ﺑﺎﺯﮔﺸﺖ ﺑﻪ ﺻﻔﺤﻪ ﻗﺒﻠﯽ
خرید پکیج
تعداد آیتم قابل مشاهده باقیمانده : 3 مورد
نسخه الکترونیک
medimedia.ir

Patient education: Vagal maneuvers (The Basics)

Patient education: Vagal maneuvers (The Basics)

What are vagal maneuvers? — Vagal maneuvers are ways to change a person's heartbeat without using medicines. For some vagal maneuvers, a doctor will press on a certain part of your body. For others, they will have you make a certain movement with your body.

Vagal maneuvers cause changes in your nervous system. Your nervous system then sends signals to your heart. These signals cause a response that affects your heartbeat.

Normally, a heartbeat happens when an electrical signal starts in a certain area in the heart. This electrical signal follows a set path to spread across the heart. As it spreads, the signal causes the heart muscle to squeeze in a normal way and at a regular rate. This causes the heartbeat.

Vagal maneuvers slow down the electrical signals that start a heartbeat. They can also slow down the electrical signals that spread across the heart. Both of these things can slow down the heartbeat.

What are examples of vagal maneuvers? — There are many different vagal maneuvers. The 2 that doctors use most often are "carotid sinus massage" and the "Valsalva maneuver."

What does carotid sinus massage involve? — To do carotid sinus massage:

You will lie down.

The doctor will press on a specific area in your neck. When your doctor does this, they are pressing on your carotid sinus. The carotid sinus lies under your skin in 1 of the carotid arteries (figure 1). The carotid arteries are the main blood vessels that bring blood to the brain. The doctor will press on your carotid sinus for about 5 to 10 seconds.

During carotid sinus massage, the doctor will monitor your blood pressure and heart activity. To monitor your heart activity, they will do an electrocardiogram ("ECG") (figure 2).

Carotid sinus massage slows down the heartbeat and lowers your blood pressure. This can make you feel lightheaded or like you might pass out.

Doctors usually don't do carotid sinus massage in people who have certain medical conditions, including carotid artery disease. In carotid artery disease, fatty clumps called "plaques" build up in the carotid arteries.

What does the Valsalva maneuver involve? — For the Valsalva maneuver:

You might lie down on an exam table or bed. Your head and upper body will be partly raised.

The doctor will have you breathe in and then try to breathe out hard, keeping your mouth and nose closed. This can feel like you are "bearing down" and trying to have a bowel movement.

You will hold this position for up to 10 seconds. Then, you can breathe normally again.

After holding your breath, the doctor might lower your head and upper body to flat. Then, they will have someone hold your legs up for 15 seconds.

During the Valsalva maneuver, the doctor will monitor your blood pressure and heart activity. To monitor your heart activity, they will do an ECG (figure 2).

Why might my doctor use a vagal maneuver on me? — Doctors commonly use vagal maneuvers to diagnose or treat certain heart problems. These can include:

Different kinds of tachycardia – "Tachycardia" means when the heartbeat is faster than normal. Carotid sinus massage or the Valsalva maneuver can sometimes slow down or stop tachycardia, so the heart can beat normally again.

Heart murmurs – The Valsalva maneuver is used in people who have a heart murmur. A heart murmur is an extra sound that doctors or nurses hear when they listen to the heart with a stethoscope. Your doctor or nurse might have you do the Valsalva maneuver when they listen to your heart. This will tell the doctor or nurse more about your heart murmur.

"Heart block" – In this condition, the electrical signals in the heart are slowed or stopped. Carotid sinus massage can help show your doctor where the block in your heart is.

To find the cause of fainting – Doctors also sometimes use these maneuvers to try to find out why a person has fainted. Carotid sinus massage can show if the fainting is from a condition called "carotid sinus hypersensitivity."

Do doctors do other vagal maneuvers? — Doctors sometimes use other vagal maneuvers, but these are rarely done. They involve putting a person's face in a bowl of ice water, or pressing on a person's eyeball. Both of these maneuvers slow down the heartbeat.

More on this topic

Patient education: Carotid artery disease (The Basics)
Patient education: Syncope (fainting) (The Basics)
Patient education: Tachycardia (The Basics)
Patient education: Heart block in adults (The Basics)
Patient education: Heart murmurs (The Basics)
Patient education: Wolff-Parkinson-White syndrome (The Basics)

Patient education: Syncope (fainting) (Beyond the Basics)
Patient education: Wolff-Parkinson-White syndrome (Beyond the Basics)

This topic retrieved from UpToDate on: Jun 02, 2024.
Disclaimer: This generalized information is a limited summary of diagnosis, treatment, and/or medication information. It is not meant to be comprehensive and should be used as a tool to help the user understand and/or assess potential diagnostic and treatment options. It does NOT include all information about conditions, treatments, medications, side effects, or risks that may apply to a specific patient. It is not intended to be medical advice or a substitute for the medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment of a health care provider based on the health care provider's examination and assessment of a patient's specific and unique circumstances. Patients must speak with a health care provider for complete information about their health, medical questions, and treatment options, including any risks or benefits regarding use of medications. This information does not endorse any treatments or medications as safe, effective, or approved for treating a specific patient. UpToDate, Inc. and its affiliates disclaim any warranty or liability relating to this information or the use thereof. The use of this information is governed by the Terms of Use, available at https://www.wolterskluwer.com/en/know/clinical-effectiveness-terms. 2024© UpToDate, Inc. and its affiliates and/or licensors. All rights reserved.
Topic 83898 Version 9.0

آیا می خواهید مدیلیب را به صفحه اصلی خود اضافه کنید؟