hematology)
Stanford University School of Medicine
Mark L Zeidel, MD
Hermann L. Blumgart Professor of Medicine
Harvard Medical School Physician-in-Chief and Chair
Department of Medicine Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center
Joseph Zenga, MD
Assistant Professor
Medical College of Wisconsin
Dafang Zhang, MD
Instructor of Orthopaedic Surgery
Harvard Medical School
Lee C Zhao, MD, MS
Professor of Urology and Plastic Surgery
New York University School of Medicine
NYU Langone Health
Ming Zhou, MD, PhD
Chair and Pathologist-in-Chief
Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine
Tufts Medical Center
Chair
Department of Anatomic and Clinical Pathology
Tufts University School of Medicine
Junya Zhu, PhD, MS, MA
Director of Health Programs
Yale-China Association
Naamah Zitomersky, MD
Assistant Professor of Pediatrics, Harvard Medical School
Pediatric Gastroenterologist, IBD Center, Boston Children's Hospital
Eugene Zolotarevsky, MD
Clinical Assistant Professor
Michigan State University, College of Human Medicine
Brian Zuckerbraun, MD, FACS
Henry T. Bahnson Professor of Surgery
Chief, Division of General and Trauma Surgery
University of Pittsburgh
Attending Surgeon
University of Pittsburgh Medical Center and
VA Pittsburgh Healthcare System
Pittsburgh, PA

Peer Reviewers

Shahram Aarabi, MD, MPH
Trauma and Vascular Surgery
University of California at San Francisco
Ahsan Ali, MD, FACS
Vascular Staff
John Peter Smith Hospital
Michael Allon, MD
Professor of Medicine
University of Alabama at Birmingham
Saman Arbabi, MD, MPH, FACS
Professor of Surgery
University of Washington
David G Armstrong, DPM, MD, PhD
Professor of Surgery and Director
Southwestern Academic Limb Salvage Alliance (SALSA)
Keck School of Medicine, University of Southern California
Adam W Beck, MD
Associate Professor of Surgery
University of Alabama at Birmingham
Sarah L Berga, MD
Professor and Chair
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology
Jacobs School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences
University at Buffalo, SUNY
Anatole Besarab, MD
Professor of Medicine
West Virginia University School of Medicine
Bev J Biller, BSN, RN, CWOCN
Nurse
Tufts University Medical Center
James H Black, III, MD
Chief of Vascular Surgery and Endovascular Therapy
Johns Hopkins Hospital
Ludwik K Branski, MD
Assistant Professor
University of Texas Medical Branch
Alan C Braverman, MD
Alumni Endowed Professor in Cardiovascular Diseases
Professor of Medicine
Washington University School of Medicine
Director, Marfan Syndrome and Aortopathy Center
Director, Neidorff Aortopathy and Master Clinician in Cardiology Fellowship Program
Ruth Bush, MD
Professor of Medicine and Surgery
Baylor College of Medicine
Deputy Director, Center for Innovations, Quality, Effectiveness, and Safety
Michael E. DeBakey VA Medical Center
Shamus R Carr, MD, FACS
Thoracic Surgeon and Research Physician
Bethesda, MD
Christopher G Carsten, III, MD
Clinical Professor of Surgery
University of SC School of Medicine, Greenville
Vascular Surgery Fellowship Program Director
Prisma Health System
Rabih A Chaer, MD
Professor of Surgery
The University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine
George J Chang, MD, MS
Assistant Professor, Surgical Oncology
MD Anderson Cancer Center
Kevin C Chung, MD, MS
Chief of Hand Surgery
Charles B.G de Nancrede Professor of Surgery
University of Michigan Health System
Daniel Clair, MD
Professor and Chair, Department of Vascular Surgery
Vanderbilt University Medical Center
Thomas E Clancy, MD
Associate Professor of Surgery
Harvard Medical School
Mark W Clemens, MD, FACS
Professor of Plastic Surgery, Associate Vice President
