Superficial retinal hemorrhages
Superficial retinal hemorrhages are small, linear, flame-shaped, red streaks in the fundi. They are shaped by the superficial bundles of nerve fibers that radiate from the optic disc in the pattern illustrated. Sometimes the hemorrhages occur in clusters and then simulate a larger hemorrhage, but the linear streaking at the edges shows their true nature. An occasional superficial hemorrhage has a white center consisting of fibrin.
Reproduced with permission from: Bickley, LS and Szilagyi, P. Bates' Guide to Physical Examination and History Taking, 8th Ed. Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins 2003. Copyright ©2003 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.
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