ﺑﺎﺯﮔﺸﺖ ﺑﻪ ﺻﻔﺤﻪ ﻗﺒﻠﯽ
خرید پکیج
تعداد آیتم قابل مشاهده باقیمانده : 3 مورد
نسخه الکترونیک
medimedia.ir

Patient education: Melasma (The Basics)

Patient education: Melasma (The Basics)

What is melasma? — Melasma is a condition that causes brown patches on the skin. The patches are usually on the face.

Melasma is common in women who are pregnant, but women who are not pregnant can also get it. Men can get it, too. Melasma is most common in people with darker skin and people who live in very sunny places.

What are the symptoms of melasma? — Brown patches on the skin are the main symptom (picture 1). The patches can be light or dark brown or sometimes grayish or bluish.

It is most common for melasma to happen on the cheeks, forehead, upper lip, nose, and chin. Melasma can also happen on the jaw.

Should I see a doctor or nurse? — If you notice brown, gray, or blue patches on your skin, talk to your doctor or nurse. Some other conditions can also cause darker areas on the skin.

Is there a test for melasma? — No. The doctor or nurse should be able to tell if you have it by learning about your symptoms and doing an exam.

How is melasma treated? — The doctor or nurse can prescribe a cream to lighten the dark patches. If the melasma is not gone after 2 or 3 months, they can prescribe a different cream.

If the creams do not make the melasma go away, the doctor might recommend a treatment called a "chemical peel." In this treatment, a product such as glycolic acid is put on the skin. It makes the top layer of skin peel off. This can take off the melasma patches.

Is there anything else I can do on my own? — Yes. If you have melasma, you should also:

Always wear sunscreen that protects against UVB and UVA rays (sample brand names: Neutrogena sunscreens with Helioplex, La Roche-Posay Anthelios SX). "Mineral" sunscreens with titanium dioxide or zinc oxide are also good choices. The sunscreen should have a sun protection factor ("SPF") of at least 30. Put on more sunscreen every 2 hours while you are outdoors.

Wear a wide-brimmed hat to protect your face from the sun.

Some people choose to use makeup to cover their melasma. If you do this, choose a product that contains sunscreen to help protect your skin.

Melasma caused by pregnancy usually goes away in about a year. But melasma can be a long-lasting condition. The dark patches do not always go away completely, even with treatment. They can also come back if you stop using sunscreen and other sun protection.

More on this topic

Patient education: Eczema (atopic dermatitis) (The Basics)

Patient education: Eczema (atopic dermatitis) (Beyond the Basics)
Patient education: Systemic lupus erythematosus (Beyond the Basics)
Patient education: Sunburn prevention (Beyond the Basics)

This topic retrieved from UpToDate on: Jun 02, 2024.
Disclaimer: This generalized information is a limited summary of diagnosis, treatment, and/or medication information. It is not meant to be comprehensive and should be used as a tool to help the user understand and/or assess potential diagnostic and treatment options. It does NOT include all information about conditions, treatments, medications, side effects, or risks that may apply to a specific patient. It is not intended to be medical advice or a substitute for the medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment of a health care provider based on the health care provider's examination and assessment of a patient's specific and unique circumstances. Patients must speak with a health care provider for complete information about their health, medical questions, and treatment options, including any risks or benefits regarding use of medications. This information does not endorse any treatments or medications as safe, effective, or approved for treating a specific patient. UpToDate, Inc. and its affiliates disclaim any warranty or liability relating to this information or the use thereof. The use of this information is governed by the Terms of Use, available at https://www.wolterskluwer.com/en/know/clinical-effectiveness-terms. 2024© UpToDate, Inc. and its affiliates and/or licensors. All rights reserved.
Topic 83982 Version 6.0

آیا می خواهید مدیلیب را به صفحه اصلی خود اضافه کنید؟