MD Anderson Cancer Center, University of Texas
Amalia Cochran, MD, FACS, FCCM
Section Editor — Basic surgical principles
Professor of Surgery
University of Florida
Alexander P Cole, MD
Assistant Professor of Surgery
Harvard Medical School
Joseph J Cullen, MD
Professor of Surgery
University of Iowa College of Medicine
David L Dawson, MD
Clinical Professor
Texas A&M University College of Medicine
Marc de Moya, MD, FACS
Chief of Trauma, Acute Care Surgery
Associate Professor of Surgery
Medical College of Wisconsin/Froedtert Trauma Center
Scott DeRoo, MD
Assistant Professor of Cardiac Surgery
University of Washington
Craig Donaldson, MD
Chairman, Department of Surgery
MetroWest Medical Center
Robert T Eberhardt, MD
Associate Professor of Medicine and Surgery
Boston University School of Medicine
Mark A Farber, MD
Professor of Surgery and Radiology
University of North Carolina School of Medicine
Robert J Feezor, MD, FACS
Associate Professor of Surgery
University of Florida
Alessandro Fichera, MD, FACS, FASCRS
Clinical Professor of Medical Education
Texas A&M University
Kevin N Foster, MD, MBA, FACS
Director
Arizona Burn Center
Maricopa Integrated Health Systems
Erica Friedman, MD, MS
Assistant Professor of Surgery
NYU School of Medicine
Michael E Friscia, MD
Clinical Associate Professor
Temple University School of Medicine
Luke Funk, MD
Associate Professor of Surgery
University of Wisconsin
Kelly A Garrett, MD
Weill Cornell Medical College/NY Presbyterian Hospital
Jennifer Suzanne Gass, MD, FACS
Chief of Surgery
Breast Fellowship Director
Program in Women’s Oncology
Women and Infants’ Hospital
Associate Professor of Surgery
Associate Professor of Obstetrics and Gynecology
Joel D Glickman, MD
Professor of Clinical Medicine
University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine
Mark S Granick, MD, FACS
Professor of Surgery (Plastic)
Medical Director of the University Hospital Wound Center
Rutgers New Jersey Medical School
Angela Gucwa, MD
Vascular Surgeon
Luminis Health Doctors Community Medical Center
Traci L Hedrick, MD, MS, FACS, FACRS
Associate Professor of Surgery
Chief, Division of General Surgery
Vice Chair of Clinical Operations, Department of Surgery
University of Virginia Health
Peter Henke, MD
Professor of Surgery
University of Michigan
Arthur A Herbert, MD, MSCS, FACS
Professor of Surgery
Section of Burn Surgery
University Medical Center- New Orleans Burn Unit
Richard A Hodin, MD
Professor of Surgery
Harvard Medical School
Steven J Hudak, MD
Associate Professor of Urology
UT Southwestern Medical Center
Daniel H Hunt, MD
Assistant Professor of Surgery
Weill Cornell Medical College
Jennifer L Irani, MD
Instructor in Surgery
Harvard Medical School
Shaneeta M Johnson, MD
Professor of Surgery
Morehouse School of Medicine
Douglas W Jones, MD
Assistant Professor of Surgery
Division of Vascular Surgery, University of Massachusetts Medical Center
Lowell S Kabnick, MD, FACS, FACPh
Chancellor
Vein and Lymphatic University
Ryan D Katz, MD, FACS
Attending Surgeon
The Curtis National Hand Center
Baltimore, MD
Timothy P Killoran, MD
Assistant Professor of Radiology
Harvard Medical School
Timothy F Kresowik, MD
Professor of Surgery
University of Iowa Carver College of Medicine
Henry Kuerer, MD
Professor of Surgery
The University of Texas M. D. Anderson Cancer Center
Ron G Landmann, MD
Chief, Division of Colon & Rectal Surgery
Baptist MD Anderson Cancer Center
Gregory Landry, MD
Medical Director of Vascular Surgery
Kootenai Clinic, Coeur d'Alene, ID
Rene D Largo, MD
Assistant Professor of Plastic Surgery
The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center
Christine Laronga, MD, FACS
Professor
Moffitt Cancer Center, University of South Florida
Sang Lee, MD, FACS, FASCRS
Professor of Clinical Surgery
University of Southern California
Keck School of Medicine
Steven Lee-Kong, MD
Professor of Surgery
Hackensack University Medical Center
Mike K Liang, MD, FACS
Professor of Surgery
University of Houston
Timothy K Liem, MD, FACS
Associate Professor of Surgery
Oregon Health & Science University
Robert B Lim, MD, FACS, FASMBS
Vice Chair of Education
Oklahoma University-Physicians Tulsa
Professor of Surgery
Oklahoma University School of Medicine Tulsa
Simon A Mahler, MD, MS
Professor of Emergency Medicine
Wake Forest School of Medicine
Jeffrey Marks, MD
Section Editor — Minimally Invasive Surgery
Professor of Surgery
University Hospitals
Case Medical Center
Linda W Martin, MD, MPH, FCCP, FACS
Associate Professor of Surgery
University of Virginia Health System
Joseph P Martinez, MD
Associate Professor of Emergency Medicine
University of Maryland School of Medicine
Kelly L McCoy, MD, FACS
Assistant Professor of Surgery, Section of Endocrine Surgery
University of Pittsburgh
Catherine Lindsay McKnight, MD, FACS, CNSC
Associate Professor of Surgery
University of Tennessee Medical Center, Knoxville
Vikas Mehta, MD, MPH, FACS
Vice Chair & Associate Professor of Otorhinolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery
Montefiore Medical Center/Albert Einstein College of Medicine
Matthew Mell, MD, MS, FACS
Professor and Chief, Division of Vascular Surgery
Medical Director, UC Davis Vascular Center
Andrew J Meyr, DPM
Clinical Professor
Temple University School of Podiatric Medicine
Jason S Mizell, MD, FACS
Colon and Rectal Surgeon
Baptist Health
Greg Moneta, MD
Professor, Vascular Surgery
Oregon Health and Science University
Faina Nakhlis, MD
Assistant Professor of Surgery
Harvard Medical School
Brigham and Women’s Hospital
Dana Farber Cancer Institute
Mayur Narayan, MD, MPH, MBA, MHPE, FACS, FCCM, FICS
Associate Professor
Director, Skills Acquisition & Innovation Laboratory
Associate Program Director, Surgical Critical Care Fellowship
Weill Cornell Medicine
Division of Trauma, Burns, Critical and Acute Care
New York-Presbyterian Hospital/Weill Cornell Medical Center
Garrett M Nash, MD
Assistant Professor of Surgery
Weill-Cornell Medical College
Leigh Neumayer, MD, FACS
Professor and Chair
Department of Surgery
University of Florida Jacksonville
Brant K Oelschlager, MD
Professor, Department of Surgery
University of Washington
Warner A Oldenburg, MD
Associate Professor of Surgery
Mayo Clinic College of Medicine
Dennis P Orgill, MD, PhD
Professor of Surgery
Harvard Medical School
Susan L Orloff, MD
Professor of Surgery
Oregon Health & Science University
Mohamed O Othman, MD
Professor of Medicine - Gastroenterology Section
Baylor College of Medicine
Jay D Pal, MD
Professor of Surgery
University of Washington
Anthony Papp, MD, PhD, FRCSC
Medical Director, BC Professional Firefighters' Burn Unit
Vancouver General Hospital
Clinical Professor, University of British Columbia
Sareh Parangi, MD
Associate Professor of Surgery
Harvard Medical School
Marc A Passman, MD
Professor of Surgery
University of Alabama at Birmingham
Eric M Pauli, MD
David L Nahrwold Professor of Surgery
Penn State Hershey Medical Center
Gregory Pearl, MD
Professor of Surgery
Texas A&M Health Sciences Center
Chief, Division of Vascular Surgery
Baylor University Medical Center
Clayton C Petro, MD
Assistant Professor of Surgery
Lerner College of Medicine
Cleveland Clinic Center for Abdominal Core Health
P Terry Phang, MD
Associate Professor of Surgery
University of British Columbia St Paul's Hospital
Ajita Prabhu, MD
Assistant Professor of Surgery
Cleveland Clinic Lerner College of Medicine
David I Quinn, MBBS (Hons I), PhD, FRACP, FACP
Associate Professor of Medicine
University of Southern California Norris Cancer Center
Keck School of Medicine
Erika L Rangel, MD, MS
Associate Surgeon
Clinical Instructor
Harvard Medical School
Daniel P Raymond, MD
Thoracic Surgeon
The Cleveland Clinic
David Rea, MD
Associate Consultant – Clinical
Mayo Clinic Graduate School of Medicine
Howard A Reber, MD
Professor of Surgery
David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA
Russel J Roberts, PharmD, FCCM, BCCCP
Clinical Manager
Cardiology, Cardiac Critical Care, Pediatrics and Transplant Services
Massachusetts General Hospital
Flavio G Rocha, MD
Professor of Surgery
Oregon Health and Science University
Claus G Roehrborn, MD
Professor and Chair
Department of Urology
UT Southwestern Medical Center at Dallas
Alan D Rogers, MBChB, FC Plast Surg, MMed, FRCSI, MSc, FACS
Associate Professor
Division of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, University of Toronto
Attending Plastic Surgeon
Ross Tilley Burn Centre, Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre
Matthew R Rosengart, MD, MPH
Associate Professor of Surgery/Critical Care Medicine
University of Pittsburgh
Marsha Ryan, MD, JD, FACS
Adjunct Professor, School of Law
Southern Illinois University
Andres Schanzer, MD, FACS
Associate Professor of Surgery and Quantitative Health Sciences
University of Massachusetts Medical School
Mark V Schaverien, MBChB, MD, MSc, MEd, FRCS (Plast)
Assistant Professor of Plastic Surgery
The University of Texas, MD Anderson Cancer Center
Marc Schermerhorn, MD, FACS
Professor of Surgery
Harvard Medical School
Bradley Schiff, MD
Associate Professor
Albert Einstein College of Medicine
Shahriar Shahrokhi, MD, FRCSC, FACS
Burn Surgeon
Hamilton General Hospital
Associate Professor
McMaster University
Department of Surgery
Bettina Siewert, MD
Harvard Medical School
John Skibber, MD
Professor of Surgery
MD Anderson Cancer Center
David I Soybel, MD
Editor-in-Chief — General Surgery
Section Editor — Upper GI Surgery
Professor of Surgery
Geisel School of Medicine at Dartmouth
Valerie L Staradub, MD, FACS
Breast Surgeon
Helen F. Graham Cancer Center & Research Institute
Shelby J Stewart, MD
Assistant Professor of Surgery
Division of Thoracic Surgery
University of Maryland Medical System
Martin V Taormina, MD, FACS
Vascular and Endovascular Surgery
Durham, North Carolina
Ali Tavakkoli, MD
Associate Professor of Surgery
Harvard Medical School
Callie Thompson, MD, FACS
Assistant Professor of Surgery
University of Utah Burn Center
Tushar Vachharajani, MD, FASN, FACP
Director of Global Nephrology
Glickman Urological & Kidney Institute
Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, OH
Jean-Nicolas Vauthey, MD, FACS
Professor of Surgery
The University of Texas
MD Anderson Cancer Center
Paul Wade Wennberg, MD
Assistant Professor of Medicine
Mayo Clinic
Rochester, MN
Antonio C Wolff, MD, FACP
Professor of Oncology
The Sidney Kimmel Comprehensive Cancer Center at Johns Hopkins
Fiona Wood, MD
Winthrop Professor
University of Western Australia
Tina WF Yen, MD, MS
Professor of Surgery
Medical College of Wisconsin
Houssam K Younes, MD, FACS, FSVS
Chairman, Vascular Surgery, Heart and Vascular Institute
Cleveland Clinic Abu Dhabi
Clinical Associate Professor
Cleveland Clinic Lerner College of Medicine of Case Western Reserve University
Theodore H Yuo, MD, MSc
Assistant Professor of Surgery
University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine
Michael E Zenilman, MD
Chair, Department of Surgery
New York Presbyterian-Brooklyn Methodist Hospital
Professor of Surgery
Weill Cornell Medicine

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